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The evolution is a term that is generally mentioned in Biology. But nowadays, it is present in every sphere of life. Let's discuss the evolutionary theory of stress response.
The evolution theory that is based on the shapes and emotional connections with the objects, ratios of the preferred mate body and so many aspects of the aesthetic examinations is especially known as Aesthetic Evolution.
In accordance with the author, all organisms on the earth have stress levels better able to give stress response to coupe witty the threats of the concerned environment. Stress is nothing but a process with the help of which the animals enable the organism to get along with the factors by which they are stressed, in their surroundings.
The researchers say that there was a long-time debate between Charles Darwin and Wallace. Wallace strongly defends the position that biota is highly not liked in case of choice of mate in nature and the nature of selection is adequate.
The stress may be the extreme condition of weather, the deficiency of resources, predators, pathogens, etc. Naturally, all organisms have stress responses. That is mainly maintained by the hormones such as Glucocorticoids in the case of vertebrates. The model of evolution can able to predict the way of variation of the stress hormones with age, seasonal changes as well as experience.
The process of aesthetic evolution takes in not only the arbitrary evolution but also the process of determining the sexual partners in order to survive the organisms (Spiridonov, 2018). Although this is distinct from the natural mode of selection as it is a kind of underrated to the fitness of maximizes. The deficiency of such measures is that it is able, to sum up, all the influences from external to internal on the capacity of the particular capacity of the reproduction.
According to the author, having a good understanding of the field of evolution in case of the stress response as well as the constraints that are related to this field determines how the organism reacts to the changes in the environment.
The researcher tells that aesthetic evolution is a new area for sake of applying the understanding of the segment of the macro evolutionary theory of evolution. It is welcomed as a new development in biology that will more or less catalyze the mode of future research.
Use of examples
Figure 1: Evo-Mecho Prediction for the stress response
(Source: Taborsky, et al. 2021 )
The stress response in the optimal case can be pointed out by the dynamic programming that depends on the state of the organism denoted by the grey line. That is compared with the light blue lines symbolizing evolved stress response from a kind of simulation model in a mechanistic way. In the response to the threat that is going to be detected at the time t=0 means at the first level.
Figure 2: Aesthetic Evolution
(Source: Spiridonov, 2018)
In the above Venn diagram, it is shown that the richness of the evolutionary process at an evolutionary dynamics at a single level. The dynamics of the specified regions mentioned as A, B, C, D, and E denoted the outcomes of the directional genetic as well as the phenotypic.
First of all, the reader should properly read the biology. Then the minimum interest in the topic of evolution is needed. That will help to study the topic. In order to get a good lesson, the readers should follow the original theory of evolution of the father of evolution Charles Darwin. That will help to create a clear concept in this field (Coccia, 2019). Asv the topic of evolution is related to nthe3 nature directly, so observation is also needed for proper understanding. The macroevolution is related to the anatomy, molecular biology, biogeography as w2ell as the study of fossils. Therefore it is needed for the readers to study such topics at first if he or she has another background or has a deficiency in such kinds of knowledge. Evolution plays a very important role in the field of our daily lives (Fábregas-Tejeda and Vergara-Silva, 2018). There are so many examples of evolution in the field of medicine too. In order to stay updated or step ahead of any kind of disease related to the pathogen, the researchers have to understand the evolutionary process of the organisms related to the diseases.
The theory of evolution has a great impact on the stress response (Taborsky, et al. 2021).It will help to research in the field of the mathematical theory of the stress response as well as the concerned ecosystem too.
Aesthetic evolution is a new area for sake of applying the understanding of the segment of the macro evolutionary theory of evolution (Spiridonov, 2018). Although the example produced above is based on a formal survey. This kind of research has not been satisfactorily updated.
Figure 3: Carbon Flows
In the given carbon cycle, the formation of atmospheric carbon is explained. The amount of CO2 that dissolved in the ocean has a reversible relationship with that of the atmospheric CO2. The Photosynthesis is process through which plant makes its food with the help of CO2 in the presence of sunlight. Through this process, carbon is digested by the green organisms of nature. The plants and microorganisms also exhale CO2 and ethanol by the biochemical process of anaerobic respiration at night time. There are so many other sources that emit carbon di oxide in the environment. The process of combustion of the green plants and the fossils emits CO2 in the atmosphere which helps to make a cycling process of CO2 in the environment. So many materials like chalk and limestone also are the source of atmospheric carbon. Many industrial activities like the cement production industry also release high amount of CO2 in the environment.
