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Nurses' Role in Cancer Screening for Indigenous Australian Communities

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Introduction - Nurses Addressing Cancer Risks for Aboriginal Australians Through Community Health Education

The topic is based on the health community which represents all the access of the people of a particular unit towards education, healthy homes, and healthy health care. The building of the health community is based on the collective action of the government, community, non-profit groups, as well as the health community. “Community involvement” is one of the primary priorities of nursing students to make a healthy community. From interaction with each other to the data exchange, each and everything is part of building the communities. “Empowerment and engagement” of the individuals are the most important part of this healthy community.

Aims and objective


The community health services aim to keep the "better health of the individuals and families” which will help to make the improvement of the society and the other social conditions. Community health services also help to provide the proper health care system to individuals to the whole community. These community health services are performed all over the state to improve the health care system. Encouragement to the different individuals and the different communities with the proper health care support is the main aim of this project.


  • To evaluate the role of the health care system in the community
  • To understand the effect of the health care system on the community
  • To determine the effects of the building a healthy community in the society
  • To analyze the action plans taken against the cancer screening

Key characteristics of the community

Indigenous Australians are the main community of Australia and there are two groups present the Aboriginal and Torres Strait, islander. Some the aboriginals are present on the different islands of Australia (Brown et al. 2019). There are different kinds of key characteristics are present in the aboriginal community. Some of the characteristics so this group of people is

  1. The genetic history of this community is very much complex.
  2. There are more than 250 languages present within this community.
  3. 91% of the indigenous people of Australia belong to the Aboriginal group.
  4. English is very common among the aboriginal people of Australia (Wettasinghe et al. 2020).
  5. The genetic study of the aboriginal community of Australia shows the connection between them and the “Eurasian population.”
  6. A genetic study shows the fact that more than 70% of the people of the indigenous group have a higher risk of cancer due to their social activities like smoking, drinking, and other things which are not suitable for their bodies (Schultz et al. 2018).

The rationale behind the selection of the community

The rationale of this assignment is associated with the community. Cancer and its negative impact on people are discussed in this assignment. As per the report for 2007-2011, the cancer ratio is higher among the indigenous people of Australia than among the non-indigenous people of Australia. More than 252people indigenous people mainly the aboriginal people died due to cancer per 1,000 people (Sivertsen et al. 2020). The survival rate of the Indigenous people is less than 40% of the non-indigenous people in Australia, which indicates the fact that the mortality rate of the aboriginal people who are members of these Indigenous families is higher in comparison with the non-indigenous people of Australia. According to the report, the hospital allocation and the proper health care support are very low for the people of the aboriginal community. This is showing the current issue associated with the health care field in Australia (Riley et al. 2020). Liver cancer, cervical cancer, and lung cancers are the different types of cancers that can be seen in the community. To increase the survival rate of these people then proper health care support is needed and this can be fulfilled with the help of the nurses. This is the reason that the cancer screening by the nurses is very much necessary for the identification of the patient and for the proper treatment of those people who belongs to that aboriginal group. As per the report of 2008, most of the male people of the aboriginal community of Australia are denied due to Lung cancer. More than 6.8% of the male people in this community show this mortality rate, which is one of the leading causes in Australia behind the mortality rate (McBride et al. 2021). More than 3.8% of the people of this aboriginal community die due to colorectal cancer disease. 3.9% of the female members of the aboriginal group die due to breast cancer, which is indicating the fact that they are not properly getting the health care support from the healthcare system (Black et al. 2019).

Identification of the Care needs

More than 460 people out of1000 people are a chance of getting cancer within the aboriginal community. This is showing the fact that they need proper health care and the medication support is very much helpful for the treatment of these indigenous people of Australia. The primary work done by the nurses, which is cancer screening, can help the medical professionals to understand the risk of an individual member of the community having the cancer genes. Those people who are dying due to the cancers are not able to get the proper treatment due to the lack of hospitals and the proper health care support. As per the report, within the time frame of 2017-2019, the mortality rate within the indigenous community especially within the aboriginal community increased by30% from the year 2001 to 2015 (Fehring et al. 2019). This is the reason behind doing this assignment because they need the proper health care support from the Health services as well as the government of Australia. Overall, the health and the care need is the ultimate desire of the people of these communities because of the increase in the cancer ration within that community.

