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A qualitative study on value and meaning of friendship among higher educated students
Friendship is considered as a medium to long-term cooperative relationship between two unrelated people and is considered as a universal feature of social life. It has been identified that friendship provides benefits towards psychological health and wellbeing (Ayers et al. 2021). In terms of friendship, an unknown relationship has been formed between traits and trusts. Value of friendship builds trust, happiness and it improves self-confidence. Further, self-worthiness is another trait identified among people based on friendship.
Purpose of this report is to identify the value of friendship among higher educated students. This report is going to collect information regarding the value of friendship from previous journals. Based on previous journals, this report is going to develop research aims, objectives, and questions. Research methods are going to be discussed in this report. This report is going to discuss research design, data collection method, sampling, and data analysis. In addition, this report is going to analyse research data to meet research aims and objectives. Finally, a reflection based on the entire study is going to be covered in this report. Limitations and future implications of the report regarding the value of friendship are going to be discussed in this report.
Friendship is a basic thing for everyone. According to Hojjat et al. (2017), friendship is a relationship that helps to create a strong bonding with each other. Apart from this, all students, employees and all people need to maintain the friendship, so that they can enhance their behaviour and help each other in each critical situation. On other hand, these authors have stated that friendship influence to develop the personality that can reflect in professional domains. A student or employee or any people should be aware to avoid difficulties regarding their relations. It can be said that friendship is a valuable factor for everyone to make a good relationship with each other.
Friendship can mitigate major difficulties that can be found in a person. Here, friendship is able to eliminate mental obstacles, which is very important to make a strong relationship. Based on this fact, Clifton, (2021) stated that a student should interact with friends and find a faithful and trustworthy partner to share anything with that person. In this way, that student can overcome stress, frustration and other mental issues. On other hand, friendship is helping to get benefits in the academic domains. A good friend is always sharing lecture notes, and demonstrating the critical aspects of some specific topic. In this friendship is developing the bonding between two-person and more than two persons.
According to Chierchia, Tufano, & Coricelli, (2020), friendship is reducing strategic uncertainty and toxic coordination. It can be said that students can learn the impact of friendship by behaving well with classmates. Many risks, attitude issues, academic sustainability, and many other things can be developed with the help of friends. It is the strongest relationship that can increase the mental health to do different tasks despite having more difficulties in it. It becomes easier to make decisions with the help of friends. In this way, psychological evolution can see in a student.
Not all friends are good; some friends are not willing to goodness for their classmates. Apart from this, a student needs to be aware of those friends. In this case, fake friends are decreasing motivation; they do not help to manage critical situations in the classroom. This activity does not encourage students. Regarding this case, Sheikh et al. (2021) stated that fake friends are giving the wrong news; in addition, fake friends can be found on social media platforms. Due to this reason, a student needs to identify the real and fake friends, which can take ahead towards success.
The benefit of friendship is boundless; with the help of this relation, a student can overcome mental health, learn social and cultural aspects. In this way, a good culture can be spread within the classroom. The proper communication process can be learned, understanding of academic contexts and many more things can be achieved with the help of friends. Therefore, it is clear that friendship is helping to enhance the quality of bonding, make a good behavioural structure, and share valuable information. Nevertheless, having negative friends during higher education can also discourage academic achievements.
Aim of this report is to identify value and meaning of friendship among higher educated students
What is the meaning and value of friendship among higher educated students?
A research study is covering the value of friendship; based on this topic, researchers are focusing on different aspects of friendships. With the help of descriptive design, the value of friendship can be described. According to Gómez et al. (2018), descriptive design and norms is helping to elaborate multiple aspects of friends. In this case, readers can easily understand the value of friendship, which is demonstrating the beneficial aspects of friendship. Apart from this, researchers are focusing on students of schools and universities to get accurate results. It has been found that many students have influenced with the help of friends in their higher education. In this way, students can manage their mental health, norms, ethical factors behavioural structure, and other things. Here, all researchers are focusing on the points that provide valuable information regarding this research topic.
Here, the sample size is 2. Two students are taken in this research session. An interview session is going on in this program. Here, researchers are asking questions to students based on friendships, thoughts of friendships and many more things. The sample size is another important part of a research session, where more than one participant is included to provide their valuable answers. In this case, two students are taken to know their opinion regarding the value of friendship. Researchers are making a comfortable environment for those two participants to get accurate results from them. In this way, the sampling technique helps to provide information.
