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Capital Gain and Capital Acquisition Tax

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Introduction: Capital Gain and Capital Acquisition Tax

The study has covered the details of principal private residence relief and its exemptions criteria. It is going to cover various examples based on the restrictions and their explanations. The PPR is going to be explained by a demonstration of the occupation period, and ownership period. The study also is going to explain the notional gain and its identification criteria. It is going to cover the capital gain exemptions with further details regarding the applicability of the PPR. This study is going to highlight the key points of PPR validation and application detailing. It is going to include property valuation term details by identifying the restrictions, preferred rules, and regulations.

Explanation of (PPR) Principle Private Residence Relief

PPR can be identified as an exemption from CGT if an individual disposes of a property that is out of his own and has lived as a resident of the property. The main objective of measuring PPR is to determine the ownership date and the contract exchange date for a property in terms of selling the commodity (Sarin et al. 2022). The PPR can arise when there is a gain of CGT in terms of disposal of the principal private residence.

Hence, it can be referred to as selling a property which can conclude major exemption and can be based on the period of occupancy for the individual owner. The relief extension can be dependent on the period that he owned the property (Kakoulidou and Roantree, 2021). If the individual has used the house as the main residence during the entire ownership time it can create a major exemption from CGT.

The PPR relief can be decreased in absence of the individual on the property. However, the gain is measured by this formula, "Gain" period of occupation/period of ownership”. This equation can help to evaluate the overall exemption and capital gain for a specific property. The major aspect of this valuation measurement is stated below:

Ownership period:

It is considered as the total valuation of time from the occupying date and the last date till disposal. This element is considered in terms of identifying the overall exemption in the PPR factor and other areas.

Occupation period:

It is considered by the actual occupation period that an individual used the residential area or the house from the very first date. Therefore, it also evaluates the occupation or redeemed period. It can be figured out by a specific period where the particular individual has worked abroad or a time not more than 4 years when the individual has lived in Ireland due to employment.

It has also considered the last ownership of 12 months that have included for occupation period can also be concluded under the principal private residence. Concerning this, the resident of Ireland or anywhere else can apply this method in terms of having these factors. I) The house can only be occupied by himself before or just after the period of his absence. II) The particular individual must have no other residence at that time for qualifying under PPR (Revenue. ie, 2023).

For example:

It can be assumed that an individual buys a property in 2019 for 250000 and sells the property in November 2020 for 650000. However, the individual has utilized one-fifth of the property for commercial usage and cleaned for 4th of the 5th percent which is 80% or approx 0.8 exemption proportion for the property. The person can have a payment for CGT of about 150 or approx 0.2% of his chargeable capital gain. Therefore, the segregation is stated below.

The sale price of the property is 650000 and the purchased value vision is 250000. Additionally, the person has a chargeable gain of 400000. However, the PPR relief is (400000*0.8) =320000. Further, the deductible valuation is 1270. Hence, the taxable gain is (320000 + 1270 - 400000) = 78730. The CGT due value is (33% of 78730) =25980.


Additionally, there are also a few restrictions that an individual can face in terms of living on the property. In case, (I) the individual is not living as he is absent, it can be considered as the new purchaser cannot live there for a maximum of 4 years (Brangan, 2021). (II) if the purchaser had a job and he executes his job in external areas of Ireland or not in the Republic of Ireland. (II) They can remain unified if the new purchaser receives services in a hospital convalescent home or nursing home in this country. (IV) The owner can be in a state of retirement and pay his fees for the home regularly.

Restriction regarding property development value

A property may have a better valuation and can help to evaluate higher value which is also referred to as "development value". Therefore, the major valuation of determining PPR relief can be applied in terms of the land or a specific property having better development value.

Identification of national gain:

i) Critically measuring the part of expenses.

It can be determined by multiplying the overall expenses of sale divided by the current value of the property (Revenue. ie, 2023). This result can be divided by the price of selling.

ii) Subtraction of the resultant value from the current valuation of the property.

These factors are critically considered for measuring the national gain and can be implemented for developing the identification of capital gains and taxes. However, the above activities can critically figure out the overall issues and the changes in the overall valuation of a property in terms of measuring its current value and future values.

Notional gain has been used to demonstrate the part of expenses of the property by taking considered total expenses of the sale value multiplied by the current use value of the property. Divided this entire proportion of total expenses by the sales price of the property. If the property is in the development valuation, PPR provided various restrictions and in that case, the owner is required to calculate notional gain. For example, the calculation of notional gain has been mentioned if there is a current valuation of the property amounting to 300000 Euro. The notional gain of the property should be taken considered the deduction part of expenses of sale of the current use value of the property. However, the deduction part is mentioned as 7500 euros by taking consider the expenses value of sales of the property as 10000 euros, current use of property valuation amounting to 300000 euros.

This entire proportion has been divided by the sales valuation that amounting to 400000 euros. However, the entire notional gain of the property has been mentioned as amounting to 292500 euro (Revenue. ie 2023). In the case of the partial exemption of the PPR property relief, it has been taken considered the value multiplier of 3.74 by the 1st value of the purchase by the owner that is amounting to 54000 euros. The partial relief valuation has been mentioned as amounting to 90432 euros. However, the disposable cost of the property has been mentioned as 10000 euros, and after the deduction of this valuation from the allowable deduction expenses are mentioned as 187932 euros. Applicable partial PPR relief has been mentioned as amounting to 90432 euros and after that, the taxable gain is mentioned as 97500 euros. The CGT has been applied on the taxable gain portion of the property (Revenue. ie 2023). The percentage of the capital gain taxation has been indicated as 33% on the referred proprietary determination. The due valuation of CGT valuation mentioned as 97500 euro* 33%, hence, the amounting of CGT due is preferred as 32175 euro for the particular property. As per this evaluation of notional gain and capital gain taxation demonstration the owner of the property can pay the taxation amount on the last year of 1st December and file the return for the taxation on the next year of 31st October.

Application of PPR

The application of principal private residence relief has also allowed the partial usability of the property that has been mentioned as home and it has been applicable for the relief based on the preferred restrictions. In this partial property relief, part has not been affected by the rent-a-room scheme. The PPR has been Applicable for development value and the property that has been not always used by the owner (Revenue. ie 2023). All these three areas of PPR have been applicable for the property taxation aspects by maintaining the restrictions. Calculation of notional gain has been used to explain the current value use of the property.


The term PPR has been defined as principal private residence relief along with the applicability of the capital gain evaluation. It has covered the reasons and main objectives of PPR relief and its applicability. The study has included major exemptions and explains simple formula regarding the calculation of PPR relief. The relief evaluation has been calculated by taking considered the gain by multiplying the period of occupation or period of ownership. This report has also covered the notional gain and its identification. It has also included the measuring parts of expenses of property in the calculation of notional gain.


Kakoulidou, T. and Roantree, B., 2021. Options for raising tax revenue in Ireland (No. 2022/1). Budget Perspectives.

Sarin, N., Summers, L., Zidar, O. and Zwick, E., 2022. Rethinking how we score capital gains tax reform. Tax Policy and The Economy, 36(1), pp.1-33.

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