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As the manager of the contracting company Bridges to last, employed as a civil engineer the planning is discussed. Our company has been appointed by the local government of Sunderland to widen a major road which crosses the countryside outside the city. The foremost task in this exercise was to remove the existing footbridge and also to repair a new bridge. Before the road work is to be undertaken it was very important to remove an old bridge before widening the road and also to disrepair the footbridge which spans the road, need to be done. This old structure is required to be replaced with the long bridge which spans the widening of the road. The new footbridge also needed to be vigorous enough to allow space for cattle and horses from the field onto the other fields. As a manager this is also discussed to the farmer name Brain Bovine who owns the land on both sides where the construction is going to take place. The farmer was worried about acquiring there place and which can damage the field which will result in disruption to his livelihood. As the manager of the company, it is my responsibility to organize a team and encourage them to work collaboratively to plan development strategies or plan to work on activities.
In this project, there were several barriers and issues which I faced as the manager, by resolving the issues of the farmer to ensure the budget. For making a project successful it is very important to resolve every issue which is a barrier in the path. As a manager of the company, it was very important to select the right members of the team who are effective and work with full efficiency. The key issues which I as manager faced during this project were as follows:
The first thing as the manager of this project I have done is contacting the farmer Brain Bovine, who was the owner of the land which was coming between the road widening projects. As I talked to the farmer the things I get to know his concern regarding his land and his livelihood which depends on that land. The initial step as the manager I have to consider is reassuring the farmer by describing the whole plan to him and also making sure that he clearly understands and agrees to the term and conditions.Before further processing, it is very important to make sure that the farmer whose land is considered for the road widening project needs to agree on the contract and agreed on it with no force (Liuet. al.2018). Our company with support from the local government has made a contract which includes very little detail regarding the land and the project which our company has been assigned to perform for the development of the area and convince the general public of the local government of Sunderland. The contract includes details regarding the land required for the construction of the footbridge and the appropriate compensation which local government is providing him. The contract also states detailed information regarding the crop damage of farmers with appropriate compensation from the government. Our company will not start construction until the farmer does not agree to the contract as it is our responsibility also to make sure that the farmer gives his full concern regarding the usage of his land.
The next part of the process of widening the road and building the footbridge is the appointment of demolition contractors. A demolition contractor is responsible for removing buildings, bridges, structures, and homes from their sites. The demolition contractor is also the one who is responsible for the demolition of all wreckage and building materials from their particular sites after demolition projects are been completed (Aslamet. al. 2020). Demolition contractors have several types of jobs to perform which are the demolition of concrete structures, demolition of wood, demolition of asphalt surfaces, demolition of underground piping and drainage systems, demolition of old railroad ties, and demolition of structural constructions. These demolition contractors have companies or agencies, from which we need to hire them. Some contractors do not hire subcontractors and for that, we might have to pay more money to get them to do the work, however, they have the skill and expertise necessary to complete the demolition job successfully.So as a manager I asked my team members to appoint a good demolition contractor who is responsible for working and also collecting the waste and leaving out material after demolition (Ponnadaand Kameswari, 2015)
Before the appointment of a demolition contractor, it is very important to finalize the designs and structure of wide major road which crosses the countryside outside the city. The design of the whole project must consider the road work which removes an old bridge before widening the road and also to disrepair footbridge which spans the road, need to be done. The design must be in the way that the old structure is replaced with a longer bridge that spans the widening of the road(Johnson, 2017) After that design of the new footbridge needs to be prepared it must be vigorous enough to allow space for cattle and horses from the field on to the other fields. I explained all the requirements of this project to the design team and what kind of structure is required and also told them to keep in mind the space and all necessary details in mind (Barkerand Puckett, 2021). The most important for the design is that the land of the farmer should not be damaged, so for that, I explained to the designer team which is appointed to keep in mind that.
Making sure that the contractor that we are appointing for this project is fulfilling all the requirements and also signs the contract. As the manager of this whole project, I have prepared a checklist that includes collecting the details which are the name, phone number, EIN, or ID, and also some basic information like their skills and portfolio of work they have done. After analyzing all documents my team prepared a contract that includes every single detail of the project and its requirements which asked the contractor if he needs to sign and agree on the contract. Before the appointment, I also negotiated the price and payments option that the contractor is preferring, and also shared these details with my finance team. For avoiding the unknown participant in the money laundering scheme, my finance team instructed me to properly verify the identity of the contractor by performing a KYC or AML check before sending any kind of payment to the contractor(Sackset. al.2018).
After the finalization and signing of the contract, I took all the files and documents to meet the local government authority. Explain the authority and finalize the plan I have presented them with all the details and timing which were required for doing this project, in which I have requested them to close some of the major areas and roads during this whole process by keeping in mind the safety of the general public and also the animals. This step of the whole process is very important because the local government authority has the power to regulate and order the closing of major areas managing the public during this whole process. According to the needs of the contract I have asked for around 45 days for doing this project, in this specific time, our company and team will complete the work.
