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Issues In The Financial Management Of Information Systems

Introduction - Issues In The Financial Management Of Information System

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Management of IS ethical and social issues is important for organisations today

In recent times, organisations are merely developing and carrying on business operations with a matrix organisational structure. As per the view of Alt et al. (2018), the information system (IS) application has made remarkable changes in the business premises. It enables ethical and social views including the profit-earning aspects of the firm. Ethical components increase the brand image or reputation of the business. This image or reputation is made by the information system which is adopted by the firm to carry on the business functions. A firm which is having a good reputation in the business market has enough potential to manage and retain their customer, suppliers, and product quality. As opined by Barr and McClellan (2018), different departments in the organisation enable the smooth flow of work without any conflicts. Nowadays many firms use the proper organisational structure to manage their work and maintain an accurate work environment in the segment.

In this, the ethical and social components play a vital role where a firm carries on its business operation by evaluating its ethical and social purpose. As stated by Bekh et al. (2019), the workers or the employees of the organisations who are hardworking, ethically positive, honest, and driven in their work-life with principles enable ethics in the company. The social issues can be also dealt with by this kind of positive behaviour. Maintaining the social responsibility oath the firm resembles the “integrity of society and the environment is protected”. As mentioned by Chang et al. (2020), the decisions related to the business are mainly taken by ensuring the social, profitable and ethical components. This is to avoid the conflicts and unethical behaviour of the firm in damaging the social and ethical components. 

Issues in IS of the organizations show the inefficiency of the firm in managing its work. The main causes behind the mismanagement are bad decisions, poor business environment and bad leadership ethics (Ismagilova et al. 2019). If the company's authority is not well informed or skilled then the firm will generally generate low efficiency for its output.

Summary of "hard", rational IS management best practice

Rational information systems show the focus of the organisation on accomplishing its goals. As stated by Muruganantham and Arun (2021), the goals are clearly stated at the initial stages and the managers and the employers participate in all of the work and opportunities in maintaining their job quality. The ethics in rational IS shows the intrinsic sense of what is right and wrong with the employee's morality in relation to the work. Employees' concise and ethical values enable an effective information system, where the workers are differentiated among the workforce as per their ability. As per the author Roblek et al. (2018), IS is basically related to the “formal, sociotechnical, organizational system designed to collect, process, store”, and distribution of the financial information in the company. This process enables clear information related to each financial element such as budget, revenues, reports, and expenses.

Hard management practices imply four parts. All four parts are shows the effective communication between the employees and their seniors (Safta et al. 2020). The combinations of the four factors which imply the hard management aspects are as follows.

  • Duration
  • Integrity
  • Commitment
  • Effort


The abovementioned factors enable firms to run their operations at the best level to gain better outputs in the coming future. As per the view of Smith et al. (2018), these are the hurdles that create many differences in completing the business work. Hard factors determine the outcome of many change problems which are inherited during the work cycle or project cycle of the firm. Visionary leadership is the main element where these hard features are easily finished by applying suitable business strategies. This ensures that the company's deals in large units must go through these hard elements to ensure safety and profitable outcomes. As stated by Stahl et al. (2022), long-term management projects need an ethical, confident and skilled leader to get better outcomes from the project in the state duration. However, the unethical parts resume negative repercussions in managing the business elements.

Integrity among the employees shows flawless works dimensions where the firms are getting major sources of advantage to run their businesses at a high range. A high range of quality employees must be free by the company to ensure the “best staff while making sure that day-to-day operations don’t falter”. This show the efficiency of the firm in making suitable changes to adopt a new version of IS to make accurate units or products in near future. As per the author Cooper et al. (2018), the goals of the company can be “identified by establishing the general goal” which discovers the business objectives to get completed. In the context of hard laments in the management system, many firms use Evidence-based management to eliminate the risk factors which hinder the business process. If the negative aspects such as bias and conflict are not removed from the firm then the positive outcomes won't interfere in a proper way.

Exhaustion and the biased nature of IS make the changes in the management of the firm. This causes losses to a great extent and enables the firm to ensure more facilities to generate profitable outcomes for the firm. In the contrast to the hard management practice, the social and ethical components are neglected to generate the profitability and brand image of the firm. As per the view of Litoriya et al. (2021), this ensures a greater reputation and implies sales learning or achieving the stated organisational goals. Moreover, it can be said that rational management practice has a better place than hard management aspects as rationale implies effective decisions which induce the ethical and social components. The hard elements ignore all the other business components in a large manner. Inner drive states the biological and psychological changes in the employees who are liable to overcome the circumstances to manage their work. 