For this research, the primary qualitative data collection method is used to get accurate results from participants. Here, two students are participants in the interview session. Here, researchers are making some questionnaires regarding value of friends. Based on Hamilton, & Finley, (2019) statement, the qualitative data collection method is providing accurate and current information that is happening in the research session. With the help of this method, proper examining can acquire, flexible collaborative factors, a good management model and many other things can be achieved with the help of the qualitative method. Moreover, this method is also demonstrating the negative impact of friendship. Sometimes, fake friends are de-motivating students; in that case, they become unable to do any task or do something wrong. Due to this reason, a student needs to inspire other friends by communicating with each other. Negotiation process can be implemented in that case.
Here, thematic data analysis is an essential method of the data analysis section. Thematic analysis is enhancing the quality of research, where different types of data can be analysed with the help of this analysis method. Scharp, & Sanders, (2019) explained that researchers are collecting data from interviews and negotiating all data to measure its accuracy. After that, relevant data based on friendship is briefly described by implementing different aspects. Therefore, it is clear that thematic analysis is helping to enhance the multiple aspects regarding the value of friendship. This topic helps readers to understand this research topic to upgrade their behaviour.
Friendship is one of crucial behaviours, which influence the traits of compassion for others (CFO). According to Sanchez et al. (2020), CFO can be recognised as being open to others and non-judgemental behaviour, which influences the statement that humans are imperfect and everyone, can make mistakes. In contrast, Leibowitz, (2018) argued that friendship is considered as a unidirectional relationship that influences an individual towards a happy life. Here, it can be stated that the CFO behaviour is associated with friendship, which leads an individual towards a happy life.
“Displaying compassion for others (CFO) and utilizing friendship maintenance (FM) behaviors are positively associated with happiness”
It has been identified that CFO is associated with three distinct pillars such as kindness, mindfulness, and common humanity. It has been identified that mindfulness behaviour influences understanding of people regarding their issues and troubles. Common humanity is recognised as understanding behaviour of an individual to viewing others that they are suffering from issues. Kindness indicates warmth and behaviour towers over the sufferer (Sanchez et al. 2020). Here, it can be stated from the above discussion that CFO is associated with multiple dimensions, which influences positive behaviour and foster psychological health and wellbeing of people.
On other hand, Ayers et al. (2021) reported that friendship is one of common relationships, which does not only lead an individual towards a happy life, rather it allows an individual to share their feelings which helps to reduce the issue of stress. In contrast, Sanchez et al. (2021) argued that CFO perspective in friendship helps to reduce the burden of stress by focusing on three main pillars such as kindness, mindfulness, and common humanity. Here, it can be stated that friendship is focused on CFO perspectives and it reduces stress of people and influences them towards a happy and healthy life.
On the other hand, Alexander stated in the interview session that he could not choose his family; however, she chose his friend circles, which become closer to me than my family. It has been identified from the interview transcript that Alexander stated, “I trust my friends and I can share everything with my friends '. It has been identified that trust among friends is built based on CFO characteristics. This literature also stated that trust and feeling of comfort help to reduce stress and lead people towards a happy life. Here, it can be stated that friendship played a significant role in reducing stress and leading people towards a happy life.
By focusing on interview transcript of Alexander, it has identified that he expressed that in university he feels happy in university life due to his friends’ jokes and their stupid things. Warren et al. (2018) stated that regular laughs, jokes, and fun activities influence an individual psychological perspective followed by it reduce the issue of the stress of an individual. Therefore, by focusing on the above discussion and literature review of this research report, it has been identified that the value of friendship is immense. It focuses on three distinct features such as kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness, which allow an individual to become open, comfortable and improve their psychological well-being. Therefore, it can be summarized from the above analysis that friendship leads people towards a happy life followed by it rescues stress and it meet the requirements of first objective.
Friendship is recognised as a common activity of human life, which helps to transform a stranger into a significant member of life, and it plays a crucial role. It has been identified that friendship is recognised as a social phenomenon, which ensures in an individual's life since their childhood (Wicaksono & Adiyanti, 2019). This literature also stated that friends played a significant role to provide effective emotional support after the parents. In contrast, Lim (2021) argued that besides emotional support, friendship is one of the significant factors, which improve the communication skills of individuals by marinating significant attachment. Here, it can be stated that friendship is a social phenomenon, which influences an individual's life followed by their emotional support and communication skills. In the context of higher educated students, it can be stated that friendship played a significant role in improving their communications skills and psychological well-being.
“Friendship is a form of human activity that is important and full of meaning”
It has to be mentioned here that effective communication skill does not only influence social life, rather it influences an individual towards their professional excitement. By focusing on the interview session of Deborah it has identified that she had developed a significant friendship bond, which not only influenced her studies of her degree course, rather it helped her to build a significant social interaction. Therefore, it can be stated that friendship is one of the crucial factors, which influence an individual towards significant social life.
