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Health indicates full awareness of individual mental, physical and also social wellness, not merely the absence of particular disorders and conditions. Improvement towards the promotion of health includes several measures adopted in the healthcare system to encourage various assessments to understand successive practices to promote care interventions in order to improve the well-being and health of all individuals. The study will present a collateral understatement about health promotion and illness through four individual tasks. The main inclusion will involve the principles based which proper health and wellbeing are ensured. Secondly, the study explains the situational understanding about social determinants and inequalities. The third interpretation mainly represents case study analysis and finally the discussion about health risks and nursing support and intervention.
The concept of health as described by the World Health Organization (WHO) stated about the complete recognition of the physical, mental as well as social well-being of an individual and not only the absence of certain disorders or illnesses (World Health Organization, 2018). It is the consistent part that is associated with biopsychosocial health models and hence considered the physiological behavioral and social factors related to health and illness. It also provides and understands the interactive pattern between the three factors. Depending on the current health model it shows a specific difference with the traditional model of medicine and defines the concept of health with a more elaborate structure that not only States the major absence of certain disease or illness. It emphasizes the role of various health professionals and the diagnostic treatment that are predefined within.
The typical definition of health as defined by WHO explains the health attributes explicitly with the concept of wellbeing (Svalastoget al, 2017). It is thereby conceptualizing the extent to which health can be considered as a suggestive part of human rights that requires both physical as well as social resources in cheating and proper maintenance. The concept of wellbeing explains positivity and eventually frames health as part of positive aspiration. This particular definition has been adopted since 1986 by the Ottawa charter which described health as an essential component of everyday life and not only project related to living. In this respect the determination of health to live a stable and suitable life highlights and interlinks social well being and contribution of every individual (tandfonline.com, 2021).
The principles related to health and well-being explicitly individualize the concept of health along with the well-being of an individual particularly added to the result of extensive engagement as well as the process of consultation (DeSalvo et al, 2017). The consultation process signifies the preferable development of common languages and the vision that is collectively promoted and supported with a proper understanding of the health and wellbeing of every individual (). The principles for such a concept have aimed at underpinning the professional practices within and across the DEECD service related to health and wellbeing. It also enhances the proper promotion and support to young Victorians and their optimization of health, social well being and also educational outcomes (sciencedirect.com, 2021).
The effectiveness of these principles does through certain objectives that are as follows:
To convey the commitment contributed to the young individuals and also the adults to maintain proper health and wellbeing while delivering high service quality (Magnavita, 2018).
Establishment of shared principles in the effective delivery of services and encourage the work through overall "continuum of intervention" and the preventive practices
Promote unified conceptual framework as part of services promoted by DEECD
Supporting the coordination and the collaborative structure based upon services and the governing bodies being involved along with community organization
While focusing on the objectives it is also necessary to acknowledge and understand the Principles being related to health and wellbeing (Ilgaz and Gözüm, 2019).
Principle 1: Maximizing the access and the inclusion- The inclusion can be optimized while stating the fact of vulnerability and being disadvantaged.
Principle 2: Focusing on the relevant outcomes- The suggestive outcome about health learning and iterative development can be defined with distinct focus on designing, delivering, evaluation also improving the knowledge with proper health education.
Principle 3: Informed evidence and the reflective practices- Effectiveness in improving the outcomes informing certain policies and the professional practices. Further research and simulation process have undertaken to promote effective as well as reflective practices.
Principle 4: Holistic approach- It ensures the collaboration among health promotional services and the multidisciplinary professional approach that support and empowered healthy lives.
Principle 5: Person-centered and the practices related to family sensitivity- This principle mainly centered the facts of case study and contextualizing with the family and young ones work in collaboration to create a healthy environment with good health and well being.
