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Realization of the objectives needs and systematic plan and careful implementation. The application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques in h project situation would refer to project management. Project management in the recent year has been proliferated overreaching the newer heights of sophistication. More profoundly, it has emerged in recent years and has been multiplied by practices (San Cristóbal et al., 2018). It is to meet the challenges of the new commercial situation, globalization process, and record knowledge. Further, In general, a project is a new endeavor with a clearly stated purpose that is difficult to describe precisely. A project is a one-time action that produces a unique thing, product, or outcome. The project report will deal with the feasibility of the assessment of the practicality of the proposed plan or the project.
Aims- The project aims to identify the feasibility of “East-West Rail” and the importance of rail in the long term in providing economic growth and jobs while building a sustainable transport system.
Scope- According to “East-West Rail” Company, the vast rail megaproject is divided into four key enterprises that will be completed in three stages:
“East-West Rail’s improved real estate value will significantly lower travel costs and times between various college and university campuses, while also producing around 1,500 jobs and decreasing pollution and traffic.
The project will mainly unlock the economic growth across central England and provide the residents with a safer and more reliable rail service.
(Source: Pomfret, 2019)
A feasibility study looks at all aspects of a project to see if it has a possibility of succeeding, including financial, technical, legal, and scheduling considerations. The initiative’s scope, cost, and net profit, as well as if the effort earned enough money or client sales, all go into whether a plan is viable. A feasibility report for the “East-West Rail”, on the other hand, isn’t simply for companies wanting to figure out how much profit they can make. In other words, depending on the sector and the project’s objectives, realistic might mean different things for making this project a feasible one (Aklilu and Necha, 2018).
Feasibility analysis needs for “East-West Rail” will stimulate economic growth across England by creating a stronger and more dependable connection between neighboring regions. Reduce reliance on automobiles for transportation, lowering emissions, and assist the same country in meeting its long-term gross objectives in the Oxford-Cambridge corridor, particularly in Cambridge’s ‘Silicon Fen’ sector. Why Improve freight movement between Eastern and Western England to reduce traffic congestion in London by reducing the number of cars on the road.
Before this “East-West Rail” is feasible enough on the ground it must have a strategic plan that could be needed to be introduced. This project will question
Feasibility studies in the Central section of SWR have been progressing in three. The first phase will be managed by the EWRC. While the phases 2a and 2b are been delved by the Network Rail.
Moreover, the NRS currently would to the communication stakeholder management for a dedicated communication team which has been attached with the teams. EWR is a process of becoming more visible on the path of communication and stakeholders’ management function that will more over the time from the team to EWR (Wo?niak And Wereda, 2018). Further, in the first six months of the Financial year of 2019 and 2020 was forced that the status of the stakeholders and communication will be denied for the full path of involving channels, approach, tools, and resourcing. It will be implemented is trying for the central section.
The activities and outcomes from the work to date are presented in this section.
In August 2014, the EWRC conducted an initial assessment to see if there was a reason for investing in the “East-West Rail” - Central Section (EWR-CS), which resulted in the drafting of a Conditional Output Statement (COS). The COS is a set of preliminary economic analyses that shows why linking the urban areas along the EWR-CS line is justified. Further,the research looks at the financial advantages of enhancing train travel among locations without assuming anything about selected routes or rail networks (Wo?niak And Wereda, 2018).
Further, during the development, the Conditional output of the EWRC decides the following set of strategic objectives which are particular to the SWRC-CS business case and also it will align the network rail’s longer-term planning criterion.
Moreover, it improves Atlantic public transportation interconnection; enhances “East-West Rail” links to boost economic growth, wealth, and employment in the “South-East of Britain”. provide faster, more dependable, as well as additional rail links from the west to Cambridge, Norwich, and Ipswich; improve multi and commuter journey times and reliability by maintaining and enhancing commuter travel functionality (Rossi and Sekhposyan, 2019).
The Outcomes also signify the Feasibility study of EWR as According to the initial study, an EWR-CS system that offered the service specification matched to conditional outputs may generate enough benefits to pay the capital cost of the plan. “EWR-CS” provides the potential to expand a Strategic Freight System’s capacity to handle the expected growth of multimodal and bulk rail transportation. In addition, the passenger and freight EWR Operation Scenarios were requested by the COS. As a result, early estimates for an “Outline Business Case” based on computer technology, as required by the Department for Transport, may be developed.
