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Dynamic Correspondence of Jump Shot in Basketball and Loaded Back Squats Assignment Sample


In the game of basketball jump shot is one of most common and important element. Jump shot is mainly used by the players to gain advantage in scoring points and it also help them to play with higher accuracy. This shot also provides extra speed and safe playing condition to the player. By using this shot player can basket the ball from a distance which is secure and safer for player. By using this shot players can gain advantage on opponent teamGorman&Maloney, (2016). Because of these advantages jump shot is most famous in game basketball. In this shot player do not have to care about other players because it can be played while no one is closer to player and can be played from safe and approachable distance. Because it is most used shot or technique in game of basketball. To target hamstring, quadriceps and gluteus maximus main exercise that is used by the players is Loaded Back Squats. It is considered a complex exercise that is used by the players to keep their muscles fit for the game. This exercise can be used by the players to perform some movements and jumps in the game to get advantage over other players without getting physically harmed. There are different processes are used to affect the sporting performance of player on court and these activities are known as Dynamic Correspondence. Main aim of this exercise to make required change in the muscle structure of players to perform some moves that are required in gameVan Maarseveen & Oudejans, (2018). This is considered as one of major element in exercise that is used by the players to develop better performance in game. Because of the high productivity and effectiveness these measure is commonly used with in process of developing special abilities to improve performance in game of basketball. Experts like speed and strength mentors usually prefer this exercise to develop physical structure of player to improve their game. In training sessions that are specially design to develop speed and ability of player are mostly consists of this exercise.

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Amplitude & Direction of Movement

This are some considerations are need to be considered while performing squats to develop specific movement of the muscles. Back Loaded squats is considered as vertical exercise which is consist of range of movements. In the jump shot different part of body are used in combination to perform perfect shot. The body parts that are used in jump shot are- Knee, Ankle, Shoulder and hip joint. In the maximum angular displacement for the distance of 6.4 meter is about 25.8 degree for ankle joint, 180.6 degree angle is for hips and 168.9 degree angle is specified for knee. As the shooting distance reduces to 2.8 meter all angles slightly decreases. At this distance ankle joint angle becomes 151.0 degree, for hip joint angle decrease to 179.2. In short distance shoot player so not use much joints so all these angles decreases to certain limits to perform a perfect shoot. In short distance shoot maximum power is need to be used in order to perform shoot.  In the long shoot conditions are completely different. In long distance shoot player have to use more joint to shot at maximum distanceSodaitis, (2020). To improve the shoot capability more power need to be added in the short jumping cycle that is also depended on the magnitude if range of movement applied in this process. It is Predicted that Squat improved with 34.261.1 Kilogram to 65.761.9 kilogram at p, 0.001 and it also delay absolute knee ROM in the landing process. The calculation that are made for ROM are performed after the drop off process for the maximum vertical displacement. This is also not required to perform complete squat with standards while jumping. The angles and measures are also depended on the situations. This not always beneficial to perform squat with standard measures. With quarter squat group have largest transfer of speed and jump vertical height which is r = 0652. In the training processes and programs back squats can be used for younger women to significantly improve their capacity and power. It also improve the strength of person and improve their neuromuscular controlNoyes, & Barber-Westin, (2019). This also decreases the differences of measures between men and women.

Accentuated Region of Force Development

This process allows the player to maximum utilise power during the jump shot. The skill of jump shot is considered as exercise that provide capability to the player to jump effectively and make them higher responsive to the stimulus in the gaming processBanks, (2020). There is a faster movement is required in the game of basketball because each second is important in game. The speed of game is too high and game can change any movement for player should be capable of performing such movements that can help them to gain advantage over their opponents. In last few minutes of game activities are much faster and explosive so players should have capability to perform longer pass. With larger load the barbell velocity decreases, it also increases the upward movement duration and in this process maximum speed achieved later in the movementCanli, (2019).With proper initiation capability to lift expanded load can be increased that can allows the player to effectively resists the opponent player and maintain specific strategic distance for the players of other team. This is how a proper combination can be used in game of basketball to improve capability to shoot at maximum required distance. The as per the analysis of covariance and E S (effect size) on kinematic parameters jump shot can provide capability to the player to shoot ball to maximum distance. This analysis is mainly based on the hand ball game but sometimes these measures also can be used for the game of Basketball. This is not possible to get same result every time because this analysis was performed over group of 30 women handball players.

Dynamics of Effort

This is considerations is consists of different force magnitudes, movements, contraction and velocities within specific gaming movements. There are different combination of stretching and contraction of muscle are used to perform specific movement within the game. For example at time of vertical jump role of knee and angular movement in knee are more important to gain maximum vertical height. Some other external factors also works in the movements. For example external forces like vertical ground reaction force and increment in knee joint commitment to sum up the energy that is absorbed in the jump processSavas, Yüksel & Uzun, (2018). The measurements that are considered in the study are mainly considered for the vertical jump and it do not consists of other special shots that are used in the game of basketball. In both games movements are similar but in both games results might be different and main reason behind this is related to the pressure of game and gaming conditions. Larger the force applied in the movement will results as lesser velocity that is generated in the jump movement. At the time of jump usually women produced maximum force which is .42p and for men there is no any significance difference between maximum forces generated in the activity of jump. The Isometric squats are reliable for non-time dependent maximum strength which is measured for similar angle in hips and ankles. This process also reflects the difference between performance at maximum force and at absolute peak force. These results are mainly based on the isometric squats not on back loaded squatsPenner, (2018). Both type of squats are different because regular loaded squat is a single movement but isometric squat reflect the 3-5 second Holt on grounded position.  According to the past training process for isometric squat 90 degree and 120 knee flexion is reliable measure.

