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Understanding The World Of Tourism

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Introduction - Understanding The World Of Tourism

Tourism is one of most significant and yet misunderstood phenomena in the world at the moment. It’s a goal shared by many established nations, and it’s viewed as essential for both developing and developed economies’ economic growth. Another of the biggest businesses in the world is tourism. However, it is also a substantial contributor to cultural and environmental change (Marinov, Vodenska, and Assenova, 2018). As a result, many tourism academics have turned to the notion of the tourist system in order to better understand the dynamic and complex character of modern tourism.

Because of the numerous phases of the trip experience, it was hard to observe tourists’ behaviour and motives in this area. This is due to the fact that the quality and nature of a tourist’s experience will change as they go through the various phases of their journey. A customer seeking an explanation or making predictions about their future preferences, actions, and activities can start by understanding their past travel experiences. Because of this, the next task focuses on how tourist development is now shaping the economics, environmental quality, and social well-being of the region.

Development of contemporary tourism and significant factors

Tourism is among the most crucial and yet underestimated global trends at the moment. Economic development in both developing and established countries is viewed as a requirement by the majority of industrialized nations. Travel and tourism is one of the world’s largest industries (Kazandzhieva and Santana, 2019). Climate change does have a major effect on cultural and social change. As a consequence, a growing number of academics are turning to the concept of tourist systems to better comprehend how dynamic and complicated contemporary tourism is. Consumption and production are both part of the tourist system. This idea is sometimes referred to as a “Geographic Tourism System,” and it is built on four main pillars:

  • Area of production or origin
  • A route for public transportation.
  • A tourist attraction
  • The surrounding environment, which includes the three other zones.

The idea of a geographical tourism industry is useful in determining how many people travel between various regions and how vital it is for those destinations to also be linked (Dogru, Isik, and Sirakaya-Turk, 2019).

There will be numerous aspects of the tourist sector the customer will encounter while on their journey, which is an important consideration when adopting the tourism system model (Nilsson, 2020). As a consequence of the many service connections and the constantly altering settings, locations and people, visitors’ experiences vary not just among regions but also within them.” With every new encounter, the visitor’s earlier experiences will be enriched and their theories and interpretations will be expanded.

Travellers’ behaviour and motivations are difficult to study because of the numerous stages of the overall experience. Whatever a visitor’s stage of exploration, they will have a unique experience (Koval et al., 2019). Consumers must take into account their previous travel experiences when trying to anticipate or explain their future preferences. There is a mix of new and old information that goes into making these decisions. In today’s worldwide economy and job market, another illustration of how travel and work careers might well be entwined is the practice of taking working vacations.

In addition, the success of the market is deeply influenced by the tourist value chain. In this firm’s geographic structure, a tourist’s vacation starts and concludes at one of the four key geographic factors It is possible that taking a train or bus to her final destination would modify her original plan (Nikazachenko et al., 2018). There are many factors that contribute to tourists’ opinions of a location, including the surrounding environment. Consequently, the environment and location are the most important aspects of hospitality for the whole experience.

Positive and negative economic impacts of tourism

Positive Impacts

One of the best impacts of tourism on the economy is that it does create and generate large number of income source for other business also and therefore, there are a large number of job opportunities are growing day by day. Even tourism is seen as the largest industry growing worldwide (Koval et al., 2019). Another positive impact of tourism is that tourism does enhance the infrastructure of the destination. It does involve the enhancement of transportation facilities, even improvement of roads and other factors such as water supply and communication facilities (Ren et al., 2019). Even the improvement introduced on the basis of enhancing tourism is also well utilized by the local citizens of the destination. Tourism helps to grow the economy of the country.

Negative Impact

The large number of visitors visiting any particular destination enhance the price rate of products and commodities and that enhancement does affect the local citizens too, as they need to pay the same charges for the food, transportation, drinks and almost everything (Eslami et al., 2019). There are some visitors or travellers do look for second homes over the holiday destinations that specially happen on the coastal region. The accommodation is hardly used for few days or weeks and this behaviour does helps to boost the demand and the price of housing in that particular area, which does emerge many difficulties for the local citizens, especially the millennial thinking of owning their first property (Wang et al., 2020). This is one of the biggest negative impacts of tourism and often emerges conflict between the local citizens and tourists.

Discussion of the positive and negative environmental impacts of tourism

Successful tourism relies heavily on both natural and man-made surroundings. The environment may harm if proper planning and management are not carried out. The negative consequences of tourism far outweigh the positive ones.

Advantages for the environment

zNegative environmental effects

There are several instances when a site is overburdened by the quantity of visitors. Unchecked tourism is a threat to the sustainability of natural ecosystems all around the world. Natural habitat degradation, soil erosion and pollution, as well as tree removal, are only just few instances of the threats posed by human activities (Dogru, Isik, and Sirakaya-Turk, 2019). When resources are scarce, environmental problems develop as a consequence of overconsumption. Due of this, people are compelled to assess what they can do with the few resources they have. The environment depends on a wide range of resources.

