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Sociology Health Promotion And Health Education

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Introduction - Sociology Health Promotion And Health Education

Health promotion refers to the increased control of other people over their health in order to improve their health. However, this is not limited to the health care of individuals. It goes beyond this. Health promotion is very important for the group of people in society. However, health promotion is directly related to health education. In order to promote health within a certain group of people, health education must be provided to the people. People are not educated about certain diseases or health care problems; they cannot take proper care regarding that disease. Hence, according to Szmyd, et al. (2021) health education is very important for the improvement of healthcare facilities. Health care assistants or HCAs are very helpful for home health care. Hence, it can be said that health promotion and health education can be very important for them, especially during the COVOID-19 pandemic.

Szmyd, et al. (2021), has also talked about the health care education of health assessments. This was a cross-sectional study among the health care workers. The study was conducted in Poland. The aim of the study is to understand the attitude of healthcare workers towards SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination. The result of the study showed that the percentage of healthcare workers who wanted to tackle the Covid 19 vaccine was not satisfactory. Hence, from the above discussion, it can be said that health education among healthcare assistants is not satisfactory.

Hence, from the above discussion, it can be said that health education among healthcare service providers is very important for a better quality of treatment (Kroezen, et al. 2018). Health promotion leaflets can be very helpful to promote health care education among HCAs.

BRAUN’s analysis

Benefits: this will be very helpful to promote healthcare education among healthcare workers or assistants. However, if health education is spread among the health workers, the treatment quality can be improved.

Risks: some health care assistants may not have the enthusiasm to have an education. They might feel that they need no health care education as they are working as healthcare assistants. The risk of Covid 19 will be increased.

Alternatives: not only the healthcare assistants but also the patients must have proper knowledge of Covid 19.

Unknowns: Factors that may influence the workers to remain unenthusiastic to get health-related education, is needed. This is very important to know why the healthcare workers are not interested in having knowledge about healthcare education and why the lack of it occurs among the workers.

Consequences of doing nothing on this problem: if no step is taken to overcome this problem, the quality of healthcare cannot be improved. The patient cannot get the pepper treatment by the health care assistants. Hence, the risk of being contaminated due to Covid-19 infarction has been increased.

Health promotion

Covid 19 is a disease caused by coronavirus. Hence, it can be said that the number of Covid cases can be increased due to contamination. Health care assistants can play vital role in-home health care services. However, due to this pandemic, the health care assistants must be aware of their safety. If they are not aware of this contamination, people who are taking health care home services from them can be in more danger. The risks of contamination will be increased. Hence, the HCAs must be careful about the disease. There are several cases of Covid-19, were contaminated through HCAs (Rossi, et al. 2020). This is a clear indication that HCAs have to be careful and aware of this viral disease.

In this leaflet, several interventions regarding the promotion of health education have been discussed. This can be helpful to improve the quality of treatment. Covid 19 is one of the most important factors to discuss. The contamination of this disease can be very dangerous if the health care assistants are not aware of this disease. Hence, the HCAs must be very careful about this disease and have proper knowledge of Covid 19 in order to reduce the contamination of this virus.

Theoretical principles: several theoretical models and principles have been involved in this health education intervention.

  • Health Belief Model: this is one of the most important models to promote health care activities and reduce the risk of disease. This is equally applicable for short as well as long-term interventions. The first step is to gather information about the health education related to Covid 19 among the HCAs. From this information, it can be said that the patients, as well as the health care assistants, are at risk of Covid 19 (Newman and Lattouf, 2020). The next step is to convey the consequences of the infection of Covid 19. After that, it is very important to communicate with the target population. In this case, the target is HCAs. They must have awareness regarding the Covid 19 infection.

Distribution process

The strategy that can be taken for the distribution of the leaflets can be the distribution of the leaflets to the medical centres by their distributor team who are included in this project. The direct distribution of the leaflets to the patients and the visitors to the hospitals and medical centres will be able to spread the information off the covid-19 directly to the people (AlAteeq et al. 2020).