As part of its Long-Term Strategic Planning, the Department of Transportation asked Network Rail to take the UK lead on EWR-CS development activities in July 2014. (LTPP). The LTPP evaluates the railway’s contribution to the UK economy and makes recommendations for how to satisfy future train market demands (Rakhmangulov et al., 2018).
While collecting proposals for additional rail services and providing investment options over the next thirty years Network Rail applauded the improvement in COS conditional output and promised to look into methods to improve it. They mirrored the Network Rail LTPP’s decision.
When it comes to railroad infrastructure upkeep, the rail industry places a premium on the abilities of The following techniques might be used to demonstrate how the following benefits could be realized will fall under the category of challenges of their project.
(Source: Rogers, 2019)
The areas of uncertainty for the assessment of the selected corridor would involve the engineering and environmental aspects of the intervention that is required for the corridor. But therein lies both the problem and the opportunity: although the increased connection is critical to realizing Heartland’s economic promise, we already know that a big infrastructure initiative will alter the public image of our region. Traveling from one side of the wall to the other in about a minute (compared to three hours via London) may stimulate new travel patterns, but it also underlines fundamental issues with the franchise map’s long-term suitability. It also contends that while designing other aspects of the transportation system, we should consider the impact of “East-West Rail” on future passenger counts (Cowen, 2020).
As a result, our colleagues at Tremendous Simulations received a well-deserved accolade at the recent smarter cities awards, which thrilled “England’s Economic Heartland”. When combined with regional data, our policy scenario model allows us and our partners to plan the deployment of a fully integrated transportation network based on evidence-based innovations. Further, it needs to be in the strongest possible position to make the case for highway infrastructure investment in the Heartland and throughout the UK before the Budget Review later this year.
New challenges ESW has faced are
In June 2015 it swapped the north to south London line project for the new “East-West Rail” line and which is now under construction is known as Crossrail, The project has the £14 billion project which was in doubt as it has been cornered the transport for London largest infrastructure challenge to date (Bruno, Horvat and Raffaele, 2018).
Next, challenges would be the project manager was repealed now that the tunneling work is being associated with heavy civil engineering has been successful considered has moved on to the venue larger project. The sheer volume of technical challenges were also been considered for EWR.
The tunnel and stations will require new power supplies, as well as signaling and production planning. These are the issues that Crossrail is presently facing, and prior expertise in this field qualifies him for this position.
The challenges in crowder an ever-growing city where the site development is rising to sought after. Further, the role of the are changing constantly, as that would mobile away from being not just the point of transit but are reimagined as of commerce, recreation, and real as largest challenge sin the EWR construction extension (Bruno, Horvat and Raffaele, 2018).
To mitigate the rail vibration
- Vibration reduction may be a major worry in ensuring the viability of being over structures, depending on the intended purpose. Wherever possible, this should be done just at the source of the vibrations, the rear axle interfaces, however, this is not always possible in adjacent or air rights projects where the terminal is not involved in the development, or owing to economic reasons (Ouakka, Verlinden and Kouroussis, 2022).
(Source: Ouakka, Verlinden and Kouroussis, 2022)
Utilize any existing piles.
-Existing piling can also be used for new construction, saving money and ensuring the program’s long-term viability. Removing old heaps from the earth can be difficult, and doing so could cause too much environmental damage to justify the creation of public piling. Validating the validity and lengths of recent huge amounts may be done via back calculations and semi-testing. When this data is coupled with the results of both tests, it is possible to determine how much mass the current piles can transport in the future and whether new piles are required where the current infrastructure allows for heavier loads (Lei et al., 2020).
Examine the new load’s influence on existing infrastructure.
-New weights pumped into the ground through the footing of a skyscraper may cause settlement or heave movements. Because even little changes in rail alignment can create an increase in vibration, knowing when and how these changes occur, as well as how significant they are, is crucial.
With an overfill that incorporates both new and old foundations, there will be uneven settling. It is thoroughly investigated during the planned construction process, which frequently entails decreasing building pressures during demolition and then raising them after construction.
Separate the railroad and development operations.
-Overdevelopment must not interfere with railway operations, and this requirement will influence building methods and planning. Permanent or temporary barriers might be used to separate construction from the train station. A crashing deck is frequently utilized while working over a rail line because it allows construction to proceed without the worry of equipment, components, or material falling onto the tracks (Muratori, 2018).
