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How Word Valence And Encoding Type Will Affect The Recall

Introduction: How Word Valence And Encoding Type Will Affect The Recall

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Valence is one of the terms that indicate emotional values with stimulus. Emotional valence indicates the emotion of positive and negative emotions of the different kinds of situations that assist people in recalling their memory and improving their skill levels. The objective of this study is to design the effects of words in positive valence stages for recalling the free will of the people through encoding the different tasks. This study is trying to include certain experimentation and tries to identify some new concepts to understand the encoding type effectiveness in the recalling memory process. This study includes the different attributes to explain this task systematically. 

Impact of encoding and words valence strategy

Through several identical studies, it is enhanced that specific emotional stimuli have an association with improvement in the performance of memory. According to Yeung and Fernandes (2021), there is also a relationship between the effects of memory-related through the less consistency in source memory. On the other hand, the specific study has an evacuation over emotional valence over the particular conditions of encoding in influencing the performance of internal memory and judgments. However, there is a follow-over test phase through which a new old-judgmental analysis is performed. Over the different studies, it is replicated that there is a process of self-replication that has an identical effect through the self-memory over different participants that were replicated over a specific experiment. However, there is an intricate form of interaction between cognition and emotion that has led to a formal shift in the different cognitive sciences. Moreover, the affection for EEM (Emotion-enhanced memory) has a deliberate improvement of memory and emotions.

On the other hand, Legrand et al. (2021) mention in their study that the specific form of experiment over a particular manipulation through source memory has interdependence over encoding along with word valence. Furthermore, through the specific form of the experiment, the different participants needed to list several words with various properties of valence. In the case of learning for these participants, there was an outcome of discrimination between the old and the new measurements.  Through acknowledging the formal aspect of the encoding strategy there is a vast emphasis on an adequate stimulation valence in influencing the monitoring manipulation. The specific measurement of objective through the performance in memory has a stimulus over examining the desired strategy for encoding the meta-memory models. In the case of meta-memory, there is an underpinned reputation of tasks through participants in the form of the experimental analysis of them. Other than this, the evaluation of memory performance can have a pre-determined introduction of concepts from overall word valence.

However, it is enhanced that the effectuation over improving the performance of memory has a comparison of neutral ones. On the other hand, King et al. (2022) have determined in their study that a specific analysis of research can have an integrated source of information in the form of an encoding strategy at a nominal entity in condensing deliberate outcomes through relationships. In case a pre-determined aspect of emotional memory has its better contextual evidence through the neutral form of items with integrating the extra supportive effort. In case the ability over a substantial work initiates a whole investigation over associative memory in having a promotion through encoding. Moreover, the neutral form of data has an emphasized integration of information. It is also determined that the deliberate memory over the central negative along with the neutral words has significance through the lower form of words. The substantial evidence has the desired formulation by pointing to the trade-out form of memory through the excellence in preferential processing over the emotional stimulus.

Emotional valence and depth processing

Emotion is a fundamental concept of human feelings, and experiences, and understands the effectiveness of influencing cognitive processes. Emotional effects in memory can generate neutral stimuli through different emotional events of the study that help people manage their balance in their physical and mental health. As stated by Bonasia et al. (2018), different researchers explain that examining memory is related to the metamemory is a concept of monitoring and control of memory. Moreover, it can help people collect emotional information and provide assistance to develop the learner's predictions and other attributes. Effects of emotional valence for deep memory processing can assist different people in retrieving their memory through different words. Memory is developed through emotions that include positive and negative emotions. As opined by Yadav et al. (2021), negative emotions are connected with different words that involve the multiple regions of the brain's responsibility through self-referential processing. The negative words or emotion has the power to create a strong memory to recall the initial stages of the memory and supports the negative words to recollect them more accurately.                  