Two other interventions

Other interventions regarding health education of the HCAs related to Covid-19 disease may include,

Instagram account: Instagram is one of the most popular social media nowadays. The awareness about covid 19 disease can be spread very easily and fast using this social media. HCAs can get important information about the disease while using this mobile application. Hence, they do not have to make time for awareness camps; they can access Instagram in their free time.

Poster competition: poster competition is another method of intervention. A competition regarding poster making can be organized. This competition will aim to spread information about Covid 19 (Bassi, et al. 2021). Such competitions are very helpful to spread awareness as many people can take part in this competition and hence, innovation can be seen in the posters created by the participants. Thus, the posters become very attractive and for that reason, information can spread easily among the target group.


Health education is very important to spread awareness regarding health care/. However, Cover 19 is one of the major problems in recent years. In this assignment, the target group is HCAs. The major aim of the assignment is to spread awareness among the target population. It is very important for the HCAs to have knowledge about the disease. If they do not have information or awareness about Covid 19, the patients may be infected through the HCAs. According to some studies, it has been seen that medical workers in Poland do not want to take covid 19 vaccines. This is due to a lack of awareness of the recurring Covid 19. Hence, according to Ejeh, et al. (2020) it can be said that awareness can be beneficial in this case. However, BRAUN’s analysis can be very helpful in this intervention. Leaflets can be distributed among the HCAs. In order to do that distribution among the hospitals and other healthcare organizations is very important to spread awareness. The Gibbs reflective model can be used to identify the effectiveness of the entire intervention plan. Besides this intervention, two other interventions can be helpful to spread awareness. Using social media such as Instagram can be very helpful as this is very cost and time-efficient. Another intervention may include a poster competition (Onchonga, et al. 2020). This is very important as several participants create protesters to spread awareness. This poster will be very creative and attractive.


AlAteeq, D.A., Aljhani, S., Althiyabi, I. and Majzoub, S., 2020. Mental health among healthcare providers during coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in Saudi Arabia. Journal of infection and public health13(10), pp.1432-1437.

Bassi, M., Negri, L., Delle Fave, A. and Accardi, R., 2021. The relationship between post-traumatic stress and positive mental health symptoms among health workers during COVID-19 pandemic in Lombardy, Italy. Journal of affective disorders280, pp.1-6.

Ejeh, F.E., Saidu, A.S., Owoicho, S., Maurice, N.A., Jauro, S., Madukaji, L. and Okon, K.O., 2020. Knowledge, attitude, and practice among healthcare workers towards COVID-19 outbreak in Nigeria. Heliyon6(11), p.e05557.

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Kroezen, M., Schäfer, W., Sermeus, W., Hansen, J. and Batenburg, R., 2018. Healthcare assistants in EU member states: an overview. Health Policy122(10), pp.1109-1117.

Newman, N.A. and Lattouf, O.M., 2020. Coalition for medical education—A call to action: A proposition to adapt clinical medical education to meet the needs of students and other healthcare learners during COVID?19. Journal of cardiac surgery35(6), pp.1174-1175.

Onchonga, D., Omwoyo, J. and Nyamamba, D., 2020. Assessing the prevalence of self-medication among healthcare workers before and during the 2019 SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic in Kenya. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal28(10), pp.1149-1154.

Rossi, R., Socci, V., Pacitti, F., Mensi, S., Di Marco, A., Siracusano, A. and Di Lorenzo, G., 2020. Mental health outcomes among healthcare workers and the general population during the COVID-19 in Italy. Frontiers in Psychology11, p.608986.

Szmyd, B., Karuga, F.F., Bartoszek, A., Staniecka, K., Siwecka, N., Bartoszek, A., B?aszczyk, M. and Radek, M., 2021. Attitude and behaviors towards SARS-CoV-2 vaccination among healthcare workers: A cross-sectional study from Poland. Vaccines9(3), p.218.

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