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Design Management

Introduction - Design Management

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Designing management is one of the inquiry areas utilized in project management, design planning, or strategy purposes as well as supply chain value techniques to manage the creative procedures. Besides that in this research paper, an un-optimized has been created with the help of the excel software platform. A cost-planning component is also discussed in this paper that displays the process of reducing costs for any type of project management. Furthermore, the bar chart is created that displays the graphical forms between the total costs as well as cost percentage values regarding the cost planning chart.

Strategic definition: Task 1

1.1 Integration between architectural design and other design

The high-rise building of mega-scale structures has changed the new generation with the consumption in the design of sustainability. The impact reflected by the qualities of culture for the generation made in the future. It seems to define the emerging shift to demand in the manner of growth for the process of industry in improving the data for protection manner architectural design to represent the structure of program components and data. The required data for the system in the building the computation of the system, which is based on programming the analysis of individual data. Architectural design is the system of entities to operate the external analysis in interactions of entities. The superordinate system for the target in the scheme is some level of processing needed to fulfill the target to peer the consume information in the level of an individual system.

Whereas in other design of the building the dead load and self weight are required to critique in the initial stage. Generally, the thickness of the slab assumed as 125 mm. The self-weight of the column calculated as the depth X column width X column length X unit weight of R.C.C. The finish load of the floor thickness is 50mm. The unit weight of the cement mortar are taken as 20kN/m^3. In case of partition and main wall the entire slab load can be consider as 1 KN/ m^2. The main wall thickness of wall is the height for 3000mm and the brtick masonary are taken as 20KN/m^3.

1.2 Integration between structural design as well as other design

Structural Design:

The model which is appropriate to the tradition of analysis consists of constraining the placement to design the floorplan requires for the model. The initial spatial and generation for the initial placement is suitable to input for the structure and can be optimize for the later stage. The constraining stage for the basic architectural design is usable for the intention before the projection and protection. The uses of immediate structure is the compression and capacities of the strength. The grid elements of the structure varies from the representation either for the real and virtual circles for the column. The structural model for the stable calculation of the strength of material assumes the principal axes. The two-way slab of the concrete is assumed for the calculation with the minimum length of the slab. The beam value can be bent by the column in the account to cause the bending column for the forces of compression.

Other Design:

The Structural design module are marked as the feasible load of the beam to represent the walls as an unstable load for the multiple stage of the column in building. Merging of column can be optimize by the several structure, which can be represented by the scientific load of the column for merging the fixed column in a restrictive manner. The method of load structure can be used as the layout computed for the combination of the beam to stay in length directly to the beam.

1.3: Integration between building services design or other design

In the case of building service, it is essential to follow different designing techniques that provide the user building with fully equipped to utilize the design. Moreover, this type of service includes both, electrical design as well as mechanical design to provide better facilities to the customers. In the mechanical services, it includes gas or electricity supply chains, solar energy systems, escalators or lifts, and so on. The design of the system in BSS is the important role for the design that can be carried out by the systems of services in the process of coordination within the services of 2D drawings. The goals of the technology can be investigated by the integration of BSS in the various stage of design.

The schematic design phase: This phase in the Design management strategy shows the development plans like demolition and reconstruction with effective sketches, drawings, rendering views, wiring and plumbing.

The design development phase: It shows the manifestation of the entire plan in a 3D environment that would be used for certain significant changes in the existing architecture. Each and every point in the project plan must be handled effectively for time and cost management efficiently.

1.4: Preparation and briefing

 Design management has been considered a domain that has employed several essential modification techniques. In addition, several design processes are related to the research study. Based on the research study the designing process has been generated as “data preprocessing”, “data manipulation”, as well as “data analysis" process. Plan the executive is a field of the request that utilizes project board, plan, procedure, and inventory network methods to control an innovative strategy, support a culture of inventiveness, and assemble construction and association for the plan. The target of the board is to create and keep an effective business climate in which an association can accomplish its vital and mission objectives through the plan. Planning the board is an exhaustive action at all degrees of business (functional to key), from the revelation stage to the execution stage. Planning the executives is the business side of the plan. Plan the executives incorporates the continuous cycles, business choices, and procedures that empower development and make planned items, administrations, correspondences, conditions, and brands that upgrade our satisfaction and give authoritative success. The discipline of planning the board covers promoting the board, activities of the executives, and vital administration.