On the other hand, positive emotion can influence the valence and arousal of the memory and it also assists people to recall positive words during these situations. This emotional valence of words specifically negatively influences words that can increase the retrieval natures of the memory of the people. To influence the memory-recalling process, the researchers can also use different processes such as flashbulb memories. As suggested by Hahn et al. (2019), this process can assist in explaining the steps for memorizing the different events of the people. However, this process does not accurately have any kind of extra powers to boost the memorizing process which can influence the people to manage the business approaches. It can help the people by providing confidence to the different people that help to maintain the event situations.     

The depth of processing is another concept of developing the memory by recalling the process. It can also guide the memory by providing the details about the memory recalling power through these different stages of the procedures. Moreover, it can also suggest that people encoded the information and identified any kinds of offices in the human brain that assist people to maintain their human experiences.  

The Effects of Emotions on False Memory through the Emotion Induction previous and after Encoding

In case a formal encoding over a brain can have effectiveness over the memory along with a brain that has an identical interception of knowledge in the form of previous and present. However, constructing the false along with a true form of memories can have an enhanced promotion for tendency in different persons. On the other hand, there is an equation of formal emphasis in having the usage of DRM (Deese-Roediger-McDermott) form of paradigm. Through having the pre-determined tendency over false memory interception there can be an enhanced perception of adequate measurement in results (Madan et al. 2019). The effectiveness of memories can undergo a deliberate instance of emotion that has a variance in the form of encoding and content of emotion. However, the particular effects have certainty with no inclusion over clarity in boundaries and some of the preferred researchers have their demonstration through stress before encoding and improving memory.

Other than this, the brain mechanisms have several effects on memory that have a differentiation over the cognitive processes and formation over the false memory. However, in several studies, it has been identified that cognitive neuroscience has a better examination of false memories that can have an extensive framework of monitoring. In addition, Brainerd et al. (2021) have mentioned in their study that fMRI studies are an important measurement of both memories along encoding. On the other hand, it is determined that emotions have a great amount of importance through the research of false memory. Thus, it centralizes positive information over the effects encoded in the different studies over the stress that has a priority over learning. However, the paradigm of DRM has an endorsement of lesser critical recognition through the observation of recalling the knowledge. They can also have a deliberate instance by intensifying the management of stress.

However, it can also be enhanced that there are various effects of false memories along with valence that has positivity over the emotions of a person. On the other hand, few amounts of emotions can have an effective reformation of lesser control in a group of participants. In the case of this paradigm of different results, it can be enhanced that there is a reduction of false memories during the specific ad equation of retrieval aspect (Jores et al. 2019). Moreover, there can be an enhanced perception through recalling tests for participants in testing their formal memories and the level of consistency among them. However, the inclusion of the neutral along with pictures of emotions has extensive recognition through the emotional induction before and after encoding.

Methods

Participants

The specific form of 48 participants was enhanced through recruitment in the form of online voluntary advertisement. The specific advertisement has an outmost post towards the forum for the various psychology students. On the other hand, the specific aspect has then had a sharing over their contacts through social media. However, the specific aspect has resulted in the form of a sample size being N = 48. In case there are a formal 37 females and 11 males for the specific experimentation. The definite information has an underpinned collection over the higher level of education bachelor, doctorate, and master.

Materials and apparatus

In the previous studies from Ferre (2003), there is no inclusion of his experimental analysis, and the deliberate key elements are induced through the formal key designs. On the other hand, an enhancement of the DRM paradigm is included in following through the extensive effectiveness of participants towards enhancing the consonant presentation. However, the case analysis of 2 independent variables is evacuated with 1 dependent free-call variable by recalling the positive words of various participants. This has an identification as (1 IV) for word valence and (2 IV) for emotion and non-emotional with (1 DV) as free-call. The procedure of EEM has also been initiated in the form of advertising the articulation of the supremacy condition and acquiring a vocal interpretation of various individuals. Other than this, in following the definite variance of conclusion there are several aspects of participants in the form of testing ANOVA, regression, and correlation through several sections. Through this, there is a better association of data sets along with recalling them.

