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Task 1

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1.1 Vulnerable groups in health and social care and issues relating to their safeguarding

The Vulnerable groups are groups of people present in the country that have some particular characteristics that are putting them at a higher risk for assistance than others. They can also be considered as a group that is being excluded from social or financial services. This also includes people that are having disabilities, children and also migrants or refugees. Older and homeless people are also considered to be the groups that are vulnerable (Alexander et al. 2018). Certain issues that are arising in relation to their safeguarding mainly include declining mental and physical capacities, an increase in dependency on the household, and lack of access to healthcare and also to regular income and work.

1.2 Aims of Safeguarding

Safeguarding helps in promoting the welfare and protection of vulnerable groups of people. It includes a range of principles and measures that helps in ensuring the protection of basic human rights. Its main aim is to protect vulnerable adults, children and also young adults so that they can live their lives without any abuse, neglect or harm (Folkman et al. 2019). The safeguarding aims to empower these vulnerable groups of people by encouraging them, so that they can make their own decision. It helps in providing “proportionality, partnership, protection, accountability and transparency”.

1.3 Safeguarding legislation

Safeguarding legislation for the management of health and social care is a legal obligation for all companies and firms in the UK. It includes four laws that the employees need to know. “The Children Act, 1989”, provides safeguarding to children and also helps in their welfare. “Children and Social Work Act, 2017helps in the building of principles that are increasing the care leavers and also ensures that the safeguarding practices of a child are being followed.“Care Act, 2014” provides safeguarding to adults that are appeared to be as vulnerable. This helps in setting out the framework so that it can help in protecting adults from harm, abuse and neglect (Gov.uk, 2022). "Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act, 2006” helps in providing critical examination for those that would be working with these people.

1.4 Roles and responsibilities within safeguarding activities

The roles and responsibilities for the safeguarding of vulnerable groups of people mainly include working in a way that can provide protection and prevention to these groups of people. It also helps these people to get aware of the signs that can lead to abuse and negligence. The safeguarding of people in health and social care is provided by recording and reporting incidents and concerns (Preston-Shoot, 2019). It also includes the reporting of any immediate risk to the policy by suspecting crime or risk that has taken place.

1.5 Safeguarding impact on the work of individuals and the organisation

The safeguarding practices help in ensuring that vulnerable groups of people are being protected from abuse, harm and negligence. It also provides insurance to the employees so that they can complete their duties safely and knowledgeably. The training provided for safeguarding can help in improving the ability to communicate among team members in an organisation (Steenkamer et al. 2020). For example, certain acts like the safeguard boarding act, of 2011 and the nuclear safeguard act, of 2018 are helping in providing safeguards to individuals working in an organisation.

Task 2

2.1 Safeguarding policies on vulnerable groups, issues and legislation

The safeguarding of vulnerable groups in terms of health and social care is provided by certain policies, principles, responsibilities and legislations. “Health and Social Act of 2012” provide safeguarding to vulnerable adults by providing them from being abused within the social and health care system.” Mental Capacity Act of 2005” helps in determining the capacity of presumption and supports them in making a decision. “Equality Act, 2010” provides protection on the basis of age, race, sex, religion, disability etc. on accessing that the person is vulnerable. “Human Rights Act, 1998” provides protection for the basic hum rights of the people (Learning.nspcc.org.uk, 2022).

2.2 Inquiries or serious cases related to safeguarding and its improvements

The safeguarding of the child is a serious case that includes abuse or neglection subjected by a child and this leads to the child's death or serious harm. Therefore, in order to prevent such a cause, Special Case Reviews (SCRs) are established under the Children Act, of 2004. This helps in reviewing and inquiring about the serious cases that ultimately result in improving the way they are working for the safeguarding of children (Scie.org.uk, 2022). These reviews can also be carried out when the child is alive but has been subjected to serious harm that results from abuse or neglect.

2.3 Different organisations that are involved in safeguarding

The involvement of different organizations can provide safeguarding to vulnerable groups of people in terms of health and social care. It mainly includes the social worker that helps in providing safeguards and promotes the welfare of these people. Apart from these certain health visitors and medical staff are also involved in carrying out functions that can support and monitor the growth and development of vulnerable people in society. The police and local authorities are also involved in providing safeguarding. Police work in association with other agencies by sharing information that is collected (Cpdonline.co.uk, 2019). Youth justice and probation service are working together with the police to identify the issues related to the safeguarding of vulnerable people and looking for ways to protect them.