For storing the materials, tools, and machinery all are required for the construction and demolition on-field. The team has rented the big warehouse near the area of construction. The warehouse is quite big as I have personally inspected that during by field inspection, all the materials which are needed in the construction are to be stored in that warehouse which is around 300-meter ways from the site but with the help of transport contractors can easily bring the raw material to the site of construction.
Before starting the work it is very important to establish all the facilities for the labor and contractors and other staff members working on the site, these facilities include temporary offices, a canteen, security, toilets, and most important temporary fencing by which animals can not enter the site. Our on-field team has made a blueprint for the allocation of all the facilities on site. Toilets need to be adequate for the worker and our team has also placed washing facilities next to toilets and changing rooms for the convenience of ladies' workers (Schwabeet. al. 2019)
Designing the program or schedule for all the work was my task, I was the in charge of deciding the timings and dates of demolition and construction work to be started. After analyzing and evaluating all the plans and needs of the project I prepared a whole schedule for doing the work step by step also allocated work accordingly to all the teams and divided the budgets among all the teams. The development program or plan includes all the necessary details like the closing time of the road when the road are to be shut and the time for the demolition of the old bridge after the construction of the new bridge. The most of time is given to construction as it will take more time to construct a bridge rather than demolition it. Demolition is one day job that is scheduled at the starting part of the program.
It is very important to understand the usage of different cranes, when to use the big ones and when to use small ones because both are going to need in this project. For looking after all these choreographies of working related to cranes and other machinery my civil engineer's team it's their responsibility to look after all these matters and also suggested they talk to the contractor regarding the needs of these cranes and work with him as a team.
As manager of the whole program, it is my responsibility to give priority to the health and safety of the worker and staff members working on the site as well in the whole project who are visiting the site and also the safety of people living near the area of construction. The first stage of this project is demolition which is very risky work for people living near the area of demolition, people working on site, and also the animals which are near that area (Huang and Wong, 2015). It is my team's priority to ensure everybody's safety. In keeping this in mind, the safety, we are offering training and information and taking all the necessary steps to prevent any kind of danger.
Our team has also conducted a survey on the environmental needs of flora and fauna which helps us in the identification of fauna habitats and recognition of discrete ecological plant communities. This survey includes the environmental impact of the proposed development by addressing the relevant clauses from the local environmental plan according to flora and fauna protection and management (Hoffmannet. al. 2019) As the construction we also look after the protection and also the management of the environment, we try our best to save the environment.
At the time of making the whole plan, we have also finalized the budget accordingly and every cost and expense to be incurred during the whole project. All this budget is made by the finance team and also finalized by our higher authorities of the company and further discussed with the local government officials who authorize construction (Neuet. al.2015). After the agreement of all the higher authorities, we discussed the offering to the contractor and labor and negotiated the agreement my prioritizing their needs and also the budget agreed in the common terms.
Aslam, M.S., Huang, B. and Cui, L., 2020. Review of construction and demolition waste management in China and the USA. Journal of Environmental Management, 264, p.110445.
Barker, R.M. and Puckett, J.A., 2021. Design of highway bridges: An LRFD approach. John wiley& sons.
Hoffmann, A.A., Rymer, P.D., Byrne, M., Ruthrof, K.X., Whinam, J., McGeoch, M., Bergstrom, D.M., Guerin, G.R., Sparrow, B., Joseph, L. and Hill, S.J., 2019. Impacts of recent climate change on terrestrial flora and fauna: Some emerging Australian examples. Austral Ecology, 44(1), pp.3-27.
Huang, C. and Wong, C.K., 2015. Optimisation of site layout planning for multiple construction stages with safety considerations and requirements. Automation in Construction, 53, pp.58-68.
Johnson, D.V., 2017. Essentials of bridge engineering. Oxford and IBH Publishing.
Liu, Y., Li, J. and Yang, Y., 2018. Strategic adjustment of land use policy under the economic transformation. Land use policy, 74, pp.5-14.
Neu, D., Everett, J. and Rahaman, A.S., 2015. Preventing corruption within government procurement: Constructing the disciplined and ethical subject. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 28, pp.49-61.
Ponnada, M. and Kameswari, P., 2015. Construction and demolition waste management–A review. safety, 84, pp.19-46.
Sacks, R., Eastman, C., Lee, G. and Teicholz, P., 2018. BIM handbook: A guide to building information modeling for owners, designers, engineers, contractors, and facility managers. John Wiley & Sons.
Schwabe, K., Teizer, J. and König, M., 2019. Applying rule-based model-checking to construction site layout planning tasks. Automation in construction, 97, pp.205-219.
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