Rate and Time of Maximum Force Production

The rate of force development is important element that can be used to measure the force that is generated in the jump process. This measure can be used to compare the explosive strength to generate force at time of movementBazanov, Pedak&Rannama, (2019). It has been reflected that in a countermovement jump more force is generated as compared to squat jump. For Countermovement propulsion time was 671 +/- 99 which is much higher than the force that is generated in the squat jump which was around 430 +/- 75 Millisecond. For drop jump force generated is 557 +/- 117 Millisecond. There is no major difference between squat and drop jump. The measures that are used in this process are still different from the back loaded squats that is used in basketball.This consideration do not compare forces or velocity generated during the jumps. Countermovement jump still used in the basketball but it could be different from the actual game. The reason behind this difference is related to the arm swings and movements and downward movement that are performed in the basketball game. At the time of jump shot basketball players mainly used their upper body parts and they do not care about the angles in the lower body movementsÁGOSTON, (2018). In a vertical jump best maximum measures are depended on the speed quality of lower limbs. And vertical jump is considered as countermovement jump without hand movements. These jumps can be characteristics on basis of high mean, average height and peak power.

Regime of Muscular Work

There are three muscular movements are there which are known as concentric, isometric and eccentric. Concentric contraction occurs when total length of muscle shortens as tension is created. Lifting is considered as best example of contraction and lifting dumbles is considered as example of eccentric contraction. In eccentric contraction process with complete length of muscle total power or pressure is deliveredBayram, (2016). There are main three muscle are used at time of which are monoarticular gluteus maximus, vasti muscles and lower degree of soleus muscles. Biarticular muscles are used are principally are used for the stabilisation of lower leg and knee and hip joints with acting eccentric to manage drop in shifting pressure or energy in portions at time of scentsÁGOSTON, (2018). At rising stage power delivered by the extensor muscle is largest force which is followed by lower leg planter flexors and after the knee extensor. The Hip and knee extensors gave underlying power at the time of ascents with lower leg extensors. The second burst from the hip extensors consists 50 % power of the last rising. The short jumping cycles are mainly based on repeating to make jump more effective. SSC is considered as natural movement of muscle for most human locomotion that are used in jumping, skipping and hopping. The process of SSC development in childhood allows the children to run faster and jump higher which is beneficial in sports activities.


In the jump shot which is mainly used in basketball various body parts are involved to perform proper jump. For example ankle, hip joint and knee joints are mainly used for performing effective jump shot. This is concluded that it is not effective to perform full range of motion in squat at time of playing basketball. It is also recommended that basketball also should include quarter squat with in the conditioning and strength program because in these jumps transfer of power, strength and speed is much higher. For the intensive game of basketball it is required that jump shot should be explosive and much faster to meet the pace of the game. The kinematics considerations also need to be considered in the jump shot movement to achieve maximum height, velocity and distance. This is how much longer shoot can be performed. There is huge contribution of angles at time of jump and at time of landing. It is important and considerable because knee joint commitment lead to the energy absorption to the magnitudes. Isometric squats also can be used in basketball because it is reliable to measure peak force of knee and it also can improve the overall performance up to 1 Rm. Countermovement jump also can be used in the basketball training because it can help the players to perform jump without hand swings. These processes and jumps can be used in the training sessions to improve the capability of players.



Books and Journals



Banks, S. (2020). The Effects of a 6-Week Plyometric Exercise Program on Vertical Jump Height and Perceived Physical Ability in Adolescent Female Basketball Players (Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Fresno).

Bayram, M. (2016). The Evaluation of Strength Training and Body Plyometric Effects on the Male Basketball Players. Educational Research and Reviews. 11(8). 703-707.

Bazanov, B., Pedak, K., & Rannama, I. (2019). Relationship between musculoskeletal state and vertical jump ability of young basketball players.

Canli, U. (2019). Effects of Neuromuscular Training on Motoric and Selected Basketball Skills in Pre-Pubescent Basketball Players. Universal Journal of Educational Research. 7(1). 16-23.

Gorman, A. D., & Maloney, M. A. (2016). Representative design: Does the addition of a defender change the execution of a basketball shot?. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 27. 112-119.

Noyes, F. R., & Barber-Westin, S. (2019). Return to Sport for Soccer and Basketball. In Return to Sport after ACL Reconstruction and Other Knee Operations (pp. 383-419). Springer, Cham.

Penner, L. (2018). Does the "dip" increase the accuracy of the jump shot in highly skilled basketball players?.

Savas, S., Yüksel, M. F., & Uzun, A. (2018). The Effects of Rapid Strength and Shooting Training Applied to Professional Basketball Players on the Shot Percentage Level. Universal Journal of Educational Research. 6(7). 1569-1574.

Sodaitis, B. (2020). Relation between anthropometric, physical, technical testing and game-related statistics in youth basketball players (Doctoral dissertation, Lietuvos sporto universitetas).

Van Maarseveen, M. J., & Oudejans, R. R. (2018). Motor and gaze behaviors of youth basketball players taking contested and uncontested jump shots. Frontiers in Psychology. 9. 706.

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