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Football is a sport which is played between two teams and each team includes 11 players playing at the ground. It is played in a rectangular-shaped grass field. Football sport is played between two teams to score more goals than their opponent. The cube-shaped semi-open structure is placed on two long ends of the field which are covered using nets is termed as the goal where the players are asked to put the ball for scoring a goal. Football is a sport that allows the use of every single body part except the hands. Players are not allowed to use their hands while playing the sport and if the ball touches the hand of any player then the referee stops the game. Football is the world's most popular game as this game is played professionally by most numbers of players in the world as well as it has the highest number of spectators as well.
A game of football is played for ninety minutes and played in two halves. Each half of a football match is forty-five minutes duration. The distance which is covered by the players depends on the position where they are playing. A typical football player runs an average distance of 10.8 kilometers in a match where the player is also subjected to a one-kilometer uncertainty run. This means that a football player runs between 9.8 kilometers to 11.4 kilometers while playing a match. This is the average running amount specially observed in the English Premier League (Altavilla et al. 2017).
The acceleration and the deceleration are based on the position where the player plays in a match. On average a football player spends longer time in acceleration in comparison to deceleration. A player takes 89 seconds for acceleration at the highest intensity whereas it will take 64 seconds for deceleration. The defenders and the mid-fielders are subjected to spend the longest time at accelerating which is 91-90 seconds respectively and decelerating at 66 seconds. The defenders and the mid-fielders spent the longest time at the highest intensity in comparison to the other positional roles in the football sport. In a football match, a player covers almost 18% of the total distance the player can cover only by accelerating and decelerating (Harper et al. 2019). This is calculated using the immediate or gradual increase or decrease of the body's velocity before changing the direction of the body.
Football sport contains various twists and turns and there are so many changes in the direction while being in a match. The changes in the direction and the movement of the football players in a match depending on their agility which is variable based on the age of the player. Different age group players have a different level of agility in a match which regulates their speed of taking the twist, turn, or changing the direction. The change of direction in a football match depends on various factors.it is dependent on four things the technique, straight sprinting speed, keg muscle quality, and anthropometry. In the football sport, the players who have leaner leg muscles will change the direction in a much faster manner in comparison to the players having a higher amount of fats in the leg muscles (Taylor et al. 2019).
Technique: Changing the direction is trainable and it is a time-based test that is used for developing a faster direction-changing ability for the player. The technique is the most essential thing for changing the direction for the players. It is developed using qualitative methods and this is the reason it is one of the toughest things to develop a good technique for speedy twisting and turning.
Straight-line sprinting speed: Sprinting is the most important part of football sport. Change o the direction and the straight-line sprinting both are very much different than each other but are always important for the players as it helps the players to enhance their speed which will impact their running skills during the turn or twist while playing. The straight-line sprinting speed is one of the most essential factors which impact the change of direction of the players in the football sport.
Leg muscle qualities: The quality of the leg muscle players a very essential part in the speedy change of direction. The players who are having leaner leg muscles are expected to change the direction at a very high speed in comparison to the players who have thick legs containing much more amount of fat. It is proven that the players who have good concentric strength and the good quality power of the legs which can apply a huge amount of force while running will help the player to accelerate faster in comparison to the other players which will also bring the results faster and the help the player change the direction at a faster speed.
GPS football tracking is a software device that can be used for tracking the speed of the sprint and the speed of changing the direction. It is one of the most popular devices as it provides almost the most accurate data of the players and also helps them to enhance their game and speed. GPS tracking is an athlete management device that is used in the training sessions for analyzing the speed of the players. It helps the players to understand the speed at which they run their straight sprints and it also helps the players to analyze the speed of their turns (Bowen et al. 2017). This provides them with the idea about the amount of training they need to enhance their speed while being in the game. The GPS tracking helps the players to understand the impulse or the heart rate and the acceleration or deceleration. These things will help the player to understand the amount of muscle they need to build for an effective run and the amount of power they need in their legs to run with more force and change the direction effectively (Rago et al. 2020).
