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Cloud Computing Development

Introduction - Cloud Computing Development

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The primary purpose of this study is to show technical experience in using cloud computing services and also deploying and designing cloud-based application software. In this assignment, a cloud is chosen. The cloud services technology is used to calculate the inch, foot, and so on. Java is used to create the program. The result of the software is stored in the cloud computing system. A cloud computing system is a type of system used to save data.

Literature review


The following research includes key fundamentals such as Infrastructure-as-a-Service which is also known as IaaS, Software-as-a-Service which is also known as SaaS and Platform-as-a-Service which is also known as PaaS. It is required to select a provider of cloud computing that will supply either PaaS or IaaS, allowing them to host the SaaS network which will be made in this following research. It is required to select a host that will provide both full access and limited access to the storage and servers IaaS indicates full access and PaaS is somewhat limited access to implement a certain web application that will be designed in this following project.

SaaS is known as software-as-a-service. Devices can subscribe to and utilise programs that are based on the cloud through the Internet using the software as a service or SaaS. office tools, Email, calendaring are typical types like Microsoft Office 365 (Dang et al. 2019). SaaS is a comprehensive software application that may acquire from a provider of cloud service on a compensation basis. SaaS which is also known as software as a service is a paradigm of software distribution in which a provider of cloud hosts programs and makes them accessible to target consumers through the internet. It is one of three main cloud computing categories, along with infrastructure as a service or IaaS and platform as a service or PaaS.

Infrastructure as a service or IaaS is a sort of service related to cloud computing that provides on-demand storage, computation and the resources of networking on a compensation basis. IaaS, as well as with platform as a service or PaaS, software as a service or SaaS and serverless, is one of four categories of the services of cloud computing (Piran et al. 2019). IaaS service providers supply infrastructure to clients, usually involving servers, hardware, the space of data centre and storage, as well as the required components of networking for control or access of the operating leases. Moving the infrastructure of an organization to a solution of an Infrastructure as a service allows businesses to minimise on-premises network infrastructure maintenance, reduce cash on hardware, and gain business analytics that is in real-time. The solutions of IaaS enable companies to manage the resources of information technology down and up in response to demand. These also aid in the rapid provisioning of new apps and the increased reliability of the infrastructure of the company that is underlying. Companies may avoid the complexity and cost of managing and purchasing the actual servers and the equipment of the data centre by using IaaS (Han et al. 2019). Each commodity is provided as a component of a separate service, and the company only expects to be paid for the services which are used by the company only. The infrastructure is managed by a service provider of cloud computing, such as Azure, while customers install, purchase, maintain and configure the own software of the company, such as middleware, operating systems and applications.

Platform as a service or PaaS, also known as a platform of application as a service which is also known as PaaS, is a type of service related to cloud computing that allows clients to instantiate, arrange, manage and run a bundle that is reconfigurable consisting of a platform of computing and more than one application or one application, alone without the building complexity and the infrastructure maintenance generally involving with the process of launching and developing the application or launching and delivering more than one application and to enable developers to develop, create and deploy applications.

Platform as a service or PaaS is just a process of development of a comprehensive cloud and the environment of deployment of a comprehensive cloud with capabilities to create it all from apps that are based on clouds which are very simple to complex and the business systems that are based on the cloud.

An example of a platform as a service is the search engine of Google application, Microsoft azure and joyent.


