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Sociology Assignment Answer

Introduction: Sociology Assignment

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Sociology, the scientific study of human society and social behavior, offers a captivating lens through which we can explore and analyze the intricacies of our interconnected world. As we delve into this dynamic discipline for our college assignment, we embark on a journey to comprehend the complex web of relationships, institutions, and societal structures that shape our lives. Sociology invites us to question, observe, and understand the patterns that govern human behavior, shedding light on the forces that influence our thoughts, actions, and the very fabric of society itself.

In this assignment, we will navigate through key sociological concepts, theories, and methodologies that empower us to critically examine various aspects of social life. From the micro-level interactions within families and communities to the macro-level dynamics of institutions and global societies, our exploration will span diverse dimensions of human existence.

As we engage with the subject, we will address fundamental questions about identity, inequality, culture, and power. Through the sociological imagination, we will learn to connect personal experiences to broader social structures, fostering a deeper understanding of how individuals and groups shape, and are shaped by, their social environments.

Q.1 Distinction between the sociological understanding and common sense and other social sciences?

The concept of social understanding along with that of common sense is considered to be a different concept. The perspective of sociological factors is different that required simple evidence and research objectives. This is completely different from the concept of common sense which is based on personal experience. The requirement of common sense involves non-differences from person to person that depend on the environments and backgrounds. Sociology aims to provide the following objectives that increase the development of the society that depends on social issues. It is influenced by the natural sciences that society is being inspected through laws (Small and Pager, 2020). The idea of common sense is to rely on observation and the information thta has been retrieved and it is based on traditional beliefs.

The requirement of the established order is important to control the beliefs that have been enforced. The thinking aspect of sociology permits the existence of many challenges that develop agitation and a comprehensive approach based on social aspects. Taken into consideration of common sense consists of sensitive information about everyday life but the thinking of sociological is quite different because the expansion of the thoughts and the applied concepts help to form levels that are beyond personal experiences. The categorization of sociological thought is often regarded as scientific but in contrast to common sense, it is not. The analysis of the pragmatic world is important by inspecting it depending on the objective sense. Common sense is the subjective incident of an individual and it cannot be undermined as a social science. The concept of common sense depends on beliefs and assumptions. On the other hand, the information of society depends on the analysis of qualitative and quantitative. The adoption of common notions is reflected by common sense and the reinforcement of the quo is generated by common sense (Luke, 2018). The reflection of social cultures and traditions is being viewed by common sense and also helps in reducing social abatement. Reason and logical conceptualization is being promoted by the application of sociological thinking but on the other hand, common sense intrigues the capabilities to withstand stereotypical thinking. Sociology helps to observe society through logical estimation. The basic development of common sense is based on the individual experience that generally consists of a particular section.  

Q.2 Difference of the sociological approach from other social science?

The sociology approach mainly depends on the social behavior of the society as it helps to investigate and undermine the subjective areas. It helps to specify the social changes along with the procedures (Small and Pager, 2020). The unique concept of sociology is quite different apart from that of social science as it helps to observe the discipline structure of society. The concerning aspect of sociology is that it is related to all different disciplines. The evaluation of society is generated from this concept. The most important is the formation of social relationships and the basics of interaction. The sociological factors are different from the other social sciences as it covers the connection of human from another opinion whereas the perspective of social sciences is very specific. The most important is Sociology is the academic study of institutions, interactions, and connections between people. The study of the intellect and mental processes is what is known as psychology (Connell, 2018). History is a social field that investigates how previous events came to be in existence. Social philosophy is the scientific study of organization and governance, even if sociology and cultural studies are interdependent. It has been analyzed that the concept of sociology differs from social science as it studies human behavior along with the concerned society that would create knowledge about the misdeeds of the society and the consequence of the effects. Depending on the other social sciences focus on the other aspects of human nature and behavior (Gond and Moser, 2021). Considering the example which depends on the psychology that helps to investigate the working principle of the mind and other external stimuli. The main understanding of human behavior is generally based on the economic concept. It has been analyzed that the social sciences are different from that other sociology principles.