Key challenges in developing and transitional economics

Transitional economies refer to those countries that adopt macroeconomic factors to manage their economy in a better way. Macroeconomic factors are inflation, fiscal policies, employment, national income and industrial production. In spite of these factors, the companies and the production management have to bear many challenges that need to be reduced. This is because these challenges make the firm inefficient in dealing with the there business operations or events. Structural transitions affect the economic factors in transitional economies. The issues are “human capital inadequacies, foreign currency gap and capital flight, and ethnic and religious conflict” shows the ineffective management of the transitional economies. The transitions in these elements make huge changes in developing nations. Developing nations imply various changes in their economies in a flexible venture. The transition from a “centrally planned economy to a market economy” shows the lack of industrial sector and structures in the developing economy.

Soaring debt and development strategies

The lack of entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship in developing nations resembles the issue of the lack of funds and revenue to generate more human capital and economical factors for the firm. Spring debt implies less inefficient capital formations where the debt is increasing with each advanced level of implementation of the latest technique. As opined by Bassey and Owan (2019), the implementations of skilled entrepreneurs are difficult to find in a developing nation. It can also be stated that the firm operated in developing nations must be large or medium-sized. The small size firm may get a negative influence because of rising taxes and expenses in the production units. Business development or enhancement strategies are the core techniques that are mandatorily required for the growth and expansion of the firm. For this skilled entrepreneurs are evacuated for the completion of work and business events.


Mainly there are various challenges that are faced by the transitional economies. The obstacles are “behavioural, political, socio-cultural, economic, and technical”. Each issue is defined in a different way to get real examples to showcase the inefficiency of the Companys operating in the developing nations. These issues are rectified by adopting various strategies and rules that are stated by different nations.

Behavioural challenges

Behaviours represent the psychological changes in the leaders as well as the employees of the firm. Changes in behaviours emerge various implications in raising the revenues and funds for the form in developing nations. The changes in the leaders and the owners including the managerial behaviour towards the firm or a work enable the negative results. The unwillingness and aggressive behaviour imply negative results in all events. Therefore it is said that the leaders of the owners should be highly skilled in magged their human aspects and the psychological behaviours in confronting the issues at current places. Attention seeking and inefficient imaging of the social relationship show the changes that can lead to negative outcomes from the economic events of the developing nations. 

Political challenges

Changes in political scenarios in the developing nation imply changes in various policies regarding business and infrastructural development. Democratic nations and other kinds of nations imply different economic reforms or strategies to expand their business from one country to another. In the context of developing nations and the political parties or the government is not democratic or supportive of the growth. The company apple faces “anti-competitive behaviour and rash litigation” for its unethical sales productions. Then it is difficult for the entrepreneur to grow their business in the long run. These show negative prospects for the firm as well as for the entrepreneurs. The authoritativeness and the democratic nations show the issues that can be confronted with the organisations of developing nations.

A lack of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurs

Socio- cultural

Social and cultural barriers are associated with facilitating the monopoly of the business as it visualizes certain challenges for the competitors of the country. A wide range of consumers start with consuming the goods for the same organization as it visualizes a huge impact into the overall performance appraisal of the business. As opined by Fan et al. (2019), the maintenance of the ethical code and change in maintaining the patterns of the business is said to be one of the difficult perspectives of the business. The maintenance of the critical business factors and development of the financial tactics need to be maintained as it is associated with developing the operational schemes and sustainable information management system within the businesses. The cultural challenges related with entrepreneurship are observed as the several financial factors and the legacy of the stabilized performance into the ethical factors are evaluated as facing the sustainable impact into the business.


The economic challenges of the entrepreneurs into transitional economics can be considered as the companies within the developed countries need to be maintained and that need to be evaluated. As narrated by Skare and Rocho? (2019), the effective utilization of the business techniques need to be evaluated that can be evaluative in nature. The main perspective of the business is to collect the sustainable amount of the funds as it is not the right perspective to improve the structural factors within the country. Construction of the financial scenario and utilization of the business status need to be maintained to develop the sustainable business strategies of a company. The economic factors have played a major role in developing the financial performances as well as improving the sustainable business strategies of the company within the stipulated period of time. The classification of the managerial techniques and considering the financial requirements has played a crucial impact into the economic development of the entrepreneurs as well as entrepreneurship in a real world organization.


The application of innovation and creativity has played a critical role in developing the financial activities of the financial strategies of the business. The projection of the business techniques and utilization of the financial scheme is said to be evaluative in nature and it has a huge impact into the financial development of the business. As believed by Vo (2018), the improvisation of the business techniques and the application of the effective technologies are not required to maintain the financial development of the business. The technical factors and the financial prospects need to be maintained as it helps in maintaining the technological strategic impact within the business as to improve the financial condition of a business. The advanced countries have the facility to maintain the improvisation into the financial schemes and operational factors of their organization. Meanwhile, it is not possible for the countries which are economically weak to implement sustainable strategies into their organizations.