Friendship and attachment style depends on responsiveness, attachment and similarities between both parties (Wicaksono & Adiyanti, 2019). This literature believes that the same conditions or attitudes to feeling other feelings are a common factor, which influences the quality of friendship. Further, Lim (2021) reported that togetherness, mutual understanding, and similarities influence the relationship of friendship. Significant attachment, mutual understanding influences the psychological health and wellbeing of people. In the context of Deborah's interview session, she shared that “ I just remember sitting next to her 50 and we just started talking and she was a mum and I was a mum and we just had little 51 things like that"(Deborah interview transcript pp. 2). Deborah expressed that she and her friend are both new parents, which are common things, identified which build significant attachment. Here, it can be stated that attachment and similar things, strong friendship bonds followed by it influence an individual towards a happy life. Similarities allow people to share feelings and improve their psychological health and wellbeing.
Communication is one of the key builders, which foster the friendship quality and relationship between two parties (Wicaksono & Adiyanti, 2019). In contrast, Lim, (2021) stated that a strong bond between two patients developed based on their language and their communication. Here, it can be stated that regular communication is one of the significant factors behind developing strong bonds followed by quality of friendship. In addition, Deborah shared in her interview session that "e're both mums and we both you know we're on the 34 phones all the time" (Deborah interview transcript pp. 2). Deborah also shared that this regular communication or phone calls improve our bonding, friendship quality that influences our psychological health and wellbeing. Hence, it can be summarized that friendship improves psychological health and wellbeing. On other hand, the literature review of this search report has identified that the value of friendship helps to improve psychological health and wellbeing. Therefore, it can be concluded that friendship is maintained in a directly proportional relationship with psychological health and wellbeing. This theme is related with the first objective of this study.
Friendship is recognised as a crucial interpersonal concept among people, which build a significant social interaction (Li et al. 2018). In contrast, Friedman & Rizzolo (2018) argued that friendship is not only a social relationship rather it is associated with multiple benefits including positive psychology, trust and an increased sense of belonging. It has been identified that a strong sense of belonging is directly connected with self-confidence and motivation. Here, it can be stated that friendship is associated with social interaction followed by it improving a sense of belonging and self-confidence. By focusing on the interview session of Deborah, it has been identified that she was very talkative and shared her feelings with others. In the interview session, it has been identified that she has significant communication skills. Effective communication skills improve her confidence followed by friendship. Here, it can be stated that friendship is one of the crucial relations, which help to influence communication skills, sense of belonging followed by self-confidence.
“Friendship plays a critical role in social commerce in contemporary societies”
According to Doogan et al. (2019), friendship is recognised as one of the significant factors, which helps to improve the quality of life of an individual by improving their social interaction. In addition, this literature stated that the key pillar of friendship develops an effective friendship between two parties. In contrast, Eggermont et al. (2021) stated that friendship is associated with multiple advantages such as it helps to reduce probability of self-injury, stress and it improves self-confidence among people. Therefore, it can be summarized from the above analysis that friendship is a social relation, which improves trust, self-confidence and reduces probability of self-injury.
By focusing on the interview session of Alexander, it has been identified that he expressed that “Yeah trust, what else? That they’re friendly and nice, erm that they accept me for who I am erm”. In this interview session, it has been identified that Alexander expressed that he does not trust an individual at the first meeting. Further, he expressed that he trusts his friends over everything. Therefore, by focusing on the above data it has been identified that friendship helps to improve trust among people. It has to be mentioned here that trust is one of the crucial pillars behind the value of friendship. On other hand, the interview session of Deborah shared that whenever talks about friends, she feels that communicating with them reduces everyday stress. Therefore, it has been identified that friendship is one of the crucial factors, which improve emotional wellbeing followed by psychological safety. Here, it can be summarized that friendship is associated with trust, self-confidence, and emotional wellbeing and this theme meet second objective.
Reflexivity and conclusion
This report can be concluded that friendship is one of the significant factors, which influence trust, self-confidence, and psychological well-being. Purpose of this report was to identify the value of friendship among highly educated students. This report has been identified that friendship improves psychological health and wellbeing followed by influences emotional support. This report has identified that friendship helps to improve trust, emotional wellbeing among people.
I have learned that friendship is one of the crucial factors, which build positive social relationships. In addition, I have learned from the report that friendship improves psychological health and wellbeing of people. Furthermore, I have identified from the above discussion that friendship helps to improve trust, self-confidence, and emotional support. It has been identified that friendship is a significant factor in emotional safety and wellbeing.
Limitations and Future research
This report has failed to identify the negative impact of friendship on students' academic life. In this regard, in future, this report will focus on both the positive and negative impact of friendship on students' academic life.
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