2.4 Identification and development of the policies and procedures

The development of policies and procedures for safeguarding that mainly occurred by identifying the needs and risks that are associated with the activities that are taking place. In order to provide protection to vulnerable people, these policies are being developed. These policies and procedures are providing the instruction and guidelines that are mainly traced by certain organisations, companies and also the government that determines the ways duties need to be fulfilled (Preston-Shoot, 2018). These procedures are designed for the prevention of abuses. It also helps in determining the risk, and the steps any organization needs to take so that protection is provided to vulnerable people.

It can also be determined that the identification and development of the policies and procedures of safeguarding need to abide by the basic principles that are involved in safeguarding (Britishcouncil.in, 2022). The setting of these procedures ensures that all the allegations are determined in a way that can provide protection to the individuals who are vulnerable and that steps have also been taken to prevent them from occurring again.

Task 3

3.1 Implementation of safeguarding policies and procedures

The implementation of the policies and procedures that are involved in the safeguarding of vulnerable groups occurred in a stepwise process. This mainly includes first the creation of a policy that is safeguarding these people. It provides respect for vulnerable people and an equality statement. The successful implementation of these policies and procedure are mainly brought about by making the staff and other people obtain knowledge through training and management (Steenkamer et al. 2020). At last, the review of the safeguarding policy is also important as the policies never get finished and require changes according to the needs of the vulnerable people present in society.

3.2 Evaluation of the importance of mentoring staff to overcome safeguarding issues

The effective mentoring of the staff helps vulnerable people to learn new concepts and also provides a path that can transfer knowledge from one person to another. It provides support and guidance from an experienced person which can be helpful in overcoming the issues that can arise in the safeguarding of vulnerable people. This also helps in increasing the awareness of the different approaches in the work. In addition to this, it also provides the development of certain professional opportunities (Folkman et al. 2019). The evaluation of effective mentoring is generally brought about by observing the number of mentoring sessions and their actions that can overcome the issues related to safeguarding.

3.3 Impact of a person-centred approach on policies and procedures

The person-centred approach to procedures and policies in the safeguarding of vulnerable groups helps in improving the relationship. Determining the needs of the individuals and showing respect to the can helps in the encouragement of positive responses and also the interaction. It can also lead to improving quality, safety and also cost-effectiveness. In addition, this approach also provides improvements in attaining satisfaction from the staff and vulnerable people (Preston-Shoot, 2019). This can also increase the respect and also well-being of these people.

3.4 Promotion of policies and their implementation to support the safeguarding

The policies and procedures involved in the safeguarding of vulnerable groups can be promoted by making an agenda. This can be achieved by including these policies in the articles of the newspaper or by conducting monitoring and supervision of the staff so that it can be ensured that they are clear with the responsibilities, roles and boundaries in the safeguarding of the vulnerable groups. As the policies obtained provide protection to vulnerable people from harm and also help in the reduction of the risk of neglect or abuse (Alexander et al. 2018). Thus, it can be determined that the implication and promotion of these policies and procedures for safeguarding vulnerable people can help in their management in terms of health and social care.


Alexander, S., Pillay, R. and Smith, B., 2018. A systematic review of the experiences of vulnerable people participating in research on sensitive topics. International Journal of Nursing Studies88, pp.85-96.

Folkman, A.K., Tveit, B. and Sverdrup, S., 2019. Leadership in interprofessional collaboration in health care. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare12, p.97.

Preston-Shoot, M., 2018. Learning from safeguarding adult reviews on self-neglect: addressing the challenge of change. The Journal of Adult Protection.

Preston-Shoot, M., 2019. Self-neglect and safeguarding adult reviews: towards a model of understanding facilitators and barriers to best practice. The Journal of Adult Protection.

Steenkamer, B., de Weger, E., Drewes, H., Putters, K., Van Oers, H. and Baan, C., 2020. Implementing population health management: an international comparative study. Journal of Health Organization and Management34(3), pp.273-294.

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