Although an intermediate catastrophe deck can be built, an investigation may indicate that the present structures are adequate. To offer the needed levels of protection, permanent works might be erected for new over-station installations.
Uncertainty with the station nodes at Bedford, two of the six potential station node options has been recognized as having greater advantages. The two alternatives were always “Bedford South (Wi2) Hitchin Alignment and Bedfordshire and Bedford Parkway Station”. The agenda makers decided that the second option, with its new consistent standard, was the best. The parkland station north of Bedford, which connects the EWR-CS and the “Midland Main Line (MML)”, provided the greatest options (Muratori, 2018). Moreover, shorter east-west travel times account for a substantial portion of the economic advantages. This is also a possible alternative. Furthermore, it is more suited to a wider range of corridors than other techniques such as “C1, C2, D, M1, and M2”. The only rooms that are allowed are C2 and M2.
Our readers will not be surprised to learn that major infrastructure projects in the Home counties are contentious. While the government continues to support HS2, local governments along the route have been vocal in their opposition to the project, citing environmental and economic issues. “Furthermore, following intense criticism from MPs and councilors in the Oxford to Cambridgeshire Arc”, “the Department of Transportation decided to halt the University to Cambridge Rail project in March of this year”. Even with widespread support, infrastructure projects cannot be guaranteed to be finished on schedule. All of this is demonstrated by Crossrail, which was supposed to open in December 2018 but was delayed (Milillo et al., 2018).
“The Midland Main Line (MML), the East Coast Main Line (ECML), the Sherith Branch (SBR), the Cambridge to Hitchin West Anglia Main Line (WAML), and the Bletchley to Bedford (BBM) or Marston Vale Line are some of the current rail networks in the EWR-CS region”. Moreover, For the “DoSomething” and “Do-Minimum” scenarios, the capabilities of each existing line were analyzed under current conditions and compared to EWR- 46’s additional investments. Corridor H2 may have required railway tracks just on MML between a specified station in Bedford and a specific station in Luton.
Next, the limitation for this would be the EWR constitution would be “According to the MML Development Schedule (DTT) in 2020”, three to four pathways may be available, but their timeframes are set, therefore they would determine the EWR-CS schedule. Recognizing that this limitation would impede the development of an efficient approach (Chen et al., 2019).
EWR-CS and Network Rail looked at signaling innovations and the possibility of a proposed network. With enhanced infrastructure, including 6-tracking and a digital railroad with higher capacity (Multimedia Markup Language) However, it has been demonstrated that these strategies are rarely sufficient. The EWR-CS services will function in tandem with existing and upcoming MML services. For Corridor D and H2, ECML connections would be required, and an initial analysis revealed that ECML availability would be restricted.
All main roads on the affected lines were to be blocked and rebuilt with grade-separated crossings during the Phase 2a studies. This was due to the increased station frequency of the anticipated EWR-CS trains (“applicable to Corridors D, M1, M2, and N”), as well as the long periods when the wall would be closed. More traffic congestion and a decrease in safety would occur.
The SBR Cambridge Extension has been put on hold because of the time difference between fast and tractor-trailer service (“19 minutes vs. 30 minutes”), which itself is exacerbated by three stops within a single 3-mile segment and the necessity for a freight lane. Due to varying train rates and stopping patterns, the line rate of a twin-track railway is decreased, and experimental capacity modeling suggests that now the railway between “Foxton and Melded” will need to be quadrupled to tracks to maintain the level and mix of activities (Di Gironimo, and Grazioso, 2021).
The timeframe for this EWR construction is lined with an investment in infrastructure, the continent will time the post-completion of the plan. Next, it will also involve the ability at Oxford station and the availability of paths onto the West Station and the availability of the path on the West Coast mainline for tit process Milton Keynes services. Consequently, the network rail is also collaborating with the sector for ensuring the delivery of the robust working timetable by looking at the operational and timetable resolution for the addition of the proposed infrastructure improvements (Overbeek et al., 2022).
EWR is expected to provide the cost for reporting the DFT on a periodical basis ad it outlies a summary of the breakdown forth “Anticipated Final Cost” and the performance which is against the baseline of the budget. The program is constantly working towards finalizing the target cost and is likely to the competition by September 2019.
