The health belief model of the HBM was developed in the year 1950s. A social psychologist developed the model in the Public health service of the USA. This is one of the most widely utilized social-psychological behavioural change models in the behavioural sciences (Xesfingi and Vozikis, 2016). The model talks about the health-related behaviours of people when they take-up any healthcare service. This healthcare model is associated with the mental state of the patients when they are treated with a specific aid. This very famous model analyzes the perceived actions of the patients.
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The Health Belief Model was developed to know about the psychological state of the patients while taking up any treatment. The structure of the HBM was affected by Kurt Lewin's theories, and it communicates the perspective on present reality rather than target reality. Earlier enhancements response speculation had centred over the importance of the results of the healthcare exercises. At the same time, intellectual propose balanced this by focusing on the noteworthiness of the person's theoretical valuations, and their judgment of the likelihood that the current treatment or action would have needed results. This joined philosophy was named as Esteem expectation theory (McElfish et al., 2016). Fortresses and catalysts don't affect the action directly, and it utilizes affecting the person's valuation of the work and their judgment of the likelihood that it will be conveyed results. At present, all the healthcare practices are influenced by a person's thinking to keep up an essential good ways from disorder or to recuperate, and by their sureness that the recommended action will achieve it.
A person needs to have a strong belief that the treatment or cure that they are taking will surely help them to recover from their illness. A study was conducted, and there were people divided into two sections having the same diseases. One part of people was given proper medicine as the treatment of the disease while the other section was given only vitamin tablets, but they were not told about the fact (Bayat et al., 2013). After a certain period, both the sections of people recovered from the disease. The other part, who was only given vitamin tablets also recovered at the same pace because they believed that the medicines that they are taking would improve them. They had the durable will power to get well. They had faith in their doctors and the treatment given by them. This strong belief made them recover from the disease without any proper medication. This shows the power of willingness of a person and his knowledge.
As per the HBM, the likelihood that the patient will pursue preventive air is influenced by a responsive assessment of the costs of the upheaval (Jeihooni et al., 2017). There are some components related to this:
The mix of apparent weakness and the truth is called as the perceived hazed. That is affected by the concordance between the seen feasibility and cost of elective techniques:
Practical application of the HBM model is challenging for healthcare workers as they have to face several issues and barriers while applying this model. The challenges and issues faced by them are given below:
To understand this in a better manner, an example of an alcoholic person can be taken. People having any addiction are the hardest to handle, as it is very tough to make them understand the adverse effects of their addiction on their treatment (Xesfingi and Vozikis, 2016). These people are not ready to quit their addiction at any cost, and when they don't recover because of this, they have failing belief in the treatment (Ahadzadeh et al., 2015).
I also believe that the HBM model is very important in any treatment. I also suffered from severe back pain, and I visited my doctor to take full treatment for that. My doctor advised me to take complete rest and even suggested some exercises that would be helpful for me along with the medications. She told me to change some of my essential habits of sleeping I soft bed and to correct my posture while sitting. I recovered within six months. The HBM model makes us believe that whatever the healthcare experts are saying is right, and they also tell us what all things are expected from the individual to have a successful treatment.
Ahadzadeh, A.S., Sharif, S.P., Ong, F.S. and Khong, K.W., 2015. Integrating health belief model and technology acceptance model: an investigation of health-related internet use. Journal of medical Internet research, 17(2), p.e45.
Alizadeh Siuki, H., Jadgal, K., Shamaeian Razavi, N., Zareban, I., Heshmati, H. and Saghi, N., 2015. Effects of health education based on the health belief model on nutrition behaviours of primary school students in Torbat e Heydariyeh city in 2012. Journal of Health, 5(4), pp.289-299.
Bayat, F., Shojaeezadeh, D., Baikpour, M., Heshmat, R., Baikpour, M. and Hosseini, M., 2013. The effects of education based on extended health belief model in type 2 diabetic patients: a randomized controlled trialJournal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders, 12(1), p.45.
Jalilian, F., Mehdi Hazavehei, S.M., Vahidinia, A.A., Jalilian, M. and Moghimbeig, A., 2013. Prevalence and related factors for choosing self-medication among pharmacies visitors based on the health belief model in Hamadan Province, west of Iran. Journal of research in health sciences, 13(1), pp.81-85.
Jeihooni, A.K., Jamshidi, H., Kashfi, S.M., Avand, A. and Khiyali, Z., 2017. The effect of health education program based on the health belief model on oral health behaviours in pregnant women of Fasa city, Fars province, south of Iran. Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry, 7(6), p.336.
Maddox, T.M., Albert, N.M., Borden, W.B., Curtis, L.H., Ferguson Jr, T.B., Kao, D.P., Marcus, G.M., Peterson, E.D., Redberg, R., Rumsfeld, J.S. and Shah, N.D., 2017. The learning healthcare system and cardiovascular care: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 135(14), pp.e826-e857.
McElfish, P.A., Hallgren, E., Henry, L.J., Ritok, M., Rubin-Chutaro, J. and Kohler, P., 2016. Health beliefs of Marshallese regarding type 2 diabetes. American journal of health behavior, 40(2), pp.248-257.
Mou, J., Shin, D.H. and Cohen, J., 2016. Health beliefs and the valence framework in health information seeking behaviors. Information Technology & People.
Tarkang, E.E. and Zotor, F.B., 2015. Application of the health belief model (HBM) in HIV prevention: A literature review. Central African Journal of Public Health, 1(1), pp.1-8.
Xesfingi, S. and Vozikis, A., 2016. Patient satisfaction with the healthcare system: assessing the impact of socio-economic and healthcare provision factors. BMC health services research, 16(1), p.94.
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