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Understanding Schizophrenia: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Approaches

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INTRODUCTION - Mental Health And Illness

Task 1

Causes of a particular Mental illness


  • Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that is a collection of different mental health issues.
  • Abnormality in the interpretation of reality is another effect of schizophrenia.
  • Hallucinations and delusions are the main symptoms of this mental disorder.
  • Suicidal thoughts are the secondary symptoms of this mental illness.
  • Schizophrenia is also associated with the “Birth complications”


Schizophrenia is one of the main mental health disorders, which is very popular all over the world. There are different types of symptoms that are present which is associated with Schizophrenia. The increase in the suicidal rate is also associated with schizophrenia that which needs the proper treatment. Different kinds of birth complications are the result of the mental disorder Schizophrenia.


  • “Hallucination” is the main symptom of this mental disorder.
  • “Delusions” are based on the imagination, which has no impact on reality (Grace and Gomes, 2019).
  • Abnormality bin the motor behaviour
  • Lack of proper sleep
  • Depression or anxiety is also a part of this mental disorder.
  • “Lack of motivation” is the other symptom of this mental illness.


There are different types of symptoms that are associated with schizophrenia. Physical problems are also associated with mental disorders. This is the reason behind the negative mental effect and the low amount of performance in the working place due to this mental illness.

Psychodynamic causes behind Schizophrenia

  • Psychodynamic causes cover the physical and mental abuses which are associated with Schizophrenia
  • Analysing the childhood trauma or any kind of negative incident is discussed under this type of cause
  • No physical effect can be observed in this type of cause associated with this mental illness (Ingimarsson et al. 2018).
  • Interpersonal relationships are also the main cause of the mental disease Schizophrenia


 The psychodynamic theory is completely based on childhood incidents, which put a negative effect on the mental condition of a person. After remaining, a long period without the treatment this can turn into Schizophrenia has been seen. 

Biological factors behind Schizophrenia

  • Genetically inherited is the main cause of Schizophrenia, which can pass from one generation to the other generation.
  • “Parental damage” is another type of biological factor behind Schizophrenia (Citrome et al. 2019).
  • The frontal lobe and the side lobe defects in the brain create schizophrenia.
  • Neurotransmitter difficulties create schizophrenia within a person.
  • The hormonal misbalance will also create the difficulties in the mental condition
  • If that mental condition remains untreated, this creates Schizophrenia.


There are different kinds of biological factors are present under this type of cause. Parental damage4, brain defects create schizophrenia within the person.

Behavioural causes behind Schizophrenia

  • Negative emotional cases are associated with these factors
  • Different types of observable behaviours are also associated with the behavioural cause behind this mental issue.
  • Behavioural causes are mainly found with the help of “Classical conditioning”.
  • The behavioural issues also help doctors to identify Schizophrenia.


The behavioural causes are the outcome of the effect of the mental disorder within the person. Different kinds of models are present under this theory, which helps to find the causes behind Schizophrenia.


  • The whole discussion is based on the mental illness Schizophrenia.
  • Biological, psychodynamic, and behavioural factors are described to analyse the causes behind this mental illness.
  • The topic helps full to identify a person who is suffering from Schizophrenia.
  • There are different models are discussed for the treatment of these patients (Huang and Song, 2019).
  • The impact of any kind of social issue or childhood trauma is described here.
  • The need for mental health care is also discussed on this topic.


 The overall topic is based on the different factors, which are associate3d with the mental health issue of Schizophrenia. There are different perspectives present on this topic and some of them are used for the identification and the treatment of the patient.

Task 2


Schizophrenia is one of the biggest mental health issues all over the world. In this scenario when a person is suffering from this type of mental disorder, “Interpret reality abnormally”. This is a combination of different other5 examples. Hallucinations and delusions are the main effects of this type of mental health issue. It is not treatable by medication; it requires social activity to treat the patient (Huang and Song, 2019). The treatment in the early stage can cure this mental health issue. This is the reason behind the increasing number of suicidal cases all over the world. Increasing the number of people who are suffering from different kinds of mental issues is not getting the proper mental health care support. “Trouble sleeping, lack of motivation and social detachment” is the symptoms of Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is the last stage of prolonged mental health issues like depression, anxiety, and trauma (Laursen, 2019). The whole concept of mental health issues is dependent on the circumstances and the social impact on the mental health condition of a person. The biological perspective and the psychodynamic perspective are also discussed in this essay to understand the effect of this mental illness on the person.