However, a progression of presentation with repeated sets of data is analyzed and led towards an ultimate progression of descriptive statistics. Apart from this, the total experimentation has a completion within the desired interval (Wang and Gennari, 2019).

Design

This study used two types of encoding tasks for understanding emotional and physical health issues. Researchers design their experiments by selecting neutral words and positive words from the ANEW (Affective Norms for English words) that help them maintain the quality of their respective research process. In this case, researchers have used 3 different variables including the independent and dependent variables which help them to manage their restive experiment designs. They are taking the (IV1) word valence and (IV2) encoding types as independent variables that include the positive or neutral words and emotional and not emotional words and (DV1) Free recall as a dependent variable that helps them to manage their procedures. 

Procedures

This study used different questionnaires by collecting the data from online methods that assist the researchers in improving their data collection process. First participants get information about the study and the objective of the study. Through this process, the researchers can provide some details about their respective research process to their participants that help them to improve the project's performance. In this way, the researchers can avoid certain ethical issues and maintain the balance in their respective research projects. In this case, they do not include the unwanted questions in their questionnaire models which helps them to manage their time to reduce the unnecessary variables in these respective projects. Through this process, the researchers can take the tests of their participants by pushing them to recall the vowel terms, which suggests they manage their business approaches. In this case, they are providing the 10 sets of 3 letters and approaching them to identify the vowel and consonant of this type of approach. After that, researchers repeat the whole concept of every participant which helps them to manage the quality of the research.

In this research process, researchers include demographic segmentation to identify their audiences to collect the data from developing their research projects. First, researchers generate the data sets based on their whole data and after that, the researchers collect the physical and emotional data sets together and try to data analyze the results to help them to maintain the overall research projects. After that, researchers also analyzed their other data sets to identify the different concepts of their respective research projects.  

Rationale and hypothesis

The rationale of this study is to draw the relationship between two concepts such as word valence and the encoding type and their impact on the memory-recalling process. Word valance can develop certain positive emotions that assist people in maintaining their memorizing powers. Through this study, researchers are trying to develop a design for understanding the concepts of recalling processes through the reading of the likelihood through the encoding of the stimuli process. This study discusses the effects of encoding stimuli processes through word valence processes that suggest the researchers identify new information regarding these topics that assist the researchers in maintaining their overall research performances. The main problem of this study is discussing the positive emotions or positive sides of these topics that are not very helpful to any of the research. This study also does not include the challenges due to the absence of this type of word balance or negative emotional impacts on the human brain. This study is trying to integrate the concepts of emotional valence and depth processing which can help the researchers to identify the memorizing power through flashbulb memories and other attributes.  

Hypothesis                                      

1H- Words with positive valence will increase the number of correct responses to recall

2H- Emotional encoding will have a great effect on recall and will increase the number of correct responses

3H- Positive word valence and emotional encoding will have the greatest effect on the number of correct responses.

Results and findings

Descriptive statistics

Descriptive Statistics

 

N

Minimum

Maximum

Mean

Std. Deviation

Skewness

Kurtosis

Statistic

Statistic

Statistic

Statistic

Std. Error

Statistic

Statistic

Std. Error

Statistic

Std. Error

Randomise_questionnaire_elements

288

1

1

1.00

.000

.000

.

.

.

.

Response

288

1

16770

1544.39

219.014

3716.792

2.406

.144

4.856

.286

Question Key

288

1

6

3.50

.101

1.711

.000

.144

-1.270

.286

randomiser-ut3o

288

1

2

1.52

.029

.500

-.084

.144

-2.007

.286

Participant Private ID

288

7131949

7162085

7138814.31

415.226

7046.627

1.064

.144

.495

.286

Valid N (listwise)

288

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 1: Descriptive statistics

The specific descriptive tests have an emphasis on utilization through enhancing an explanation of the needy data along with the better requirement of checking the reliability and validity of the specific set of data. However, the mean value has to a considered by expressing the data with a particular value as the center numbers in the data. In case the various interceptions of statistics have effectiveness through the mean value of data. Moreover, the preferred mean value has the appearance of 1.00 for the random questionnaire, with respondents at 1544.39 with the question key by 3.0 as the central set of data. The standard deviation has an intermediate enhancement of dispersion in the provided data. Thus, it is seen that the question key and randomiser-ut30 have a value of +1.711 and +0.500 which shows a fluctuation in data such that it has no consistency in them.