Addressing these two challenges as a hybrid manager in IS management

Problems faced in analyzing, storing and searching the data

One of the major problems that the hybrid manager faces within the business is that the business policies and strategic factors need to be considered with the business. The role of the hybrid manager within the IS management is to recruit the employees and train them based on the demand of the company. It is not possible for their management authority is to change the recruiting pattern of the business as they recruit the employees at a stretch and groom them based on the needs of the organization (Sergi, 2020). Increase in the demand of the manpower into the IS management the organization recruits a stipulated nu8mber of employees within a fixed period of time. The management of the managerial techniques and the business policies is required as it can help in making the financial activities growth and specific utilization of the business.

There are certain amendments into the information system that have been observed as it played a huge impact into the overall smoothly running of the whole department. The managerial system concentrates a simple process which will help in making successful competition of the searching, analyzing and the storing of the data. As opined by Longoria (2018), the hybrid manager faces the problem in their professional work whenever the operational department in the IS management system changes their strategy to estimate the financial activities of the business. The maintenance of the business techniques and financial activities need to be maintained as it facilitated in developing the financial activities of the organization. The hybrid manager cannot be able to change the pattern they are following in giving the recruitment of the employees within the business as they hold the policies that can be able to maintain the financial activities of the organization.

The maintenance of the rules and regulation of the organization is said to be one of the main aspects within the business procedures. Implementation of the strategic activities and development of the sustainable schemes are required to be maintained as it can help in developing the overall potentiality of the business (Marinko et al. 2021). The maintenance of the business activities and the managerial procedures has played a critical impact into the financial growth of the business as well as paying its role in utilizing the financial processes of the organization. The hybrid manager of IS management has faced several issues on the part of giving the proper training to the employees of the business. Evaluation of the sustainable business activities and making projections within the business based on the financial developmental aspects of the organization are helping in making a strange impact in developing the performance level of the managerial procedures of the organization as well.

The principles of IS management are directly connected to each other as it is not possible for a business to utilize the operational efficiencies of the hybrid manager to train the employees with a specific period of time within the help of using the financial volume of the business. The adequate changes and the alternation into the financial schemes need to be followed. It can play a strategic impact in uplifting the overall managerial skills of the employees. As discussed by Žurovec and Vedeld (2019), the overall changes and the change into the planning strategies of the organization make a sustainable impact in evaluating the financial prospects and the financial systems of the business. The production of the necessary data and information are considered as the valid factors that can be able to be implemented for the purpose of maintaining the ethical issues of the organization.

Providing integrated services on information system development and its implementation 

The system requires certain tools and techniques to be followed by the hybrid management and it is not possible for the hybrid manager to consider the integrated services as per the demand of the organization. As believed by Suleiman et al. (2021), the changes into the financial techniques and the procedures that are the business observed should need to be maintained critically to utilize the overall financial patterns and techniques into the IS management system. There are several problems that are totally related with the financial facts and the procedures that played a decent impact into the managerial concerns. The effective visualization of the project management principles need to be followed for the purpose of making sustainable implementation of the overall project management development factors. However, the project management factors and the sustainable issues are contradictory to each other. The changes into the business technique and the financial development procedures need to be followed.

The approach that the hybrid managers are following are said to be contradictory on a basis and the technical factors and the effectiveness of the business factors are helped in maintaining the financial scenarios of the business. The changes of the integrated services and the financial schemes have to be maintained that are associated with improving the overall technological factors and schemes of the IS management (Nahod and Matuhina, 2019). The selection of the measures and the policies taken by the hybrid managers should need to be directly indulged with the accounting principles as it is not used to be considered as effective in evaluating the overall business management strategies of the organization. The improvisation of the financial scheme and development of the financial factors has played a massive impact into the recruitment process of the organization. The projection of the business strategies are being harmed within the organization as well as the management information system is also affected within the business.

As idealized by Adler (2019), the other effective issue that the hybrid managers observed is related with the job satisfaction as the total work pressure is too much as the rate or return of the organization is not adequate. The operational activities of the IS management is associated with the creativity and innovation of the procedures as it helped in maintaining the proper financial schemes and the development of the business within the policies of the business factors. The classification of the financial prospects and the evaluation of the managerial concerns need to pay some more concerns that is related with the IS management.

The maintenance of the basic concerns and the financial activities of the business activities need to be implemented. It helped in utilizing to maintain the maintenance of the crucial factors into the organization (Fan et al. 2019). The changes into the managerial systems that can be evaluative in nature and changes visualize immense pressure to the hybrid manager. At the same point of time, the appearance of the ethical dilemma within the organization are said to have played a massive role in reducing the interconnection and interdependence among the various departments of the teams of the hybrid managers. The classification of the business issues and the appearance of the social issues within the business at a time creates certain challenges within the operational systems of the IS management.

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