These natural resources may be degraded in a variety of ways, and visitors can be a part of the problem (Goffi, Cucculelli, and Masiero, 2019). Tourist attractions could also be a contributing element to an increase in demand for certain products. Due to the destruction of their natural habitats, the animals are now forced to relocate.

Discussion of the positive and negative socio-cultural impacts of tourism

Positive Impacts

Tourism does enhance the interaction between different individuals and this one of the major motivating factor. Tourism helps to know more about the diverse culture and enhance the understanding living in diverse culture and societies (do Val Simardi Beraldo Souza et al., 2019). Tourism also enhance the production and sales of local arts and crafts which does help the visitors to collect some memories of the location they have visited and this does also helps to enhance and promote the local and traditional skills. Tourism plays a vital role in order to reinforce the region’s cultural identity.

Negative Impacts

There are some factors that does impose negative socio-cultural impacts and mainly these reasons are emerging as reason for conflict between the tourists and the local citizens. The anti-social behavior of the tourists also enhances the rage of local persons. Often the reasons reach to the level of committing crimes which are ethically and morally wrong in nature the list does include, prostitution, gambling, intake of drug and crimes like robbery and many more (Bartis and Madlwabinga, 2020). This is helping to expand more local gangs affecting the approach of tourism and even the local environment of the destination. Another negative impact of tourism is that it is putting enactment over the local events of the which includes dance, music performance for the tourist and that looks like making fun of the local culture of the area which is quite awkward in nature.

Conclusion

Tourism has embraced the changing consumer culture. These adjustments are amazing. This research examines the tourism industry in detail. Today’s tourism industry is a jumbled mess, trying to integrate tourist and corporate experiences. Global mobility affects many aspects of everyday life. Jobs and revenue can be created. Due to negative implications, large infrastructure costs are hard to accept. More people working should improve most people’s lives. Reversing moral decline in our society is challenging. Customers benefit from this tourism industry revolution.

References

Bartis, H. and Madlwabinga, Z., 2020. Residents’ perceptions of the socio-cultural impacts of tourism: A case study of the Tokyo sexwale community in Jeffrey’s Bay, South Africa. African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure9(3), pp.232-245.

do Val Simardi Beraldo Souza, T., Thapa, B., Rodrigues, C.G.D.O. and Imori, D., 2019. Economic impacts of tourism in protected areas of Brazil. Journal of Sustainable Tourism27(6), pp.735-749.

Dogru, T., Isik, C. and Sirakaya-Turk, E., 2019. The balance of trade and exchange rates: Theory and contemporary evidence from tourism. Tourism Management74, pp.12-23.

Eslami, S., Khalifah, Z., Mardani, A., Streimikiene, D. and Han, H., 2019. Community attachment, tourism impacts, quality of life and residents’ support for sustainable tourism development. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing36(9), pp.1061-1079.

Godil, D.I., Sharif, A., Rafique, S. and Jermsittiparsert, K., 2020. The asymmetric effect of tourism, financial development, and globalization on ecological footprint in Turkey. Environmental science and pollution research27(32), pp.40109-40120.

Goffi, G., Cucculelli, M. and Masiero, L., 2019. Fostering tourism destination competitiveness in developing countries: The role of sustainability. Journal of cleaner production209, pp.101-115.

Kazandzhieva, V. and Santana, H., 2019. E-tourism: Definition, development and conceptual framework. Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal, 67(4), pp.332-350.

Koval, V., Mykhno, Y., Antonova, L., Plekhanov, D. and Bondar, V., 2019. Analysis of environmental factors’ effect on the development of tourism. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology28(3), pp.445-456.

Koval, V., Mykhno, Y., Antonova, L., Plekhanov, D. and Bondar, V., 2019. Analysis of environmental factors’ effect on the development of tourism. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology28(3), pp.445-456.

Marinov, V., Vodenska, M. and Assenova, M. eds., 2018. Traditions and Innovations in contemporary tourism. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Nikazachenko, A.L., Yudashkina, E.E.E., Vlasov, G.V., Novikova, V.V.E. and Lebedev, K.A.E., 2018. Modern approaches to assess tourism industry-related environment. Journal of Environmental Management & Tourism9(2 (26)), pp.298-303.

Nilsson, J.H., 2020. Conceptualizing and contextualizing overtourism: The dynamics of accelerating urban tourism. International Journal of Tourism Cities.

Ren, T., Can, M., Paramati, S.R., Fang, J. and Wu, W., 2019. The impact of tourism quality on economic development and environment: evidence from Mediterranean countries. Sustainability11(8), p.2296.

Suhartanto, D., Brien, A., Primiana, I., Wibisono, N. and Triyuni, N.N., 2020. Tourist loyalty in creative tourism: the role of experience quality, value, satisfaction, and motivation. Current Issues in Tourism, 23(7), pp.867-879.

Wang, J., Huang, X., Gong, Z. and Cao, K., 2020. Dynamic assessment of tourism carrying capacity and its impacts on tourism economic growth in urban tourism destinations in China. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management15, p.100383.

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