Through this aspect of skewness, it is determined that it has an average value of +1 to -1. Thus, it is enhanced that the variable of the randomizer has a value of -0.85 which shows a moderately skewed value. On the other hand, the variable for participant private ID shows +1.064 which initiates a highly skewed distribution of the dataset and a positive outcome of the result.  However, the variable of response has an ad equation of value over 2.406 which intimate a highly skewed value that is not ideal for our research. On the other hand, Kurtosis has a better determination in the form of sequence regarding the data set that is light-tailed or heavy-tailed. In this case, the minimum range for Kurtosis lies between -3 and +3. Thus, the Kurtosis value over the variable of response is +4.856 which suggests that it has a highly positive distribution and is not a valid aspect of this research.

Descriptive Statistics

 

N

Minimum

Maximum

Mean

Std. Deviation

Skewness

Kurtosis

Statistic

Statistic

Statistic

Statistic

Statistic

Statistic

Std. Error

Statistic

Std. Error

positive_1

1842

0

37

11.44

16.724

.873

.057

-1.236

.114

Response

1131

3

54

41.21

5.864

-3.089

.073

13.422

.145

randomiser-ut3o

1842

38

38

38.00

.000

.

.

.

.

Valid N (listwise)

1131

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 2: Descriptive statistics 

Through this data, researchers are trying to identify the descriptive value results for positive emotion of their respective words' Valence concepts. In this case, kurtosis and skewness values show positive results because there are fewer in their optimal ranges which can help them to maintain the quality of their respective research projects. 

Descriptive Statistics

 

N

Minimum

Maximum

Mean

Std. Deviation

Skewness

Kurtosis

Statistic

Statistic

Statistic

Statistic

Statistic

Statistic

Std. Error

Statistic

Std. Error

age

48

18

69

36.98

9.901

1.439

.343

2.617

.674

positive

48

0

8

2.56

2.551

.771

.343

-.591

.674

neutral

48

0

8

2.10

2.243

.997

.343

.155

.674

Valid N (listwise)

48

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 3: Descriptive statistics

Through the above analysis, it is enhanced that there is an utmost value over standard deviation by +9.901 of the variable age with +2.551 as the variable positive which shows a highly standardized value. On the other hand, it is enhanced that the skewness has a minimum value between -1 and +1. However, there is the value of an ultimate variable over neutral +0.997 that shows a moderately skewed distribution and is highly emphasized throughout the study. Moreover, the average value of kurtosis has effectiveness in the form of -3 to +3 such as the specific variable of age having the value of +2.617 which has the desired association in the form of a highly appropriate range in value.

Q-Q plot

Q-Q plot

Q-Q plot

Figure 1: Q-Q plot

This figure shows the Q-Q plot of both physical and emotional descriptive statistics that assist the researcher in managing their business progress. Through this chart, researchers can compare the observed quintiles data and their distribution based on the different variables. These figures also show the stability of the response throughout every question suggesting they manage their project's performances. In this case, researchers took responses as variables and identified some points of symmetric nature which can improve the overall concepts of the projects.   

Regression

ANOVA

Model Summary

Model

R

R Square

Adjusted R Square

Std. Error of the Estimate

1

.130a

.017

.006

3704.884

a. Predictors: (Constant), Participant Private ID, Question_Key, randomizer-ut3o

Figure 2: ANOVA

The specific table has a statistical indication of the probability of a specific output value having significance through several collections of data. On the other hand, a specific p-value that has an average value of -0.05 has statistical significance. In this case, the Adobe table has a value of significance by +0.186 which has an identification of value higher than 0.05 and initiates a non-significance value. On the other hand, from the above dataset, it is enhanced that the higher amount of value over p has a non-significance appraisal through setting a non-perception of the valid data set. However, through the extension of interpretation, it is enhanced that df and F are used in the calculation of the p-value.