Concept design: Task 2

Design Management Strategy

The design management strategy is the management for the design of link and innovation for the advocacy success of an organization. The using of the design can be manage by the brand of design using the course of design for the leadership for the interface of engineering and structural part of the design for the advocacy of management and the organization for the strategy of design. The scope of the design for the interface in the work for the graphical design in an organization to include the establishment of the graphical design. The structural grid for an extend partitions can be build to input the columns, beam and slabs. The previous column of the element in non-bearing of 3D render is similar to the section of parameters. The capacity of the column in load bearing capacity included the beams, slabs and column can be analyze by the stability of the structure. The elements of additional structure can be propose for proving the several minutes done to compare the better expert to produce. The evaluation of the algorithm can be performed by the expertise to produce the quality similar to the terms method in beams and columns to split the unnecessary architectural structure.

A design process is mainly built to understand the organization's requirements for the price-aligning design as well as the design procedure the organization requires. Moreover, each and every design technique needs a goal map or results for the organization issues which are required to be cleared (Lim and Noh 2019). Besides that, design planning is one of the terms that are utilized to elaborate on the nexus points between corporate planning or strategy as well as the design thoughts. Apart from this, corporate planning is one kind of traditional method that organizations or similar entities apply to recognize, plan, or achieve huge time-based purposes as well as objectives. Moreover, design thinking is one type of process, which gives a solution-based perspective to clear the organization's issues through involving the last users.

In the case of strategic planning, it includes a details gathering process of declaring the way to fulfill the goal for an organization's sector. Moreover, strategic thinking includes everybody within entire levels of a business team to find as well as contribute to the activities, which insert the business success. Apart from this, it is more important for developers to design any tactical thinking proposed for performing with the inside stakeholders. Therefore, developers gain better knowledge of the business objectives, and customer goals, and are enabled to convert these types of requirements to provide better solutions. Moreover, from the designing part, strategic thinking inspires the developers to search the developing techniques as an issue solving technique, beginning via recognizing the issues as well as performing with the client or team to clear the design issues for growing company architectures (Ilyin and Ilyin 2019).

There are various kinds of plans that can be implemented in the present scenario for strategic thinking design that helps to solve the business issues, such as providing a better designing process, and more. All the processes that are useful for strategic planning are described in below.

Assess means to gain the product briefs appropriately, including the constraints analysis, more opportunities as well as viewing the bigger image via a business lens (Liu et al. 2019).

Understanding means it makes sense about the design projects as well as organization purposes. Besides that, visualized the projected objectives to display the primary key outcomes, which will assist business support objectives.

Learning means preparing the strategy elements through planning different tasks as well as milestones that support the objectives directly.

Execute means it acts for the business strategy and it includes all the team members. Besides that, the strategic thinking process performs best within the collaboration system.

Check, it means during the designing procedures, the company must check the entire process that helps the company or business industry to enhance business objectives or goals (Liu et al. 2019).

Apart from that, strategy thinking or designing is a procedure that makes an effective bond between the both, company and clients. It has various benefits, such as it reduces time efficiency to make a design for the customer's needs. The strategic thinking process assists the whole team in achieving the goals in a timely manner, and it provides better collaboration between the client as well as companies.

Spatial coordination: Task 3

3.1 Design the economic component

Economic components affect the environments that include different interest rates, tax rates as well as governmental activities. These types of elements are not linked with business investment. Different examples that affects the economic factors present, like task rates, wages, and others are to be integrated with the design for making sustainable commitment.

Economics factors are affecting the business environment; therefore, it is directly linked with the business architecture to drive the business costs. Various countries have started outsourcing jobs to other countries. Besides that, the interest rate is one of the major factors, which affects the cash liquidity within the environment.