The main aspect of the other social sciences helps to examine the political science of society and its psychological significance. The purpose of sociology is not to depend on the physical environment by manipulating it based on adopting scientific theories. The main concept of sociology is based on an understanding of the structure of society and the associated human behavior. Sociology depends on the working of the various social sciences thta including the concept of anthropology and the field of economics (Sanz-Hernández et al. 2019). The examination of human behavior is completely designed under the sociology concept. There is a great difference in the concept of social science as it depends on various human behavior.  It has been emphasized that economics and other political science dependents are only limited to the estimation of certain human connections. Sociology not only tracks the activity of political behavior and economic aspects but also interacts with all possible social life of individuals. The comprehensive behavior of sociology is the characteristics of it but the social sciences help to evaluate the study of the life of human behavior. All facets of the social system are of interest to the sociologist (St. Pierre, 2021). Political science, on the other side, is a subfield of social science that examines the fundamentals of how human society is organized and governed. It focuses on the expansion and growth of the government as an institution as well as potential reforms to increase the organization's efficiency. Sociology can deal with the social behavior of humans but political science is based on the individual form of association. Sociology most probably differs from many social sciences principles. 

Q.3 Explanation of two sociological perspectives?

The two sociological perspectives are functionalism and feminism. The most important aspect of the functionalist states that all humans share values that are all equal and the norms are also the same. The value of consensus and the sense of unity (Ormerod, 2020). The main concept of functionalism is to consider society as the whole thing and the social functions of the society need to be assimilated together. The main function of functionalism is that it completely relies on consensus and the thinking and concern that people who share the same norms and principles. It has been analyzed that feminist always views the functionalist as different one as it implies that the institutions depend on the benefits in equal measurements of all the members.  It suggests the blind view that comprises of gender aspect. This perspective of feminism has a tremendous impact on sociology. The highly positive view of feminism comprises the highly positive thinking that depends on the family which is based on the concept of feminism. Male dominance is the symbol of the patriarchal society but based on sociological factors feminist has argued that the only patriarchal society is the family. It points out that feminists can discuss the operation of the power class but on the other hand, there is no other perception of power attribution of any capital or labor. The thought that is simply based on the feminist view states that labor power is generated in the family and it is the main relationship that contributes to capitalism aspects (McPhillips, 2022). So in the outlook of sociological factors, it is the woman who is the main aspect of the production of labor power for commercialism. Therefore, it acts as the main point of view of the labor army that acts as the providence of cheap labor. The main claim that has been represented by feminism points out that the presentation view of the sociological factors depends on the various elements of social life. The concept of the mainstream is considered to be the “male stream” perspective.

Based on the perspectives of functionalists, the view of society is considered to be a rational system that is on the verge of working together to meet the requirements of the entire society (Baligar, 2018). The liberal concept of feminism is to define the importance of formal legal justice for women. The theory of feminism is to expose the importance of the binary opposition of gender forms. The associated traditional norms of society are based on this division of theory.

Q.4 Discussion of two contrasting sociological perspectives explains the social function of any specific social institution?

The family plays several important roles in society. In addition, the stability of the family and the strength of society are harmed by abrupt or far-reaching changes in the process of the family.  The functional perspective focuses on the fact that social institutions play several important roles in assisting to maintain social stability and other aspects of a society's functioning. As a result, various ways are adopted by the family which provides a better solution for society (Halima et al. 2022).  These are emphasized in a functional understanding of the family. As a result, important roles are played by the family.  The primary socializing group for children is the family. Socialization occurs primarily within the family in the majority of societies. Children are socialized from birth by their parents, siblings, and, if the family is extended rather than nuclear, other relatives. Ideally, members of a family receive a significant amount of emotional and practical support from the family. It gives them food, clothing, a place to live, and other necessities. It also gives them love, comfort, assistance when they are feeling down, and other kinds of intangible support that we all need. Fourth, members of the family acquire a social identity (Febbraro, 2020). Children are born into the social class, race, ethnicity, religion, and other characteristics of their parents. Social identity is crucial to our chances in life, as we saw in earlier chapters. While some children face numerous challenges as a result of the social class or race/ethnicity into which they are born is at the bottom of the social hierarchy, others enjoy advantages throughout life as a result of the social identity that they acquire from their parents.