Coefficient

Coefficients

Model

Unstandardized Coefficients

Standardized Coefficients

t

Sig.

B

Std. Error

Beta

1

(Constant)

151178.527

224219.499

 

.674

.501

Question_Key

-267.968

127.831

-.123

-2.096

.037

randomiser-ut3o

-96.109

442.060

-.013

-.217

.828

Participant Private ID

-.021

.031

-.039

-.663

.508

a.Dependent Variable: Response

Figure 3: Coefficient

The deliberate strength of the coefficient has a dependence upon the sign of the scattered plots. However, the positive impact of correlation has significance in the form of an increase over the first variable towards the second variable rise. In case a formal negative coefficient indicates leading towards a rise in the first variable and a decrease in the second. Moreover, the above data set is enhanced through the preferred t-value which identifies the variable of the question key having -2.096 that initiates lower reliability over the research. On the other hand, the preferred variable of the participant's private ID is -0.663 which assesses positive reliability over the specific research.

 

Model

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

F

Sig.

1

Regression

66542132.620

3

22180710.873

1.616

.186b

Residual

3898230704.043

284

13726164.451

 

 

Total

3964772836.663

287

 

 

 

a. Dependent Variable: Response

b. Predictors: (Constant), Participant Private ID, Question Key, randomizer-ut3o

Table 5: ANOVA table

Through ANOVA stables, this study identified the p values of their respective projects such as 0 which also lies between the optimal ranges (<0.5) which can improve the whole concepts of their respective research projects.  In this case, researchers are choosing the positive1 as a variable developing the regression analysis to analyze their respective business approaches.

 

Model

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

F

Sig.

1

Regression

.668

3

.223

1.686

.184b

Residual

5.811

44

.132

 

 

Total

6.479

47

 

 

 

a. Dependent Variable: V1

b. Predictors: (Constant), positive, gender, type

Table 6:  ANOVA table with different variables

The specific table has a statistical indication of the preferred probability of a specific output interpretation having significance through various collections of data. On the other hand, a specific p-value has average data in the form of a value of -0.05 has statistical significance. In this case, the Adobe table has a value of significance by +0.184 which has an identification of value higher than 0.05 and initiates non-significance value through having effectiveness towards the study. On the other hand, from the above dataset, it is enhanced that the higher amount of value through p has a non-significance determination along with setting a non-perception of the valid data set. However, through the utmost interpretation of the given data, it is enhanced that df and F are used in the calculation of the p-value.

Correlations 

Correlation

Table 3: Correlation

This table shows the correlation values of the different variables to understand the relationships between the variables and concepts of their respective projects. In this case, the sample size is 48 which assists the researcher in managing their respective business approaches. Through this research project, researchers are trying to develop the relationships among their respective variables and concepts by checking the significant values that assist with research to manage the business approaches. These correlation coefficient ranges are -1 to +1 which helps them to establish the relationships between these variables. In this case, the researchers are taking the variables of responses and randomiser-u30, whose significant value is 0.9 which is less than +1. It means they can establish perfect ascending linear relations among each other. On the other hand, researchers are also observing the responses and the question key shows positive responses towards their respective research projects by showing values of 0.036 which lies in the optimal ranges of their respective research projects. These values go towards the 0 values which show no relationships between these factors that can affect their overall project performances and provide assistance to their researchers to generate the maximum impact through their respective projects. 

Correlations

 

positive_1

randomiser-ut3o

Response

positive_1

Pearson Correlation

1

.a

-.189**

Sig. (2-tailed)

 

.