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3.2. Value engineering component

In the case of value engineering, it is the systematic as well as an organized approach that provides better necessary facilities within the projects at minimum cost values. Besides that, value engineering encourages the material substitution as well as techniques with minimum expensive values without losing any functionality. Furthermore, it is mainly concentrated on various kinds of the component or material functions other than the physical attributes of the materials (Kandidayeni et al. 2020). Sometimes value engineering is also named the value analysis process. Apart from this, value engineering is one of the review processes for the modern or new products to design different phases for decreasing the price values; also, it enhances the product functionalities to produce the results. Moreover, the item value has been defined as the effective cost that produces products that are more effective. Therefore decreasing the production costs in the quality expense is easily a cost-cutting process. The process of design in the production of model is required to develop the plan for the design of process in flow. The design of structure. The consideration for the large volume elements in the long time is the resistance for the rules of various material because of the structural components. The development of the criteria in design can be reviewed by the structure innovated with the files present to share the work. The important structure for the super wall building is important for the technology to design the building. The design of the building creates a detail source for the engineers and designers.

3.3: Cost planning component

In this case, expense is the most important factor for any type of project. There are different types of elements present for cost planning, such as material costs, human resources, and so on. In the case of human resources, the staff salaries involve the entire human resources, such as the manager, team leaders, members, cleaners, and other members who are involved in these projects. Therefore, the cost involves salary precise, insurance, and other projects related costs (Obi, Arif, and Goulding 2020). In the part of preparing costs, it includes making proposal costs values, original proof cost values, vendor costs values so on. These types of components also include employee hiring cost values, such as project hiring values, team members, and others that are related to the subjects. On the other hand, the operating cost for any type of project includes the cost related to the purchase cost of project materials and other expenses such as rent, facility expenses, energy expenses, and other daily expenses.

Moreover, this involves all expenses for permits, inspections, and day-to-day operations. These costs include daily machine operation, fuel as needed, and the cost of receiving and delivering goods. Besides that, for example, in the manufacturing industry, costs include power consumption, rental fees, machine insurance and maintenance, product processing, product delivery and collection, and so on (Lim and Noh 2019). Apart from that, there are various types of cost planning processes and it would help in industrial growth. Such as fixed costs, opportunity costs, marginal costs, economic costs, and so on. These kinds of elements help any organization reduce costs and decrease company losses.

Technical design: Task 4

4.1: Design process modeling

In the case of computable modeling, a building or designing procedure is considered a repetitive logical procedure that is realized by abduction, deductions, as well as circumscription (Kala, 2020). Besides that, designing procedures is one of the processes for creating or developing any plans as well as action schemas in an appropriate way. Various ways to complete the designing process modeling, such as imagining, prototypes, testing, and others help the user to create an effective model for any organization or business.

4.2: Manufacturing and construction: DSM Analysis process


In this case, the DSM analysis process is elaborated in the included figure corresponding to the task. Moreover, the DSM is one of the square matrices that represent the linkages between every system element. Furthermore, the system elements must be labeled in the row of the matrix left side. Therefore, these types of system elements visualized the product components, business teams as well as project activity purposes. In this paper, the DSM analysis matrix is created that shows all the elements within the matrix forms.

4.2.2: Un-optimized matrix

In this case, the un-optimized matrix has been created between the activities as well as task specifications. Moreover, if the task specification matches the activities then the correlation will be perfect. Besides that in this task, the correlation shows the sixty percent accuracy after completing the un-optimized matrix values.

4.3: Scheduling

In case of scheduling, it is one kind of procedure that helps user to arrange, control and well as optimizes the work efficiency through a production procedure and manufacturing purposes. Moreover, scheduling is mainly utilized for allocating plants or machine sources. In this part, the optimization as well as designing parts is visualized with the help of the bar charts. Besides that, by utilizing any graphical forms, users can calculate the costs and others things that help the users to design more effective models. 

In this part, the bar chart has been created with the help of an excel software platform corresponding to the research paper. Besides that, the bar chart is generated between the total; cost values of the design and percentage values of the designing costs. This graphical view represents that, sometimes, costs are increasing to design the models, and sometimes it decrease.