Microsoft Azure

Microsoft azure is the example of the PaaS network. PaaS or Platform as a Service provides an operating system. It makes it very easy for programmers to test, design, publish and operate web applications. These programmes may be purchased on a compensation basis from a provider of cloud service and downloaded via an internet connection (Moon et al. 2019). The provider of cloud service manages the scalability of the back end in PaaS, so final consumers need not bother about the infrastructure controlling ability. To enable the life cycle of the web application, PaaS contains infrastructure which includes storage, servers and networking and platform such as development tools, middleware, the management systems of the database, actionable insights and more (Butt et al. 2019). Azure is just a platform of cloud computing and an interface online that enables users to manage and access the resources and services of Microsoft's cloud. All users need is a connection to active internet and the ability to connect to the portal of Azure to gain access to the services and services. The platforms and applications of Cloud computing are quickly expanding throughout all sectors in recent times, acting as the foundation of information technology that powers new digital firms. These applications and platforms have transformed the way firms operate and make operations more efficient. In reality, almost 77 per cent of firms now have at minimum a few of their computer systems inside the cloud. Microsoft Azure is among the major big hosts of the cloud service as they include a middle ground that is good between functionality and cost; for instance, users use an agreement that is service labelled, which guarantees a lower limit of 99.95 per cent uptime, as well as the operating system and the software being divvied up across numerous servers and places, minimising the likelihood of the critical errors based on the hardware of the system to an unlucky and freak occurrence. One may also actively increase assets with an automatic setting that is optional (Tariq et al. 2019). If it is assumed that it requires additional assets in the near term, it is required to set them up ahead of time rather than relying on the web host to analyze, recognize and react to this rising demand. It is indeed a big benefit for businesses that have a surge rate of network traffic at the time of peak periods since it provides the control or cost by deleting the booking at the time of off-peak periods to save operational expenses. The capability of numerous web hosts can have some very specific drawbacks, as there is no assurance that clients will connect with other people to the same server during one's lifetime (Jamal et al. 2019). That might be an issue for some programs that demand a domain-specific relationship with the client. Stateful links are those that retain previous activity and other related publications which can be transferred across sessions to other sites. Because this is a very specific occurrence that only happens on every software application, it is constantly overlooked. Furthermore, the database integrated into Azure for convenience of use has a storage capacity that is limited to 150GB, rendering Azure semi-unsuitable for the business of large scale and consumption without expensive and time-consuming workarounds like multiple database storage.

Google cloud platform (GCP)

Cloud Technology of Google is a collection of Google's public services of cloud computing. The platform presents a range of managed services for storage, computation and systems integration, all of which are operated on the infrastructure of Google. Furthermore, their speeds of massive data enable service tiering, with paid services delivering more consistent and stronger connections than routine maintenance (Ali et al. 2019). This enables the infrastructure to just be flexible with many price ranges and hence demand services of customer consumption. However, this implies that much of the Platform of Google Cloud is patented software, which means that on an IaaS premise, the genuine configuration is limited because it is particular to the entire server's processing ability. Owing to the hidden factors of Google-specific, a company wishing to transfer to a new provider is restricted in ways of direct transfer since one cannot obtain the setup and seamlessly put it on the next server. The Cloud Platform of Google is a collection of Google's computing services of the public cloud. The infrastructure offers several services that are hosted for storage, computation and software development, all of which are operated on the infrastructure of Google. Cloud administrators, Software developers and other business information technology professionals can access the Platform of Google Cloud services via the open network or a customized network connection (Martinez et al. 2019). Cloud Technology provides computation, networking, storage, machine learning, big data and internet of things services or IoT, and also the management of cloud computing, debugging tools and security.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)

AWS, which is also known as Amazon Web Services, is a comprehensive, long-lasting cloud computing platform provided by Amazon that includes infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), and software as a service (SaaS) that are packaged offerings. Amazon Web Services, or AWS, is the most extensively used and extensive virtualization technology, with over 200 feature-packed services that are available from large data centres from across the world. AWS provides more products and benefits within its offerings than any other hosting company, varying from key technologies such as computation, storage and databases to technological innovations such as artificial intelligence and machine learning, analytics and data storage facility, and the Internet - Of - things. This saves time and energy, makes it quicker and cheaper to move all existing apps to the web, and helps build practically everything you can imagine. Inside those services, AWS also has the most comprehensive capabilities. AWS, for contrast, provides the most diverse set of datasets that can be used for several purposes, helping consumers to choose the finest gear for the task in respect of cost and performance. AWS is the most lively and largest, with millions and millions of customers and thousands of partners globally. On AWS, customers of virtually every size and industry, most notably entrepreneurs, businesses, and government entities, are running virtually every possible business case. This is supported by a comprehensive suite of cloud security solutions, which includes several compliances, security and governance features and services. AWS offers a lot of compliance certifications and security standards, and most of the AWS services that hold client data enable encryption of data. AWS has the largest worldwide cloud infrastructure. No other cloud hosting has as many Regions with various Network Segments linked by low delay, maximum throughput, and distributed networking as AWS. AWS now includes 84 Availability Zones spread over 26 geographical locations, with the possibility of adding 24 more Distribution Centers and 8 more Regions of AWS in Canada. Gartner has identified the Region of AWS and the architecture of Availability Zone as the optimal option for deploying corporate applications and services with high reliability.