“Medical model”

The medical model helps to treat mental disorders like physical treatment. Finding out the physical causes behind the mental disorder is the primary aim of this model. The medical model mainly helps to diagnose the mental disorder through Observation skills. As per this model, the main cause is identified as the organic or the physical cause of Schizophrenia. This is representing the fact that the main cause behind this mental disorder is directly connected with the physical structure and the function of the brain. Hallucinations are the primary symptoms of the disease Schizophrenia that is directly connected with suicidal ideas or the “extreme fears”. Schizophrenia is a cluster of different mental issues, which are identified as the physical causes behind this mental disorder (Grace and Gomes, 2019). These mental illnesses are classified as per the rule of the “International classification of diseases”. “Clinical interview and Psychometric tests” are used under this model for the proper diagnosis of the mental illness Schizophrenia. There are different biological perspectives are present behind the mental disease Schizophrenia and they are


As per this biological perspective, the “Genetic predisposition” is the main cause behind this mental disorder. The “Dopamine” hypothesis is also used under this biological perspective, which helps to determine the level of Dopamine in every step of Schizophrenia (Citrome et al. 2019).


This perspective is based on the structural differences in t5he brain structure. This also deals with the abnormalities in the “frontal and the prefrontal cortex” which is identified as the reason behind the reason of schizophrenia in some people.

Psychodynamic Model

Psychodynamic psychotherapy is the new treatment strategy to find out the different mental disorders and treat them with the help of proper medication and mental health support. “Communication processes and the affective states” are used as the outside therapy for schizophrenia. The model of the psychodynamic theory was invented by Sigmund Freud, which was completely based on the human behaviours and the nature of human beings. The model is completely based on the nature and the behaviour of the patient who is suffering from any kind of mental illness for a long time (Galderisi et al. 2018). Nature and the nature debate are the two primary concepts behind the “Psychodynamic approach”. The reason behind the utilization of this model for this mental illness is that it helps to identify a person who is suffering from Schizophrenia for a long time by the identification of their nature and the nature of their behaviour. Generally, childhood trauma and past incidents create a huge impact on a person, and the lack of proper mental healthcare support creates the untreatable disease of Schizophrenia within that person.


These two approaches are mentioned in this essay for the proper treatment of the mental illness Schizophrenia. The number of mental patients and the rate of suicidal cases are increasing all over the world, which is creating the fact that these mental health issues need the proper care for recovery. Otherwise, a simple mental disorder can turn into Schizophrenia which is not curable.” Medical model” mainly focus on the physical causes behind the4 mental health issues, and the treatment is also done with the proper observation and the medication process but the “psychodynamic model” deals with the past incident of a person, which created a simple mental health issue, and due to the lack of proper treatment, it converts into the Schizophrenia. These two different methods are dealing with two different strategies, which are completely based on the treatment of schizophrenia in this case study. Overall, other perspectives besides this can be used for the treatment of schizophrenia.


Citrome, L., McEvoy, J.P., Todtenkopf, M.S., McDonnell, D. and Weiden, P.J., 2019. A commentary on the efficacy of olanzapine for the treatment of schizophrenia: the past, present, and future. Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment15, p.2559.

Faden, J., 2019. How do we select an antipsychotic for those with schizophrenia?. Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy20(18), pp.2195-2199.

Fond, G., Lançon, C., Korchia, T., Auquier, P. and Boyer, L., 2020.The role of inflammation in the treatment of schizophrenia. Frontiers in psychiatry11, p.160.

Galderisi, S., Mucci, A., Buchanan, R.W. and Arango, C., 2018. Negative symptoms of schizophrenia: new developments and unanswered research questions. The Lancet Psychiatry5(8), pp.664-677.

Grace, A.A. and Gomes, F.V., 2019. The circuitry of dopamine system regulation and its disruption in schizophrenia: insights into treatment and prevention. Schizophrenia Bulletin45(1), pp.148-157.

Huang, X.F. and Song, X., 2019.Effects of antipsychotic drugs on neurites relevant to schizophrenia treatment. Medicinal research reviews39(1), pp.386-403.

Ingimarsson, O., MacCabe, J.H. and Sigurdsson, E., 2018. Constipation, ileus, and medication use during clozapine treatment in patients with schizophrenia in Iceland.Nordic Journal of Psychiatry72(7), pp.497-500.

Laursen, T.M., 2019. Causes of premature mortality in schizophrenia: a review of the literature published in 2018. Current opinion in psychiatry32(5), pp.388-393.

McCutcheon, R.A., Krystal, J.H. and Howes, O.D., 2020. Dopamine and glutamate in schizophrenia: biology, symptoms, and treatment. World Psychiatry19(1), pp.15-33.

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