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“Social Media” refers to the general online community. “Social Media” are some websites or applications that people use to share and create content. However, several studies suggest that people who use “Social Media” are happier than those who do not use “Social Media”. However, there are many negative impacts of “Social Media” that can also be seen. Sometimes, “Social Media” causes anxiety, depression, and other psychological problems (Foster, et al, 2020). Depression refers to the continuous feeling of sadness. In this situation, the individual does not enjoy those activities that they enjoyed once. People with depression may feel worthless and sometimes commit suicide. Mental health nurses can play a major role in this situation. Mental health nurses provide care regarding the psychological problems of the patients. The tasks of mental nurses may include, diagnosis of the psychological issues, psychotherapy, providing medication and so on. Hence, the mental health nurses provide mental and physical needs of the patients.
Humans are social beings and cannot live alone. If a person is socially connected, depression and stress can be reduced. Hence, it can be said that “Social Media” can play a very important role in this. However, it can also be said that “Social Media” cannot replace real-world society and real interaction with people. Sometimes, the in-person connection is important to release hormones that make one feel happier and reduce stress. In these cases, “Social Media” cannot be very effective (Evans, et al. 2019). However, the fact is, sometimes, “Social Media” is the reason for the loneliness and depression of people. However, spending an excessive amount of time on “Social Media” can be very harmful to psychological well-beings.
“Social Media” provides a virtual interaction, which is not the same as face-to-face interaction. However, it has some positive impacts on human society, those are,
“Social Media” is a new technology. Hence, it is very important to discuss the impact of “Social Media” use on human psychology,
(Source: Coyne et al. 2020)
There are some signs that can be indications of the impact of “Social Media” on the mental health of a person. These have been discussed below,
“Bandura's Social Learning Theory”: Bandura proposed four “meditational processes”. Those are,
(Source: Gao et al 2020)
However, from the above description, it can be said that how a person learns social behaviour and performs it. However, in this case, this is very helpful to understand the use of “Social Media” and the way it becomes a part of the behaviour of a person.
The major role of mental health nurses is to provide mental and physical health care support to patients who are suffering from psychiatric disorders or any other mental health issues. The roles of mental health nurses have been discussed below,
“The contingency leadership theory”: this theory focuses on the fact that the leaders change their style of leadership on the basis of the changing situation. When an emergency comes, the nurses may play the role of authoritarian style. According to this theory, the leadership style of the nurses may differ according to the different situations.
Figure 3: Contingency leadership theory
(Source: Usher et al. 2019)
“Transformational Leadership”: this theory focuses on interpersonal relationships. Factors like motives, desire, goals, and others may have an impact on this. The main role of the transformational leader is to make the vision of other staff clear. The development of vision must be developed based on the goal of the organization (López?López, et al. 2019). A Transformational Leader encourages the staff and motivates them to work hard to achieve the goal of the organization.
Figure 4: Transformational Leadership
(Source: López?López et al. 2019)
“Expectancy Theory”: this theory focuses on the fact that the needs of individuals have an impact on the behaviour of the person. This theory also suggested that motivation might build a positive relationship between a person's performance and effort. Feedback can be one of the most important factors that may help to increase the motivation of a person. This is also very helpful to grow the organization faster (Tang, et al. 2020). Hence, according to this theory, the nursing staff must be motivated during their work and they must be provided valuable feedback on their work.
Figure 5: Expectancy Theory
(Source: Tang, et al. 2020)
“Social Media” are the general online community. Virtual interaction on “Social Media” may have a positive impact on the psychological well-being of a person. There are many positive impacts of “Social Media”. The major impacts may include easy interaction with the people. This is very useful for marginalized people and useful to those who live in district areas. However, some of the negative impacts of “Social Media” may include, "Inadequacy about your life", "Fear of missing out", cyber bullying and many more. Due to the "Fear of missing out", the person shakes the “Social Media” notification very frequently; this may lead to an addiction to “Social Media”.
However, cyber bullying can be considered the most negative factor of “Social Media”. Due to cyber-bullying, most young people are affected. Lies, rumours, and bullying may affect the mental health of a person. Hence, it can be said that people must use “Social Media” very wisely. "Social learning theory" of Bandura focuses on the behavioural development of a person. Hence, it can be said that “Social Media” user behaviour can be described with the help of this theory. Mental health nurses can play a major role to ensure the health of young people who are affected by the use of “Social Media”. Anxiety, depression, and other psychological problems can be seen among the people, who use “Social Media” excessively.