Here in this project, Amazon web services will be used. Compared to any other cloud services offered by different cloud providers, Amazon web services are the most widely used virtualization platforms. It offers a sustainable range of storage services, security services, mobile application development, security and computing services as well. AWS is one of the most cost efficient platforms provided by cloud providers and also there is no such upfront costing for the storage system. Also, Amazon’s web services are more secured than any other cloud providers and thus AWS is one of the most suitable cloud providers.

Service design

Public cloud

This cloud service is indeed a technology that is freely available to anybody and is usually owned by either a major industry group. Cloud Service, Google Cloud Platform, as well as Microsoft Azure must all be examples; they all have flexible needs as well as no physical limitations for the user. They maintain the earth's resources for use by users and thus are crafted with different ranks of utilisation in thought. This cloud environment platform has several benefits because it can be used by this platform (Kazmi et al. 2018). To begin, the seller offers 24-hour technical assistance for any difficulties and concerns. System-critical failures that can be handled swiftly and effectively, frequently even without the user's intervention knowledge. This gives the user some sense of security because he or she does not need to be a specialist. In-house groups that manage mistakes and crashes are frequently pricey. Furthermore, there is no surplus. Resources squandered To do this in a private health care system, once again, competent in-house administration is required. This group will indeed be required to turn on/off computer resources since they are or are not being required. Clients of nearly every organization as well as sector, most notably startups, businesses, and government agencies, run essentially every possible business case with AWS. This same AWS Partner Network (APN) is characterized by a large number of technology suppliers that specialize in Cloud resources and several impartial software vendors (ISVs) that alter current technology to run on AWS. AWS is intended as being the most secure as well as versatile cloud desktop workstation available today. Its basic architecture is intended to suit the very essential security demands of banking institutions, government military, as well as other enterprises. This is backed up by a full portfolio of cloud software solutions that encompass a variety of regulatory, security, and control features and functions. That isn't to suggest that cloud computing platforms are now without flaws; as indicated in the preceding AWS study, breakdowns are typical in certain service suppliers, which take longer to resolve and can cause significant inconvenience. Furthermore, as previously discussed inside this Cloud Storage subsection, private technology is frequently employed, therefore any attempt to migrate to a higher offer or even more suited platform is frequently fraught with (cost) problems.

Community cloud

Community clouds contain comparable to both multi-clouds, albeit they lean more toward private. These are a collaborative endeavour by two or even more private firms, frequently in the very same field, to build a collaborative system to minimize anxiety as well as costs through sharing them (Sitak et al. 2020). That provides non-competitors with a chance to compete by disseminating consumer research and certain other related data that can reduce operating costs on businesses in a variety of scenarios. This solution is also more ecologically sustainable than some others because instead of three firms having three medium workstations, three organizations already had one huge system that consumes around half of the average power usage (Matteoda et al. 2020). There may be disagreements among the participating firms over how many assets, server as well as storage, and each receives, whether due to misunderstanding or maybe just disagreement. Moreover, since this society method is less expensive than a wholly private cloud, which is not less expensive than just a completely public cloud, thus choices must be made. Some applications can be purchased for a fee from a service provider and uploaded over internet access. The cloud service provider maintains the adaptability of the rear end in Bpo, so ultimate consumers do not need to worry about infrastructure control (Kim et al. 2018). PaaS encompasses infrastructure such as files, processors, including networking, as well as platforms such as design tools, applications, data structures, actionable analytics, and more to support the service life of web applications. Windows is only a cloud computing service as well as an internet interface that allows consumers to handle as well as access Cloud computing services and resources.