The advancement towards health promotion involves certain strategies that are introduced in the healthcare system to promote a range of evaluation to interpret successive practices to promote care intervention to improve the health and wellbeing of every individual (Sorensen et al, 2018). The principles of empowerment explains the ability to perform activities that enable people in gaining greater control in decision making and the actions that affect the health. The next principles respond with active participation of every individual to enhance proper decision making. The principles of holism accounted with separate influences related to health and also the interactive pattern. Equitable ensures fair outcomes for the service users. The principles of intersectoral usually work in partnered contribution with other organization or agencies. The principles of sustainability ensure the possible outcomes related to health promotional activities that contour sustainability for a long time. And lastly, the principle of multiple strategies is based upon several strategic ways which includes certain programs and policies
The linking of above principles with the case study gives a sense of understanding about self ability of performing activities that mainly retains the decision making process and have a direct impact on health (Prescott et al, 2018). The case study delivers the information about certain obligations like social abstinence, financial aberrations with relocation that impairs the follow up of proper health aspects. With critical understanding of the principle the possible approach can amplify self indulgence of the case study individuals into significant health promotion and hence create a sensation among the persons how to cope with situation under varied circumstances.
Health promotional activities can be considered as part of behavioral and social science drawing attention to certain aspects like biological and environmental psychology and also medical aspects that significantly promote health and also prevent diseases, disabilities, or premature death through health education (Turunen et al, 2017). It has driven voluntary behavior in changing various activities. It is the development promoted among individuals among groups, institutions, or communities with systemic strategies in improving the health knowledge, attitudes skills as well as the behavioral pattern. It has served the purpose of positive thinking and influencing the behavior of any individual or the community members to stay healthy and condemn a stable state of living with protective working conditions that critically influence the health (Islam, 2019). Thus, the health promotion is important because: it helps in the improvement of health status; it enhances the improvement in life quality and specific reduction in the dynamic progression of disease or illness and minimizes premature death.
Nurses work under different circumstances with great responsibilities related to the proper promotion of preventive care and the wellbeing of an individual (Mills et al. 2018). The nursing profession being recognized as part of a caring process or profession that excels in promoting proper health education, preventing certain illnesses, and also reducing premature death. Nurses can be considered as strong advocates in navigating proper care for the patients with understanding the healthcare system (Omotoso and Koch, 2018). The role of a nurse in preventing diseases within the preventative health care system generally utilises the research evidence as well as the recommendations in improving the health conditions of the patients they act as a catalyst in improving the lifestyles with proper encouragement and lessons thereby helping the patients with at and preventative services which includes proper counseling screening process and precautionary measures as well as medications (Furunes et al. 2018). The care introduced by nurses generally engages in the proper promotion of healthy lifestyles with health education mentorship and also the leadership process.
The contribution of social determinants to health (SDH) can be explained as certain nonmedical factors that essentially influence the outcomes of health. It can be considered as the conditions under which the individuals are born, grew up, working and living conditions, and also the demographic status at the wider concept (Gold et al, 2017). It set out forces as well as the system that has shaped the intuitive conditions prevalent in daily life. It perceptually focuses on the overall configuration of the system which includes the economic policies, developmental agendas, social norms, and social policies as well as the political system of the country.
The critical influence of SDH has a clear impact on health inequalities that explains the unfair and avoidable differences in health status that are observed among various countries (Singh et al, 2017). The effective scenario of the countries based upon the configuration of income level, the social gradient of health status and illness, the scale of socioeconomic position, and finally the worsening condition of health are some of the detrimental factors which affect the living condition of the individual.
Health inequalities can be defined as the unjust or avoidable differences among people's health that are conceptually observed in different populations and also between various groups of a specific population (Lofters et al, 2017). Health inequalities specify the social demographic conditions which critically affect an individual's life in the worst way possible. Thus, the knowledge can be reciprocated with the fact that social determinants are the key contribution to health inequalities, that is the more positive influence the social determinants have the lesser will be the health inequalities. The illustrations from one of the study conducted by (Marmot, 2017) that life expense expectancy among individuals with disabilities in learning is substantially lesser as compared to the average cases in Scottish. Gender-specific violence is a common experience but is unequally observed where 17% of female and 8% of male individuals experience the force from their partners at one point in their life (sciencedirect.com, 2021).
