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Understanding Health: Influences and Well-being in Adulthood

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Introduction: Factors Shaping Adult Health and Well-being

Health referred as a state in which indicates social, mental and physical wellbeing and indicate as state of absence of disease. Based on particular education and age, understanding of health mostly depends on capacity, physical, control and psychological aspects. Understanding importance of healthy wellbeing indicates the ability of adults to manage the symptoms adjust and acceptance the optimism and help to feel the energy. According to Robson et al. (2020), improving psychological and physical health in adulthood, people face several challenges and able to identify the mitigation risk. In case of socioeconomic adversity under adulthood, address the cardio metabolic profile based on overweight and normal weight.

Principal of key theories based on illness and wellness

Biological influences of health

The model of bio psychosocial defines sickness and health by determining the dynamic relation between social, physiological, and biological factors. Biological influences on adult health may include genetic makeup with history of infection and depression or trauma. The big risk of developing schizophrenia carries the risk of affecting the person’s health in a bad condition. Various diseases can have genetic reasons in a person’s health. According to Guilhon et al. (2021), BPS theories deliver support to contaminate biological, psychological, and cultural aspects and focus on health related outcome. The primary principal of BPS theory deliver support for enhancing individual’s clinical practice including active cultivation of liability, therapeutic diagnosis of emotions and decrease bias through self-calibration. The genetics may have an important role in developing heart failure or other heart disease and diabetes (type 1 and type 2). As opined by Wu et al. (2018), biological influences mostly depends on genetic determinates including genetic makeup, inherited condition. The main cause of suffering from various diseases in adult persons is lack of exercise, inability of eating healthy food and mental sadness. In the phase of adulthood in people's life may face various issues in personal life, professional life, and social life. Certain non-biological, which may be environmental elements, expresses the diseases with previously existing health risk.

Physiological influence of health

The model of bio psychosocial defines sickness and health by determining the dynamic relation between social, physiological, and biological factors. Physiological elements of the life of adults in the model of bio psychosocial explain the symptoms like over thinking, sadness, feeling irritated, and impulsivity. As referred to by Braun et al. (2020), addiction of smoking based on prenatal tobacco and secondary smoke has negative impact of psychological process and decrease the working ability of biomarkers. An adult person with genetic issues might stay with negative and bad thinking which a risk factor of depression is. Physiological factors might exacerbate the biological issues by keeping a genetically defected adult person in a risky situation with various risk behaviours. The person can be affected by depression and anxiety, which may affect the person’s liver, heart, brain and other organs of the body. Developing damage might happen by consuming alcohol and smoking. An adult person may suffer from various health issues as by ageing many diseases (diabetics, high pressure, and abdominal pain) affect the person. As stated by Bal  et al. (2021), depression, stress, hopefulness, anxiety are the prime factor which are responsible for psychological disorder during adulthood. Healthy life span for a person is difficult without the help of family support. Physiology has been greatly influenced in health as it is related to biological discipline that determines the state of the disease. This involves the mechanisms of the organism in a systematic operating manner. Development of physiology is critically important for medicine that is linked to health. Psychology is particularly involved in responsiveness of the health with the pathology to determine how the human body functions in an abnormal stress.

Social influence of health

Adult persons may spend maximum time with the social people, as they feel lonely after a specific lifetime. Some social factors, which are included in culture, religion, socioeconomic and technology, may affect the adult persons. As opined by Kang et al. (2018), peer smoking and paternal exposure during childhood are responsible for illness and it has negative impact of their social behaviour. In case of healthy wellbeing, individual’s personal are act as social influencer and has negative impact on individual’s personal behavioural and adaptation patterns. Circumstances After a certain lifetime a person can develop depression so the person may want to keep distance with neighbours, friends, or family. In the mid age, the people may suffer from various social difficulties. An adult person may end a relationship for having stress, depression, or health problems, which may affect the person’s social behaviour. As referred to by Palmer et al. (2020), the main impact on adult persons of social factors may cause serious problems in the people’s life. By ageing, the people may gain extra weight or lose weight, so the friends or other people avoid them.

Impact of biological, psychological and sociological factors to demonstrate abilities and skill Psychological

The most important aspect, of the well-being of people in adulthood, is stress. It is the most discussed topic in the case of well-being in adulthood. This stress usually comes from the workplace nowadays in adults. It is evaluated that one person out of six-person is suffering from severe depression, anxiety, and uncontrollable stress. It is calculated that about 10.4 million people lost their job due to stress in their bodies and with about 24 days of average days of working (O’Rourke et al. 2020). Stress is considered one of the most dangerous and discussed topics in case of mental health issues. A person faces the issue in fitting himself or herself in the world around them. Work stress is developed in a person based on the responsibilities subjected to that person for fulfilling the work and that person is unable to cope with it. Stress in daily life will result in problems in physical health and will eventually lead to an unhealthy lifestyle. It has been noticed from recent studies that people with stress cannot deal with any workload or work pressure and even they are incapable of implanting any positive outcome out of it (Viner et al. 2019). Psychology influences health behaviour along with illness and health. For getting away from stress people often result into influenced by bad habits like drinking alcohol in huge quantities, smoking cigarettes, losing self-control, changing their owns perceptions, and believing others' ability to do the work. Consequently, these are related to the life of one’s, and the person loses money on the cost of things.