Hybrid cloud

Hybrid clouds, which are also known as community clouds, are a comparatively recent modification for the architectures of cloud service that resided here between a private cloud and a public cloud. The distinction here between a community cloud and a hybrid cloud is that cloud services are indeed a blend of both private cloud and public clouds, whereas community clouds are a selection of characteristics or several characteristics (Yu et al. 2020). This is typically performed as an effort that is collaborative between a cloud infrastructure business that is a public and private cloud firm, and it provides enormous advantages for the privately-owned company in terms of capability, as well as monetary rewards and public provider that is positive. A hybrid cloud, also known as a cloud mixture, is an environment of computer processing that mixes a data centre that is on-premises and that also is known as a cloud that is private with a public cloud, allowing applications and data to be exchanged between both the two (Bashar et al. 2019). If a private corporation uses the network of google cloud to broadcast a custom, private cloud which is based on the software of google server, this creates a hybrid cloud, with the private corporation extracting value from Google's backend assistance and technical support from the backend of google, as well as the customizability and security afforded by the systems of private cloud. This type of arrangement offers plusses and minuses identical to all of those present in its discrete parts, like lower prices than just a purely cloud platform due to a basic system rental versus a dedicated server rental with a licence of the software and technical assistance. Because of the private nature of the internal cloud, a cloud computing system that is hybrid is safer than a public cloud platform. However, while acquiring the benefits of both types of cloud computing, also it gets its drawbacks: it is far more expensive than a cloud infrastructure that is private owing to the inclusion of third-party charges and less safe than a fully private net owing to the combination of a 3rd person.

Private cloud

The term private cloud can also refer to a business cloud and an internal cloud. Instead of the wider public, a private cloud delivers software applications to a closed corporate network inside the enterprise and chosen users. Cloud services are systems that exist purely to serve the needs of a single enterprise. Usages vary from simple phases of software development to perfectly functioning worldwide clouds for foreign data and information transmission, however, accessibility is often limited to one nation (Zeebaree et al. 2020). This approach can operate in one of 2 directions: on-premise, in which the computers are placed in a building maintained and owned by the firm, or off-premise, where the computers are housed in outside managed facilities employing servers that are rented. It is indeed worth noting that, in this second situation, the corporation has complete unlimited access permission to modify as they see fit. These structures and facilities are far more safe and efficient than cloud computing services which are public, with fewer outages, data leaks, and serious accidents. Cloud services, on the other hand, are not without flaws: they necessitate the hiring of expensive teams that are professional to monitor and operate them, especially when the computer is on-premise (Ali et al. 2020). That personnel will have to be educated in the operation of the particular web server used and its demands, which will require even more money and time, allowing the cloud computing system that is private is a costly venture when administration and leasing fees are factored in.


  1. Setup: It is required to develop the codes in the java platform. Once, the java codes are written, and then it is required to develop the codes. A few basic codes have been used for the implementation.
    1. Development: The structure of the folder is created in cloud computing to store the result of the software. The web services are placed on class java.
    1. Maintenance and updating: The software is made with the SaaS for basis measurement. Once, the software is made then it is required to update and maintain. The data or the output of the software will be stored in cloud computing storage.
    1. Deployment: The PaaS capabilities are used to set the time of software. The software was made for deployment. With the revised, improved application back in operation, it can be visited using the Spot instances unique URL to examine and execute our web server.

    AWS Server Configure

    AWS is intended to enable application providers, ISVs, and suppliers to swiftly and securely host their applications — whether they are current or new SaaS-based apps. To access AWS's application hosting platform, you can utilize the AWS Management Console or well-documented web services APIs.

    With AWS, you have access to a scalable, dependable, and secure worldwide computing infrastructure, which serves as the virtual backbone of Amazon.com's multibillion-dollar online company, which has been refined over a decade.

    AWS allows customers to choose your operating system, programming language, web application platform, database, and other services. AWS provides customers with a virtual environment in which clients can load the software and services that your application requires. This simplifies the transfer of current applications while keeping alternatives for developing new solutions.


    In this project, it is required to carry out the experience that is practical in the process of developing SaaS cloud computing systems. Own SaaS application is deployed and created properly in this following project. The report's main goal is to demonstrate the practical expertise to use the services of cloud computing, as well as deploying and designing computer applications that are based on the cloud. In this project, a cloud provider is selected to use. The cloud computing system is used to measure the inch, foot etc. the software is made based on java. The cloud computing system stores the output of the software. The cloud computing system is a kind of system which is used to store the output. IaaS or PaaS cloud services are chosen for this following project. Other elements are properly used to I Investigate the architectural elements of the service of cloud computing that is chosen. The access is gained properly to the cloud provider according to the choice, then it is configured and installed in the virtual environment and the virtual machine properly. The testbed web service is properly created, managed and deployed on the PaaS or IaaS platform. 



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