The health guidance ascertaining proper health and well being for the public conceptually sets out the opinions in preventing and controlling communicable diseases (Marmot, 2017). It is based upon thorough assessments from the current evidence while exiting through an expert panel with the application of rigorous as well as transparent approaches based upon evidence. It has aimed at supporting the decision-making abilities in due respect to measuring the public health status. The health guidance also indicates the actions based on specific things which include the early stage of development of a child, the fair employment condition, the decent working status, the social protection, and finally the living conditions for the environment. It has stated the prevalence that is impacted through social determinants to health and also the health inequalities. It has been triggered systematic search along with critical analysis of the recommendations and policy guidelines.
The relevant discussion about the importance of social determinants in featuring the health credentials of an individual and their well-being has been circumvented with the contribution of public health guidelines (Fisher et al, 2019). As it has already been acknowledged, these guidelines are denoted as some precautions to promote a healthy life and set out some milestones in controlling certain communicable diseases. The establishment of measures shows a relation with the principles and the interdisciplinary concept of health and well-being being influenced by the social determinants. In the previous discussion from task 1, it has been determined that the health of an individual, a particular population, or various groups within a population is affected through certain factors that must be analyzed and intervened with significant measures. These measures are specified as some coherent principles being achieved to influence public health through promotional activities (Trivedi, 2019). This particular approach can be enhanced with specific public health guidelines to commemorate knowledge about what to be done to prevent and protect from certain illnesses and disorders.
The case study analysis has provided a brief but distinct overview of the scenario which explains the daily living condition and other influential factors being prevalent to sustain a healthy life condition by the case subject and their family. Karim, the main contributor of the scenario, is a 35 years old individual who by origin is a Pakistani but now lives in London. He has been living with his family which mainly includes his wife and three children. Based on the information from the case study, since they arrived in the UK, they have faced certain difficulties and hard times adhering to their living conditions, diet, and their lifestyle. The critical exploration of the conditions involves unhealthy living conditions, inefficient daily activities, and vice versa. The accommodation is one of the biggest factors which give a real thinkable area for Karim and his family. Further, due to certain restrictions after relocation to the UK, the family has suffered from social incompetence due to their frequent moving from one accommodation to another. It can be a serious factor that can infuriate and unstable one’s mind due to poor social relations and interaction.
The financial status of the family is also low and unstable. Karim being the only income holder of the family works as a cab driver and provides for his family to a certain portion if not in a sufficient way. This has created an impact on his mental health and hence to reduce the stresses he has started smoking and consuming alcohol. The optimism or effort to improve their living condition has been reduced with everyday conflict and become severely affected by health disparities. The information from the study denotes the pre-diabetic condition of Karim with high blood pressure and elevated cholesterol level. Further, the children were also observed with high body weight and dental issues which in overall rose with their improper food habits and ADL.
The impact of proper health contributing issues can be considered as the detrimental causes which surmount a healthy portion of an individual’s life (González et al, 2021). The issue specifies certain activities that have been perceived as part of Activity of Daily Living (ADL) and accommodates certain impacts that withered life in every possible way. The health promotional activities always ascertain with the knowledge that enables the population to inoculate certain health education to promote mitigation against the issues. It has become a consistent approach that emancipated the information about certain detouring factors which affect the health and well-being of every individual. Based on the previous discussions it is clear that the social determinants are the main influential factors that affect the health and well-being of every individual depending on the situation (Suter et al, 2020). The impact that falls upon Karim includes certain abiding conditions that have defined the life susceptibility state of the individual.
The mental and physical health of a person can be affected by certain factors which can be marked as social, economic, behavioral, and cultural. Thus, it is admissible to think about these prevalent conditions that can either influence or deprive a population of a sustainable life goal with improved living conditions.