.000

N

1842

1842

1131

randomiser-ut3o

Pearson Correlation

.a

.a

.a

Sig. (2-tailed)

.

 

.

N

1842

1842

1131

Response

Pearson Correlation

-.189**

.a

1

Sig. (2-tailed)

.000

.

 

N

1131

1131

1131

**. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).

a. Cannot be computed because at least one of the variables is constant.

Table 4: Correlation with positive 1 variables

These correlation tables show the responses and positive 1 values relation between the two variables. After analyzing the correlation coefficient values of their respective research projects, researchers identified that they have no relation between these two variables which can help them to manage the business approaches. Through this correlation analysis, it can be stated that based on positive 1 and response variables correlation values are the positive results for this research project.

Correlations based on respective dependent and independent variables

Table 5: Correlations based on respective dependent and independent variables

Through the definite correlation of the data sets, there is a determination of strength in two identical variables that are connected and are represented over a differentiation through two variables. However, the specific range of correlation coefficient has a -1 to +1. On the other hand, the indication of utmost variables such as type, gender, age, and the total has an enhancement towards the specific dataset. In this case, the value of significance has the amount of 0.272 which is lower than the 0.5 value which means it goes towards a perfect ascending linear relationship with the specific neutral value.

Discussion

The specific primary experimental research has a definite inclusion of SPSS analysis over a graphical interpretation of a formal complex data set. However, the testing of the hypothesis is evacuated by asking the relevant questions to the various participants in the form of age, demographic, gender, and others. In this case, most sample sets of data have a collected from several articles with experimental research by different authors of various regions. On the other hand, Stefanidi et al. (2018) mentioned in their study that the specific descriptive interpretation requires modification in the results with a high enhancement of aligning the definite conclusion. In case the extensive adoption of each of several studies by authors has a positive variance of 4-5 experiments. Through the specific hypothesis, H1 has an intermediate closer interpretation of the study with the desired evidential support. The facilitation of stimulus has an encoding through the previous studies that have an evidential emphasis over learning words.

On the other hand, through the further extension of studies, there is a measurement of a moderate rise in positive valence which can enhance the number of correct recalls on responses. However, there is an extension of enhancement in that the specific presentation in inputs has large results over parameters (Souza and Oberauer, 2018). Through the utmost association, of experiments on hypothesis one, there is pre-determined support by extensive memory transition for participants in the form of negative and positive. On the other hand, there is enlarged effectiveness over large memory for specific individuals in the continuation of an excessive mechanism of view.

During the initial stages of the research paper, researchers take the 3 hypotheses to analyze the relationships between the concepts and variables to analyze their projects and identify the different kinds of information. Due to getting negative results from the correlations tables and other areas, researchers are not able to accept the first hypothesis in their research or experiments. Due to this reason, they are moving on to the alternative hypothesis for generating the maximum output of the business (Simmonds et al. 2020). In the first case, the researcher's second hypothesis states that encoding correctness can assist the researcher in improving the whole concepts of their respective research projects. Through these respective correlation tables, researchers identified the negative results in their SPSS analysis process. Due to this reason, researchers cannot accept the second hypothesis. In this case, short-term memory can generate some confusion in their respective research that leads them towards a biased decision that affects them to control the quality of their respective research projects. Due to this reason, their data analysis process can also be compromised. 

After testing their second hypothesis, researchers can also check 3 hypotheses to conclude their respective research. The third hypothesis is trying to provide two variables to check the relationships between positive word valence and emotional coding. This analysis can also provide negative results for this research project.  However, their regression values and other attributes satisfy the optimal ranges of their respective results that assist the researchers in managing their business approaches (Pezdek et al. 2022). After analyzing the 3 hypotheses of this research, it has been observed that they are facing certain problems in their respective problems to manage their analyzing process due to certain issues in their data sets.