Role of Nurse

Nurses are one of the most important medical professionals who help in cancer screening in the early stages within a community. The nurses who are involved in the “Oncology” department can identify the symptoms of cancer with the help of different technologies and their diagnosis experiences. The main role of the nurses is mainly dependent on the physical as well as the emotional status of the patient. There are different action plans, which can be taken by the nurses for the proper cancer screening. The role of the nurses in the proper screening of cancer depends on the patient's condition and the characteristics of the community. Still, some other roles are followed by the nurses for the proper screening and some of them are

  1. The nurses mainly help the patient to identify the symptoms of cancer by the proper screening method.
  2. “Physical and psychological preparation” by the nurses during the screening (Latif, 2020)
  3. “Compliance”
  4. The proper communication support by the nurses
  5. Making the proper awareness within the aboriginal communities about the proper healthcare system
  6. Providingpsychological and mental support to the cancer patient by the nurses also helps to do the proper cancer screening (Pearson et al. 2020).
  7. Using the modern and futuristic technologies by the nurses who are specialized in the oncology department can help in the screening of cancer patients within a community.

The possible roles of the nurses, which are discussed in this paragraph, are dependent on the health care structure of the government (Lee & Lewis, 2018). The possible outcome is possible only when a specialized nurse in oncology can use the technologies for the identification of the disease within a person of a particular community.

Impact of Partnership between the Nurse and community

The partnership is very much important within the nursing care and the whole health care system. The cancer screening of the patients especially the indigenous people who are not able to get the proper health care support from the government needs the proper awareness from the nurses and for that reason making the partnership with the community is very much important within the health care system. “Oncology” nurses are experts in dealing with the different types of complex and multiple technologies for the proper cancer screening (Seear et al. 2019). There proper handling of the equipment and the awareness provided by the nurses are playing a vital role to treat the aboriginal people of Australia who are suffering from cancer disease. “Communication skills” are the primary weapon of the nurses to make the partnership with the patients (Harrison et al. 2019). As it is mentioned that the aboriginal people of the Australian community can communicate in English it becomes very easy for them to communicate with the nurses and to understand the awareness, which is provided by the nurses. This helps them a lot to identify the different symptoms associated with cancer. After the identification, they can go through the proper cancer screening process with the help of the nurses for the identification of the type and the stages of cancer (Korff, 2019). Nurses are also able to establish the intervention, which is associated with the reduction of the risk factors, which are the main causes of the aboriginal community group. The proper screening for the cancer is associated with the scope of nursing practice and as a result, the proper screening helps them to understand the disease, and then they can make their action plans according to the physical situation of the patient. All of these steps are associated with the communion skills of the nursing practices because of the familiar behaviour of the nurses and the partnership between a nurse and the members of the community help them a lot to diagnose a patient who has a higher risk of having cancer.

Strength-based approach

Strength-based approach is based on the strength of the individuals, which is based on the personal strength and the personal impact of a person within the society or within a community. Nurses mainly belong to the “Helping professions”, which indicates the fact they are associated with the willingness to fix or repair something, which is missing within a community (Tonkin et al. 2020). Cancer screening is a huge topic and a nurse cannot do this job without the help of the "Strength-based approach.” This SBN approach in the nursing field has six core values that help them to provide the care or do a big job within a community. These principles of the Strength-based nursing practices are

  1. The initial focus of the nurse should be on the person’s strengths, desires, and interests.
  2. Every person in a community is only responsible for the recovery rate.
  3. “Learn, grow, and transform” are the main approaches under this strength-based nursing practice.
  4. “The helping relationship with the community members” is the most important criterion under this approach (McCalman et al. 2018).
  5. The working place should be a natural one which will show the higher recovery rate
  6. The community is observed as the “Oasis of potential sources”

All the principles, which are associated with the strength-based approach, show the importance of the partnership with the community and its impact on cancer screening. This is reducing the mortality rate within the community and producing a high chance of survival rate.


The overall topic is divided into two parts one is based on the community system and the other one is based on the role of the nurses in cancer screening. The mortality rate and the increasing number of cancer patients within the community are showing the fact that they are unable to get the proper healthcare support from the healthcare system. The report and the analysis of the report are showing the lack of proper instruments in the hospitals or any other organization, which can help the nurses in the screening of the cancer patients within the community. In the second part of this assignment, the role of the nurses and the process of the screening are discussed from where the clear concept of the job role of the nurses is clearly explained. The strength-based approach shows the principles that are followed by the nurses when they deal with the cancer patient during their screening. The overall study is showing the fact that nurses are trying to provide the necessary health care support to the backward community for creating a better healthy community where everyone can live their life with all access to the healthcare system.

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