Figure 4: Carbon Flows
The carbon flows between each reservoir in interchange is better known as the carbon cycle (Li, et al. 2019). The main aim of the carbon cycle is to shift out the carbon component from one reservoir putting more carbon in the other reservoir. On the earth, the ocean is the largest source of carbon. The figure mentioned above informs us that there is a carbon cycle that exists in our surroundings and has a great impact on our life (Hare, et al. 2019). The above figure tells that in the era of 1500 AD the amount of carbon dioxide that was present in the atmosphere had a reverse process too with the carbon present in the biosphere. Although there is also another reversible process of carbon is presented in between an Oceanic source of carbon and atmospheric carbon. The carbon of the oceanic source has the possibility of conversion to the atmospheric carbon which means the oceanic carbon may become the carbonic compound of the air too. This also has a vice versa process. The carbon that comes from the lithosphere zone is easy to become part of the carbon compound of the environment.
Figure 5: Carbon Flows
The carbon flow in the area of 2000AD describes that the amount of carbon dioxide that is present in the atmosphere has a reverse process too with the carbon present in the biosphere. Although there is also another reversible process of carbon is presented here (Hopper, et al. 2021). On account of the increase of acidity level in the ocean for the reason of water pollution, the amount of carbon dioxide has been increased in the ocean. That is also responsible for the swelling of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere (Antil and Warma, 2018). But the amount of carbon that existed in the biosphere in 2000AD is going to be low in case of volume in the comparison with the 1500 AD. It is responsible for minimizing the carbon amount in the lithospheric region of the earth compared to the previous era.
Figure 6: The Carbon cycle (Provided) Figure 7: Carbon Cycle (Chosen)
About the diagram
In this cycle, it is described that what the sources of the carbon di oxide are in the environment.
Diagram 2 specifically describes 2 types of carbon cycle named as the biogeochemical carbon cycle and the geological carbon cycle.
Sources of Carbon di oxide in the atmosphere
In accordance with the diagram 1, it is clear that the main sources of carbon di oxide in the atmosphere is green plants and some microorganisms. Although it is fact that through the process of Photosynthesis the green component of the nature absorb CO2 to makes their food in the presence of the sunlight. But, at night time evidently, the plants along with some microorganisms such as yeast excreted the carbon di oxide along with ethanol to produce energy.
According to diagram 2,
Along with respiration of green plants, the respiration of the animals that consumes the organic compounds also are one of the eminent source of carbon di oxide in the atmosphere. During the respiration, the animal inhales Oxygen from the nature and exhales the Carbon di oxide in return to the environment.
Diagram 1 says that after year and year the dead plants become fossils that stored carbon in a huge amount. When it turn into minerals like coal, oil, gas it becomes a big source of carbon dioxide. At the time of combustion, in the presence of atmospheric oxygen, such oil gas or fossils release huge amount of carbon dioxide in the environment.
According to the diagram 2,
After death, the body of the animals, and the plants emit carbon through the dead organic matter such as ashes, dried bones, etc. Such kind of dead materials are decomposed by the many bacteria that are responsible for the degradation of these materials. This helps to return carbon to the environment as a form of carbon dioxide. Through the process of fossilization, it is possible the formation of carbon from the green compounds. After that, the fossils are used in the fuels. Now the fuels release the carbon in the form of carbon dioxide through the process of combustion in nature in the presence of the atmospheric oxygen.
Figure 8: Population Density
Figure 9: Concentration of Oxygen
iii) From the above table, it is come known that the amount of Oxygen in the freshwater is always greater than that in seawater. In the extreme cold region, where the temperature is almost 1 degree, the amount of oxygen present in the freshwater is 14 ppm whereas it is 11 ppm in the seawater (Markey-Towler, 2019). In the region where the temperature is as high as 30 degrees the amount of oxygen is 1.5 ppm greater than that of in the seawater.
Antil, H. and Warma, M., 2018. OPTIMAL CONTROL OF THE COEFFICIENT FOR FRACTIONAL $ P $-LAPLACE EQUATION: APPROXIMATION AND CONVERGENCE (Theory of Evolution Equation and Mathematical Analysis of Nonlinear Phenomena). 2090, pp.102-116.
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