4.4: Handover: Individual Critical appraisal

Critical appraisal is one of the techniques of carefully as well as systematically elaborating the research process to judge the trustworthiness; also it displays the value or relevance within a particular context. Moreover, the critical appraisal enables the users to decrease the details overloading by eliminating studies as well as irrelevant weak research. Besides that, it helps to recognize the designing related papers that assist the users to enhance the designing models (Novikova and Novikov 2019). Apart from this, this type of appraisal distinguishes the evidence between the opinions, beliefs as well as assumptions values corresponding to the research paper. Moreover, it asses, the effectiveness as well as clinical applicability of the research paper, and it identifies the bias potentials for the designing paper.

The change of economy can be characteristic by the state of major changes actively compare to the analysis in making the changes of economic parameters partly design by the standard of first nomenclature in making technologies for the static and SDA for the changes in parameters. The next set of an individual changes can be done in the form of equation within some desirable properties. The dynamic analysis for estimation can be preferred and can be cumulate by the estimation in the set of supplement changing of extension to share the shift. The growth of SDA with the common account effect for the scale in human and legal development of environment (Lim et al. 2019). The minor improvement for finding the issues deal with the cost function in particular type is the intensity to prove the effect made for certain analysis.

The violation for using the order to prevent full calculation of bending moment deflection can be bent for the forces of compression. The neglected force of buckling for the slender columns for the shape of concrete is less than the width of the column. The strength of compressive concrete can be optimize by the section which contain the grid of the beam represented for the interior walls of the concrete. The grid generation of the structure inserted the additional beams for the next loading of 180 degree can be determine for the algorithm. The level of load in computation is the sources of slab distributed for the element on load bearing. The analysis for traditional design in project management is the visible framework required to design the task focused on the management system. The poor design in nature can be allocated for the early stage for assumption in designing the primary collaboration in the requirement to capture the design quality and the management of competencies. Reducing of information for the management can be taken care for the value focuses in need of planning and the process of an individual design.

4.5 NRM Cost planning for BCS in Garry Gibb Building

Project Title: Garry Gibb Building

Date of the tender: 22 May 2022

Location factor for the analysis of the building: 1.00

Floor Area: 4000 m2, First Floor: 2850 M 2 Second Floor: 2850 m2


Cost per m2 GIFA

Total cost







25.051474 GBP

100,205.896 GBP



195.7432 GBP

557,868.12 GBP


Upper Floor

124.389 GBP

354,508.65 GBP



3.107136 GBP

8,855.3376 GBP



3.1155 GBP

8,879.175 GBP


Ramps and Stairs

0.8304 GBP

2,366.64 GBP


External Walls

24.462 GBP

69,716.7 GBP


External doors and windows

33.902 GBP

96,620.7 GBP


Internal partitions and walls

18.391 GBP

52,414.35 GBP


Internal doors

33.662 GBP

95,936.7 GBP


Internal finishes


Finishes of wall

25.048 GBP

71,386.8 GBP


Finishes of floor

19.209 GBP


Finishes of ceiling

19.517 GBP

55,623.45 GBP


Furnishing, finishing, and equipment


Furnishing, finishing, and equipment

16.821 GBP

47,939.85 GBP




Sanitary installations

15.346 GBP

43,736.1 GBP


Water installations

15.346 GBP

43,736.1 GBP


Source of the heat

3.939 GBP

11,226.15 GBP


Air conditioning and Space heating

23.316 GBP

66,450.6 GBP


Systems of the ventilations

2.627 GBP

7,486.95 GBP


Installation of electrical equipment

27.426 GBP

78,164.1 GBP


Conveyor and lift installation

19.715 GBP

56,187.75 GBP


External works

20.85 GBP

59,422.5 GBP

Table 1: Student center cost plan


From the above passage, it can be concluded that the design management system is elaborated corresponding to the research paper that described the entire design process as well as tools to reduce the designing costs and many more. Besides that, a bar chart has been created for the total costs and percentages with respect to the cost planning values. The bar chart represents the relation of the two columns in this paper and the total cost increases after percentage increase. Besides that, the un-optimized matrix is created with the help of an excel software platform between the activities as well as task specifications. The matrix shows the correlation values as well as accuracies regarding the cost planning values. Designing management is one of the inquiry areas utilized in project management, design planning, or strategy purposes as well as supply chain value techniques to manage the creative procedures. Apart from this, various types of cost planning components are described in a research paper that helps the user to reduce the costs to create the management systems.


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