This is the movement analysis of the football sport which is very effective for analyzing the ways through which the athletes move in the ground and the amounts of technicalities they need to maintain while playing the football sport for effective results for the team. Football is a game where the players
This section of the analysis will provide an idea about the needs and the demands of the football players while playing the sport. The psychological demands include the amount of energy needed by the player for effectively playing the game (Ekmekçi and Miçoo?ullar?, 2018). The lactate threshold and the aerobic capacity of the players are analyzed in this section. Football is a game where the players have to train and play the matches at a very high intensity where the loss of energy is high and this is the reason the consumption of energy for the players and the lactate threshold is measured. The trainers keep the players under proper check for maintaining their physical health.
The demands of a football player between a game can be easily determined using the proper analysis of the match and the measurements of the psychological aspects during the match. Several factors influence the demands of the players. The physical abilities, technical qualities of the player, in-game position, style of the game, and the energy needed. The football players are subjected to high-intensity practice sessions which shows that the players lose a very huge amount of energy during the practice sessions and this is essential for keeping the energy level up. The aerobic energy system is highly busy during the practice and the matches as well. Due to high-intensity practice and high speedrunning the player's heart rate increase from a minimum of 85 to a maximum of 98 and the maximum amount of oxygen intake becomes 70%. The energy and oxygen burning process are very fast during the match and the practice sessions. The players are provided with team doctors and professional trainers who are in charge of food and training schedules including the diet. The trains as per the environmental condition and the needs of the teams manages the schedule for the players. The diet contains food items that have a decent amount of regular starch, protein, carbohydrates, necessary minerals, and good cholesterol (O’Brien et al. 2019). Most football players avoid eating red meat as it will increase the amount of fat in the body which can affect the organization.
The lactate threshold is the amount of intensity of exercise at which the lactate starts to accumulate in the blood at a much faster rate and this is one of the major issues as due to lactate threshold the unbuffered acid is also mixed with the blood. This is a situation where a person feels to vomit or stop everything. The lactate threshold changes in a football player depending on the season as it is different in winter in comparison to summer football games. During the summer season, the lactate threshold of the football players reaches the value of 3.69 m/s while during the winters the lactate threshold of the football players is increased to 3.86 m/s (Brinkmans et al. 2019). The world-class football players who play regularly and keeps the body fit the lactate threshold is observed at 70%-80% V02max. it is also observed that the players who are untrained or during the non-playing season it occurs very soon which is considered almost 50%-60% V02max (Modric et al. 2020). However, both the trained and untrained players reach the maximum lactate threshold level at almost similar running speed but the lactate threshold of the trained player is at 70% and the lactate threshold of the untrained player is at 60% (Póvoas et al. 2020). The trainers of the football players always keep the lactate threshold of the players at the check and this is the reason they conduct several tests for the players. The test is conducted where the player starts to run on the treadmill where the player at first starts with a slow speed and gradually the speed increases and at each of the steps the trainer and the medical staff of the team takes a blood sample of the player from the fingertips which are mostly in the action and faces a good amount of blood flow. This blood at every step is used for calculating the lactate concentration in the blood of that particular football player.
These are the psychological demands of football players while playing football in a match and the practice session.
This section of the analysis provides the idea about the typical injuries are associated with the football sport. Several types of injuries can occur with a football injury. All the types of injuries which can occur to a football player during a match are discussed in the following section. The are several injuries that take the most amount of time-outs from the game and some are there which are restricted from wasting time during the match all these injuries are discussed in this section. The typical and the most serious injuries which can occur with the football players while playing the game are analyzed in this section of the need analysis (Mehmet et al. 2017).