The main concept of feminism is to consider gender as the equally constructed one. This emphasizes the role of gender and the significant institution and norms of behavior. It is found in something different societies (Bishu et al. 2019). It is the main concept of society to consider women as having different views. The feminist has the potential in criticizing the roles that are related to the traditional family. The main concept of view of feminism is that they believe that socializing of girls accepts the ductile role within the family whereas boys tend to be in a superior position as this has been caused due to the influence of the parental relationship within the family. The only possible acceptance of the role of power is the socialization of the women into being housewives and per5form the roles. The family is accepted as the most breeding level where the defined patriarchal values are being adopted by the individual. Feminists must set policies that help in supporting the equality that exists in the relationship that will encourage women to cope with the circumstances in daily social life. Feminists are regarded as the reserve of cheap labor. The new explanation regarding the perspectives of feminism helps to form the strong structural transformation of society. The view of the social feminist is to rely on the importance of family and it investigates the social rights and the appropriate accommodations for the woman. The other approach of the feminist is to create the importance of a society that is based on gender equality. It also depends on the factors of race and socially challenging structures of society. It helps to demonstrate the social existence of the women in perspective of their roles in the family. They are considered to be the main social interaction and practice working criteria in the family. Feminism is considered to be the changes in society also.



Baligar, M.P., 2018. Gender theories in sociology. IJRAR-International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews, pp.617-619.

Bishu, S.G., Guy, M.E. and Heckler, N., 2019. Seeing gender and its consequences. Journal of Public Affairs Education25(2), pp.145-162.

Connell, R., 2018. Decolonizing sociology. Contemporary Sociology47(4), pp.399-407.

Febbraro, A.R., 2020. Critical feminist history of psychology versus sociology of scientific knowledge: Contrasting views of women scientists?. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology40(1), p.7.

Gond, J.P. and Moser, C., 2021. Critical essay: The reconciliation of fraternal twins: Integrating the psychological and sociological approaches to ‘micro’corporate social responsibility. Human Relations74(1), pp.5-40.

Halima, D.S., MOHAMMED, A.S. and Manir, H.U.S.S.A.I.N.I., Effectiveness Of Logotherapy On Traumatized Women In Maiduguri Internally Displaced Camp, Nigeria: Sociological Perspective.

Luke, A., 2018. Literacy and the other: A sociological approach to literacy research and policy in multilingual societies. In Critical Literacy, Schooling, and Social Justice (pp. 225-243). Routledge.

McPhillips, K., 2022. Reconstructing Women's Religious Agency: Critical Feminist Perspectives and the Ekklesia of Women. Australian Association for the Study of Religions Book Series, pp.16-16.

Ormerod, R., 2020. The history and ideas of sociological functionalism: Talcott Parsons, modern sociological theory, and the relevance for OR. Journal of the Operational Research Society71(12), pp.1873-1899.

Sanz-Hernández, A., Esteban, E. and Garrido, P., 2019. Transition to a bioeconomy: Perspectives from social sciences. Journal of Cleaner Production224, pp.107-119.

Small, M.L. and Pager, D., 2020. Sociological perspectives on racial discrimination. Journal of Economic Perspectives34(2), pp.49-67.

Small, M.L. and Pager, D., 2020. Sociological perspectives on racial discrimination. Journal of Economic Perspectives34(2), pp.49-67.

St. Pierre, E.A., 2021. Post qualitative inquiry, the refusal of method, and the risk of the new. Qualitative Inquiry27(1), pp.3-9.

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