Sociological factors involve various events occurred in our life that as the different events in our childhood that are reflected in our life in the adulthood stage. The events of our life are all connected to different parts of adulthood. Every moment people spent on a daily basis is reflected in our life and is considered as an event of memory. The abuse, love, sadness, and happiness we share with our family or friends and we experience such things are all considered events, (Raggatt et al. 2018). These events of our life are all accumulated to form a final reaction in life. Adulthood is the stage in our life where we realize our basic need and want in our life. Throughout our life, the course of our time is all invested in being good or overcoming sadness. Employment is a huge factor of stress in our life. If a person is unemployed, that person went under stress, which results in unhealthy behaviour and lifestyle. As referred to by Crandall et al. (2019), it is noticed that the people with low salaries or low status in the job of their position experience stress and negligence from people surrounding them and themselves also.

People with low salaries and low health come with stress in their life. The people with low salary could not work properly with other colleagues who face a different problem. The people in the workplace go under continuous stress and see the difference in the approach of different people and their behaviour. A happy and friendly relationship with a partner is the key to a stress less lifestyle (Orben et al. 2020). Keeping close contact with close friends and intimate relationships with people will reflect the well-being of the people in the life. Most people around will work together. Having enough money for life leading is necessary. One person needs enough sleep on daily basis for good. One person needs exercise to do on a regular basis and a nutritional diet to maintain their healthy wellbeing.


Physical wellbeing in health refers to the ability that enables the maintaining of healthy quality. This is involved in performing the daily basis activity and enables us to process physical stress. Key aspect underlying physical wellbeing is eating well diet food that contains most of the fibres. This enables them to retain physical activity, (Graupensperger et al. 2020). Relaxation is another physical activity that includes wellbeing in the health process. Mind relaxation refers to the activity involved in keeping the mind calm that enables the mind to work efficiently. The importance lies in the healthy and strong mind development that decreases the pain, anxiety thereby allowing a human to remain connected as socialism. Healthy state of mind that includes the overall disease firmly regardless defines the critical role in managing health and wellbeing.

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Reference list

Bal, A., Panda, F., Pati, S.G., Das, K., Agrawal, P.K. and Paital, B., 2021. Modulation of physiological oxidative stress and antioxidant status by abiotic factors especially salinity in aquatic organisms. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology241, p.108971.

Braun, M., Klingelhöfer, D., Oremek, G.M., Quarcoo, D. and Groneberg, D.A., 2020. Influence of second-hand smoke and prenatal tobacco smoke exposure on biomarkers, genetics and physiological processes in children—An overview in research insights of the last few years. International journal of environmental research and public health17(9), p.3212.

Crandall, A., Miller, J.R., Cheung, A., Novilla, L.K., Glade, R., Novilla, M.L.B., Magnusson, B.M., Leavitt, B.L., Barnes, M.D. and Hanson, C.L., 2019. ACEs and counter-ACEs: How positive and negative childhood experiences influence adult health. Child Abuse & Neglect, 96, p.104089.

Graupensperger, S., Benson, A.J., Kilmer, J.R. and Evans, M.B., 2020. Social (un) distancing: teammate interactions, athletic identity, and mental health of student-athletes during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Adolescent Health, 67(5), pp.662-670.

Guilhon, M., Montserrat, F. and Turra, A., 2021. Recognition of ecosystem-based management principles in key documents of the seabed mining regime: implications and further recommendations. ICES Journal of Marine Science78(3), pp.884-899.

Kang, H., Cho, J., Cho, S.I. and Yoo, S., 2018. How behavioral norm and social influence affect smoking in young adulthood: the experience of Korean young adults. Tobacco Induced Diseases16(1).

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Orben, A., Tomova, L. and Blakemore, S.J., 2020. The effects of social deprivation on adolescent development and mental health. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 4(8), pp.634-640.

Palmer, B.F. and Clegg, D.J., 2020, October. A universally accepted definition of gender will positively impact societal understanding, acceptance, and appropriateness of health care. In Mayo Clinic Proceedings (Vol. 95, No. 10, pp. 2235-2243). Elsevier.

Raggatt, M., Wright, C.J., Carrotte, E., Jenkinson, R., Mulgrew, K., Prichard, I. and Lim, M.S., 2018. “I aspire to look and feel healthy like the posts convey”: engagement with fitness inspiration on social media and perceptions of its influence on health and wellbeing. BMC public health, 18(1), pp.1-11.

Robson, E., Norris, T., Wulaningsih, W., Hamer, M., Hardy, R. and Johnson, W., 2020. The relationship of early-life adversity with adulthood weight and cardiometabolic health status in the 1946 National Survey of Health and Development. Psychosomatic medicine82(1), pp.82-89.

Viner, R.M., Gireesh, A., Stiglic, N., Hudson, L.D., Goddings, A.L., Ward, J.L. and Nicholls, D.E., 2019. Roles of cyberbullying, sleep, and physical activity in mediating the effects of social media use on mental health and wellbeing among young people in England: a secondary analysis of longitudinal data. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 3(10), pp.685-696.

Wu, Y.K. and Berry, D.C., 2018. Impact of weight stigma on physiological and psychological health outcomes for overweight and obese adults: a systematic review. Journal of advanced nursing74(5), pp.1030-1042.

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