Hence to conclude, An strong governance structure was being put forward in the pals if Wester section of the program for this work, It is the principle that would be for enable the EWR. The projected sum is up to the “East-West Rail” project which is intended to provide the strategic rail corridor for connecting the “East Anglia with Central, southern and western England”. Further, Both the Department for Transport (DfT) and Network Rail support EWR. User organization is provided by the “East-West Rail” Consortium (EWRC), a group of residents and businesses interested in the company because it promotes transportation between “East Anglia and the Midlands”. Milton is a local to the developing area of the southern Midlands. The consortium’s membership may be found between Oxford and Norwich/Ipswich, the EWR has a corridor. Aylesbury, Milton Keynes, Bedford, and Cambridge are all easily accessible by car. The following components make up EWR and are at various phases of development. “Between Oxford and Bedford, as well as Aylesbury, is the Western Section”. This path must be improved. From Oxford Parkway to London, a committed strategy and train. “Bicester Village to Marylebone, with Bedford linkages to come”. Between the western end of the EWR and Cambridge, where there is now a station There was little remaining rail equipment when the historic Varsity Line was closed in 1967. An operational unit is situated on the Eastern Section, which runs between Cambridge and Norwich and Ipswich.
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Aklilu, A. and Necha, T., 2018. Analysis of the spatial accessibility of addis Ababa’s light rail transit: The case of East–West corridor. Urban rail transit, 4(1), pp.35-48.
Lan, H., Zhang, N., Li, L., Tian, N., Zhang, Y., Liu, S., Lin, G., Tian, C., Wu, Y., Yao, J. And Peng, J., 2021. Risk analysis of major engineering geological hazards for Sichuan-Tibet Railway in the phase of feasibility study. Journal of Engineering Geology, 29(2), pp.326-341.
Wo?niak, J. And Wereda, W., 2018. Premises Of Using Information And Communication Technologies (Icts) In Communication With Stakeholders: Risk Management Perspective. Hyperion International Journal of Econophysics & New Economy, 11(2).
Rossi, B. and Sekhposyan, T., 2019. Alternative tests for correct specification of conditional predictive densities. Journal of Econometrics, 208(2), pp.638-657.
Rakhmangulov, A., S?adkowski, A., Osintsev, N., Kopylova, O. and Dyorina, N., 2018. Sustainable development of transport systems for cargo flows on the East-West direction. In Transport Systems and Delivery of Cargo on East–West Routes (pp. 3-69). Springer, Cham.
Rogers, S., 2019. China, Hungary, and the Belgrade-Budapest railway upgrade: New politically-induced dimensions of FDI and the trajectory of Hungarian economic development. Journal of East-West Business, 25(1), pp.84-106.
Cowen, D., 2020. Following the infrastructures of empire: Notes on cities, settler colonialism, and method. Urban Geography, 41(4), pp.469-486.
Bruno, L., Horvat, M. and Raffaele, L., 2018. Windblown sand along railway infrastructures: A review of challenges and mitigation measures. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 177, pp.340-365.
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Lei, M., Lin, D., Huang, Q., Shi, C. and Huang, L., 2020. Research on the construction risk control technology of shield tunnel underneath an operational railway in sand pebble formation: a case study. European journal of environmental and civil engineering, 24(10), pp.1558-1572.
Muratori, M., 2018. Impact of uncoordinated plug-in electric vehicle charging on residential power demand. Nature Energy, 3(3), pp.193-201.
Milillo, P., Giardina, G., DeJong, M.J., Perissin, D. and Milillo, G., 2018. Multi-temporal InSAR structural damage assessment: The London crossrail case study. Remote Sensing, 10(2), p.287.
Chen, D., Ni, S., Xu, C.A. and Jiang, X., 2019. Optimizing the draft passenger train timetable based on node importance in a railway network. Transportation Letters, 11(1), pp.20-32.
Di Gironimo, G. and Grazioso, S., 2021. The DTT device: Preliminary remote maintenance strategy. Fusion Engineering and Design, 172, p.112762.
Overbeek, K.A., Goggins, M.G., Dbouk, M., Levink, I.J., Koopmann, B.D., Chuidian, M., Konings, I.C., Paiella, S., Earl, J., Fockens, P. and Gress, T.M., 2022. Timeline of development of pancreatic cancer and implications for successful early detection in high-risk individuals. Gastroenterology, 162(3), pp.772-785.
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