The configuration promoted through interlinking the issues with the information from the case study gives a serious note of the scenario where social determinants become a prioritized concern that has deprived the victim and their family of a healthy life and well-being. It has been observed that since their relocation to London for the past three years, Karim and his family has faced certain difficulties and hard times that have led to their unhappy and disjointed life (Hunter et al, 2019). A supportive and caring home background always gives mental stability and hope to improve any situation towards betterment. Although it is not mentioned in the study, there is some dilemma between Karim and his wife due to their unstable income and living conditions. Further information suggests obsolete behavior and substance use of Karim which thereby raises a conflict at home. Based on the observation of the scenario, a handful of issues can be determined which critically inflicts a relatable amount of stress for the family. Social deprivation can be considered to be another cause which has affected their life and severely made their life upside down with isolation. Due to their poor and unstable income, it became one of the certain factors that have deprived Karim and his family to maintain a good living condition with a healthy diet and necessities (emerald.com, 2021).
The health deprivation status or the discussion about certain health risks from the case study has been elaborated in this section. According to the information provided from the study, Karim has started drinking and substance use to relieve his stress and forget about his inefficiencies about proving to the family (Rai et al, 2019). He has adopted unstable behavior and physiological derogations related to his job which thereby leads to certain conflicts at home and sleepless nights. It has been observed that under certain situations he has been perceived with mood swings and lacks the capabilities to confide his problems to his wife or the professionals. He was diagnosed with pre-diabetic condition with high blood pressure and an increased level of cholesterol. The information confirmed about his wife and their children regarding the health cannot be recalled as part of a better state either (Farmanova et al, 2018). During the time of pregnancy, his wife has been tested with a high BMI rate and increased overweight of 110 kg and height being 155 cm. Further, at that time she was diagnosed with gestational or chronic diabetes that has been subsided with drugs during pregnancy. In one of the health records being conducted in school, it has shown the result that has determined 99th percentile which explains that Abdul and Ayesha both are affected with being overweight due to their unhealthy diets as compared to other children. Further, they have been viewed with dental problems due to a lack of care and visits to the dentist (tandfonline.com, 2021).
The complications that have been observed about the living condition and other credentials from the case study since their relocation in the UK for the past three years gives a clear view about the deprivations that ceremoniously inflict various redundancies that significantly affect the family’s health and well-being (Hazen et al, 2018). In response to justify the issues from task 3, the significance of the scenario has been demonstrated in this section. The clear justification enables us to identify the underlying factors that have surmounted the depriving health conditions of Karim and his family and also stated a difference between their past and present life situation.
The need for health promotional knowledge to prevent, protect and promote precautionary measures for the case-specific scenario being a relevant aspect that needs to be discussed vehemently (Shah et al, 2017). The more practical knowledge about how to cope with the situation and what health promotion activities are necessary to improve the present situation of Karim and his family should be acknowledged. Among them, social interaction and associative measures from health community workers are some of the necessary and influential steps which can be helpful credential for the family. Further, nursing intervention can be a supportive factor that might insist the case-specific family recognize the better and knowledgeable health simulation aspects. The supporting interventions that can be incorporated within are certain behavioral therapy-induced interventions to reduce stress and anxiety, instigate physical activity and other pedometers to improve the health and well-being of the individuals (oup.com, 2021).
The concept of health states about the complete recognition of the physical, mental as well as social well-being of an individual and not only the absence of certain disorders or illnesses. The principles related to health and well-being is described in this study. It is observed that health disparities can be characterized as unjust or avoidable health discrepancies that are conceptually observed across different population groups. From the overall study the significance of health credentials, the promotion of certain principles and empowering knowledge about health promotion was adopted to specify the need of good health and well being for every individual. The contemplation of the case study and the participants involved are the main specific of this study through which the importance of health promotion is achieved while understanding their situation which includes social aberration and financial deprivation. Every single point is justified with source information from different journals and finally ascertains the need of proper health promotion among the participants with suitable recognition of the lacking present in them.
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