There are several injuries associated with football sport. While playing football sport the players are exposed to an open environment where various injuries can occur with the players. There are several common injuries and several typical injuries that are serious and need an operation and a long-time gap for the player. Typical injuries can also impact the football player's career in the game. Broken femur and broken tailbone are some of the serious and typical injuries which hamper the body structure of the player and it takes a long time for the player to stay out of the game and sometimes these injuries do not let the players play again. Ankle strains and hamstrings are the most common injuries which occur with players in the football sport. Every player faces these issues during their playing career. More than 1.5 million young men participate in the football game every year and it is also observed that almost 1.2 million of the young men face injury issues in a particular year. This shows that every year almost 70% of football players worldwide face injuries associated with football (Zech and Wellmann, 2017).
Several injuries are very common among football players. Ankle sprains, knee injuries, quad, hamstring, and groin strains, hip pointers, shoulder dislocations, wrist and hand injuries, and concussions are some of the most common injuries which are observed in football players. Concussions are very common in football players this is a type of traumatic disease which is occurred due to food habits and any impact on the hand. The process of bringing an opponent to the ground or resisting falling into the ground are the main reasons for these common injuries (Ribeiro-Alvares et al. 2019). The players run at a very high speed and with very high intensity and if another player tries to block the path for the player then it can cause these injuries which impact the gameplay of the player. There are various types of protective equipment that are used by the football players like the ankle and knee supporters for avoiding ankle and knee strains and injuries. The sin-guards are used to safeguard the sin-bone of their legs (Kirsch et al. 2018). The abdominal guards are also used by the players for avoiding thigh or abdominal muscle pulls and strains. Regardless of using the protective equipment the players face these issues of common injuries. For treating the common injuries every team has their doctors and physicians who are assigned with the task to take care of the player and the trainers are subjected to control the impact of the muscle pull on the player so that the player can continue his or her run in the match. Some common injuries are recovered using cold and hot pack treatments whereas some of the common injuries need proper medical attention and medications from the doctors (Harøy et al. 2019). Common injuries if avoided can affect the football players severely.
There are several typical and serious injuries that can happen while playing a football match and it can even affect the player's football career. Broken femur, Dislocated elbow, Broken tailbone, and broken ribs are some of the most typical and serious injuries that occur to football players. The football players are very much affected by such injuries. Such injuries can occur with the players in between the match because of the huge encounter between two players. In football matches, various legal actions can be used for blocking a particular player running through with the ball and this can make the player fall on the ground with high intensity. These high-intensity blocks and falls of the players can cause elbow dislocation and ankles in the football game. Football is a sport that is also played very carefully because the broken femur and broken tailbone are some of the injuries which can also impact the player's health and can disable the person for the rest of the life. Changing directions and turning towards direction is a part of this sport and this is the reason the severe strains are caused due to which the player has to opt for a break for a long period. Such strains can cause muscle tear due to which the football player will have to attend rehabilitation centers and stay under medical surveillance for a long period. Tissue and muscle tears are some of the most typical and serious injuries hampering the player's ability to play football for a certain period. Sometimes a tough tackle between two players in a high intensity is can be observed which is the biggest reason for causing the broken ribs injury. Due to tough tackles, the players collide with each other at a very huge force including their bodyweights which can cause broken ribs injury to the players (Laas et al. 2020).
In football sport, there are some injuries which are the main reason behind the big time-outs in between of a match. The ankle and the knee injuries are two of them which makes the referee stop the match for a longer period in comparison to the regular time-outs and breaks. The normal time-out in a match is mostly taken for 10 seconds but such injuries make the referee stop the game for more than 2-3 minutes and if the referee observes that the time is exceeding then the player is asked to carry out of the football ground and the game is resumed again.
This report concludes that football is a sport where 70% of the oxygen is burned by the players and the heart rate stays at a very high level. It also concludes that the lactate threshold of the players is almost 50%-60% V02max. ankle strain and knee strain are some of the common injuries which can affect the health and the football match of the player. Several injuries are very typical can cause severe impacts on the lives of the football players. This report also concludes that ankle and knee injuries are some of the injuries which can make the referee take a longer time-out in between the football match.
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