Conclusion

Through the specific study, there is intermediate conclusive evidence through the utmost persistence of word valence along with the type of encoding that has a further extension and effectiveness over recall. However, there is a definite enhancement of specific design that has an aim towards interrogating the subsequent paradigm and examination between the several aspects through the SPSS enhancement. On the other hand, the various results of the experimental primary data have an interpretation through a positive building of priority in studies over the different author's inferences. In case the solitary infringement of the specific results is rendering consisted data from the regression analysis and correlation in the form of descriptive statistics. Moreover, the findings from the above study have a contemporary inclusion of various hypotheses through the infringement of H1, H2, and H3. Thus, the improvement and affection of recall from the various participants are analyzed and interpreted towards the specific paper.

On the other hand, the several utmost data have no separation in supporting the future researchers over the particular study and cannot have imperative finalization. Furthermore, a deliberate extension of support towards increasing the conceptual literature has the main focus of the study in dealing with the different forms of facts and experiments. Apart from this, the positive results along with the indication of a specific semantic form of encoding have another synthesis of fertile ground with the fertile involvement of mechanisms and visualization of the dataset.

References

Bonasia, K., Sekeres, M.J., Gilboa, A., Grady, C.L., Winocur, G. and Moscovitch, M., 2018. Prior knowledge modulates the neural substrates of encoding and retrieving naturalistic events at short and long delays. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory153, pp.26-39.

Brainerd, C.J., Chang, M., Bialer, D.M. and Toglia, M.P., 2021. Semantic ambiguity and memory. Journal of Memory and Language121, p.104286. 

Hahn, M., Joechner, A.K., Roell, J., Schabus, M., Heib, D.P., Gruber, G., Peigneux, P. and Hoedlmoser, K., 2019. Developmental changes of sleep spindles and their impact on sleep?dependent memory consolidation and general cognitive abilities: A longitudinal approach. Developmental science22(1), p.e12706.

Jores, T., Colloff, M.F., Kloft, L., Smailes, H. and Flowe, H.D., 2019. A meta?analysis of the effects of acute alcohol intoxication on witness recall. Applied cognitive psychology33(3), pp.334-343.

King, C.I., Romero, A.S., Schacter, D.L. and St. Jacques, P.L., 2022. The influence of shifting perspective on episodic and semantic details during autobiographical memory recall. Memory, pp.1-13. 

Legrand, N., Engen, S.S., Correa, C.M.C., Mathiasen, N.K., Nikolova, N., Fardo, F. and Allen, M., 2021. Emotional metacognition: stimulus valence modulates cardiac arousal and metamemory. Cognition and Emotion35(4), pp.705-721.

Madan, C.R., Scott, S.M. and Kensinger, E.A., 2019. Positive emotion enhances association-memory. Emotion19(4), p.733. 

Pezdek, K. and Reisberg, D., 2022. Psychological myths about evidence in the legal system: How should researchers respond?. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition11(2), p.143.

Simmonds, L., Bellman, S., Kennedy, R., Nenycz-Thiel, M. and Bogomolova, S., 2020. Moderating effects of prior brand usage on visual attention to video advertising and recall: An eye-tracking investigation. Journal of Business Research111, pp.241-248. 

Souza, A.S. and Oberauer, K., 2018. Does articulatory rehearsal help immediate serial recall? Cognitive psychology107, pp.1-21. 

Stefanidi, A., Ellis, D.M. and Brewer, G.A., 2018. Free recall dynamics in value-directed remembering. Journal of Memory and Language100, pp.18-31. 

Wang, Y. and Gennari, S.P., 2019. How language and event recall can shape memory for time. Cognitive psychology108, pp.1-21. 

Yadav, S., Jain, A. and Singh, D., 2018, December. Early prediction of employee attrition using data mining techniques. In 2018 IEEE 8th International Advance Computing Conference (IACC) (pp. 349-354). IEEE. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/IADCC.2018.8692137

Yeung, R.C. and Fernandes, M.A., 2021. Divided attention at encoding or retrieval interferes with emotionally enhanced memory for words. Memory, 29(3), pp.284-297. DOI: 

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