Abbas, J., Aman, J., Nurunnabi, M. and Bano, S., 2019. The impact of “Social Media” on learning behavior for sustainable education: Evidence of students from selected universities in Pakistan. Sustainability, 11(6), p.1683.
Coyne, S.M., Rogers, A.A., Zurcher, J.D., Stockdale, L. and Booth, M., 2020. Does time spent using “Social Media” impact mental health?: An eight year longitudinal study. Computers in Human Behavior, 104, p.106160.
Evans, K., Nizette, D., O'Brien, A. and Johnson, K. eds., 2019. Psychiatric and mental health nursing in the UK. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Foster, K., Roche, M., Giandinoto, J.A. and Furness, T., 2020. Workplace stressors, psychological well?being, resilience, and caring behaviours of mental health nurses: A descriptive correlational study. International journal of mental health nursing, 29(1), pp.56-68.
Foster, K., Shochet, I., Wurfl, A., Roche, M., Maybery, D., Shakespeare?Finch, J. and Furness, T., 2018. On PAR: A feasibility study of the Promoting Adult Resilience programme with mental health nurses. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 27(5), pp.1470-1480.
Gao, J., Zheng, P., Jia, Y., Chen, H., Mao, Y., Chen, S., Wang, Y., Fu, H. and Dai, J., 2020. Mental health problems and “Social Media” exposure during COVID-19 outbreak. Plos one, 15(4), p.e0231924.
Holmberg, C., Caro, J. and Sobis, I., 2018. Job satisfaction among Swedish mental health nursing personnel: Revisiting the two?factor theory. International journal of mental health nursing, 27(2), pp.581-592.
Hou, Y., Xiong, D., Jiang, T., Song, L. and Wang, Q., 2019. “Social Media” addiction: Its impact, mediation, and intervention. Cyberpsychology: Journal of psychosocial research on cyberspace, 13(1).
Jones, J.S., Jones, J.S. and Beauvais, A.M., 2022. Psychiatric mental health nursing: An interpersonal approach. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Keles, B., McCrae, N. and Grealish, A., 2020. A systematic review: the influence of “Social Media” on depression, anxiety and psychological distress in adolescents. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 25(1), pp.79-93.
López?López, I.M., Gómez?Urquiza, J.L., Cañadas, G.R., De la Fuente, E.I., Albendín?García, L. and Cañadas?De la Fuente, G.A., 2019. Prevalence of burnout in mental health nurses and related factors: a systematic review and meta?analysis. International journal of mental health nursing, 28(5), pp.1035-1044.
Muir?Cochrane, E., O'Kane, D. and Oster, C., 2018. Fear and blame in mental health nurses’ accounts of restrictive practices: Implications for the elimination of seclusion and restraint. International journal of mental health nursing, 27(5), pp.1511-1521.
O’Reilly, M., Dogra, N., Whiteman, N., Hughes, J., Eruyar, S. and Reilly, P., 2018. Is “Social Media” bad for mental health and wellbeing? Exploring the perspectives of adolescents. Clinical child psychology and psychiatry, 23(4), pp.601-613.
Robinson, P., Turk, D., Jilka, S. and Cella, M., 2019. Measuring attitudes towards mental health using “Social Media”: investigating stigma and trivialisation. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 54(1), pp.51-58.
Romeu?Labayen, M., Tort?Nasarre, G., Rigol Cuadra, M.A., Giralt Palou, R. and Galbany?Estragués, P., 2022. The attitudes of mental health nurses that support a positive therapeutic relationship: The perspective of people diagnosed with BPD. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 29(2), pp.317-326.
Sweeney, A., Filson, B., Kennedy, A., Collinson, L. and Gillard, S., 2018. A paradigm shift: relationships in trauma-informed mental health services. BJPsych advances, 24(5), pp.319-333.
Tang, W., Hu, T., Yang, L. and Xu, J., 2020. The role of alexithymia in the mental health problems of home-quarantined university students during the COVID-19 pandemic in China. Personality and individual differences, 165, p.110131.
Tsoy, D., Tirasawasdichai, T. and Kurpayanidi, K.I., 2021. Role of “Social Media” in shaping public risk perception during Covid-19 pandemic: a theoretical review. International Journal of Management Science and Business Administration, 7(2), pp.35-41.
Usher, K., Durkin, J. and Bhullar, N., 2019. Eco-anxiety: How thinking about climate change-related environmental decline is affecting our mental health. International journal of mental health nursing.
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