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Exploring the Lake District: Nature's Splendour in Northwest England

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Introduction: Exploring the Lake District: Nature's Splendour in Northwest England

  • The report is made on the tourism destination in the UK, which is Lake District, it is a mountainous region located in the northwest of England, in the county of Cumbria.
  • The group has chosen this destination because it is an ideal destination for relaxation, with its peaceful walks, tranquil surroundings, and therapeutic spas.
  • Over the years, the Lake District has also served as an inspiration for several well-known authors and painters, including William Wordsworth, who lived and wrote there.
  • The region is renowned for its stunning mountainous scenery, with Scafell Pike, the highest peak at 978 metres, being the most notable feature (Rebanks, 2015).

Note: The presentation is made to evaluate the key factors and attraction centres of the destination. Beginning with a representation of its fundamental facilities, the presentation then focuses on statistics of annual tourist visits and seasonal variations (Rebanks, 2015). It is known for its breathtaking natural beauty, attractive lakes, and mountains, making it one of the most charming places in the UK. There are 16 large lakes and countless smaller ones located within the 2,362 square-kilometre Lake District National Park. Lake Windermere, one of the most well-liked tourist spots in the country, is the largest lake in the vicinity.

Cohen's (1972) Tourist Typology model

Cohen's (1972) Tourist Typology model categorises tourists into four types: the explorer, the drifter, the individual mass tourist, and the organised mass tourist. In review, the Lake District is a suitable destination for explorer tourists due to its natural beauty, outdoor activities, cultural heritage, and opportunities for discovery and exploration.

Cohen's (1972) Tourist Typology Model

Figure 2: Cohen's (1972) Tourist Typology Model

  • Based on the destination chosen, the Lake District, which is a popular destination in the UK, the tourist group falls under the category of the "explorer" tourist type.

Note: The Lake District is an ideal destination for explorer tourists due to its stunning natural scenery and abundance of outdoor activities. The area is home to several scenic hiking trails, including the famous Wainwright walks, as well as cycling, kayaking, and rock climbing opportunities.

Facilities & Amenities

  • The Lake District has a variety of sights and activities that may be especially appealing to college student groups.
  • The Lake District may have several attractions that draw student groups, like outdoor activities, adventure sports, historical sites, educational tours, etc.
  • A broad variety of outdoor activities, including hiking, biking, kayaking, and climbing, are available in the Lake District.
  • These places include the Beatrix Potter Gallery, the Wordsworth House and Garden, and the Lake District National Park Visitor Center. Students can take part in guided tours of the Lake District that focus on the geology, animals, and natural history of the area (May, 2020).
  • The Lake District is a popular vacation spot for foodies because of its well-known regional products, including Cumberland sausages, Kendal mintcake, and the well-known Grasmere gingerbread.
  • There are numerous stores and marketplaces in the Lake District that provide regional foods, crafts, and mementos (Donaldson,al2017).

Note: Additionally, the Lake District provides some basic amenities that make it more reliable for students (May, 2020). The Lake District is easily accessible by bus and train, making it simple to travel there and experience the area (Donaldson,et.al2017). Renowned for its beauty, towering mountains, shimmering lakes, and lush forests, the destination makes heaven for nature lovers (Porter, 2020).

Facilities and amenities

  • The Lake District has a variety of sights and activities that may be especially appealing to college student groups.
  • The Lake District may have several attractions that draw student groups, like outdoor activities, adventure sports, historical sites, educational tours, etc.
  • A broad variety of outdoor activities, including hiking, biking, kayaking, and climbing, are available in the Lake District (Porter, 2020).
  • These activities can be both physically demanding and pleasant.
  • There are numerous museums and historical attractions to visit in the Lake District, which has a rich cultural and historical legacy.
  • These places include the Beatrix Potter Gallery, the Wordsworth House and Garden, and the Lake District National Park Visitor Centre. Students can take part in guided tours of the Lake District that focus on the geology, animals, and natural history of the area (May, 2020).
  • The Lake District is a popular vacation spot for foodies because of its well-known regional products, including Cumberland sausages, Kendal mint cake, and the well-known Grasmere gingerbread.
  • There are numerous stores and marketplaces in the Lake District that provide regional foods, crafts, and mementos (Donaldson, al 2017).

Note: Additionally, the Lake District provides some basic amenities that make it more reliable for students. Student groups can find a variety of economical and comfortable accommodation alternatives in the Lake District, including hostels, hotels, bed-and-breakfasts, self-catering cottages, and camping sites. The Lake District is easily accessible by bus and train, making it simple to travel there and experience the area.

Key Facts

  • 16 major lakes, including Lake Windermere, the biggest lake in England, are located in the Lake District. The tallest mountain in England, Scafell Pike, which is 978 metres (3,209 feet) tall, is also located in the Lake District.
  • Numerous species of wildlife, such as red deer, otters, ospreys, and red squirrels, can be found in the Lake District (Marr, 2015).
  • An estimated 19 million tourists visit the Lake District each year, making it a well-liked tourist destination.
  • A significant industry in the area, tourism brings in more than £3 billion a year.

Note: The Lake District is known for its rich literary history and connections to several well-known authors, such as William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Beatrix Potter (Marr, 2015). The Lake District is located in the northwest of England and is part of the county of Cumbria.It encompasses roughly 2,362 square kilometres (912 square miles).Two national parks, the Lake District National Park and the Yorkshire Dales National Park, are located in the Lake District, and together they have a combined area of more than 3,500 square kilometres (1,350 square miles).

Annual Tourist Visits

Here are some recent statistics on the annual tourist visits to the Lake District:

  • About 48.9 million tourists visited the Northwest of England, which includes the Lake District, in 2019.
  • The Lake District National Park Authority claims that with over 56,000 jobs supported and annual revenue of over £3 billion, tourism is the region's main employer (Denyer, 2016).
  • The number of visitors to the Lake District has likely been affected by the pandemic, and the situation is evolving as travel restrictions and public health measures continue to change (Hughes, al 2019).

Note: The Lake District was the UK's second-most popular tourist destination in 2019 behind London. Around 21 million tourists visited Lake District National Park alone in the same year. According to VisitBritain 2021, the official tourism organisation of the United Kingdom, the Lake District is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the country, with millions of visitors each year (Denyer, 2016). Around 90% of all visitors to the Lake District come from the UK, making up the bulk of tourists there.

Seasonal Variations

The area experiences an annual precipitation of 723.8 mm, with October being the wettest month of the year, with 81.55 mm of precipitation on average (Watts, et.al 2015).The Lake District has experienced erratic weather patterns in recent times. 2009's flood and 2010's drought are two examples of extreme weather conditions in the area (Zwirglmaier et al.,  2015).

Seasonal variations

Figure 3: Seasonal variations

Note: The Lake District has seen seasonal variations on a large scale in recent years. To manage this climate change to some extent, The Lake District National Park Authority has launched the Low Carbon Lake District plan and is working effectively on its implications with regularly made updates and constant monitoring (Watts, et.al 2015). The hottest month for the area is July, with an average of 16 degrees Celsius. January, with an average of 5 degrees Celsius, is stated as the coldest month for the region.A range of impacts, including species loss, migration of habitats upwards, an increase in non-native species, changes to lakes and woodlands, drying out of peat, and footpath erosion, happened in the last few years, indicating extreme climate change and greater risk.March is recorded as the windiest month of the year, with an average wind speed of 19 km/h.

Transportation Options

  • The positive aspect is that the most popular method of seeing the Lake District is by renting a car. Numerous automobile rental agencies may be found close to train and airport terminals, where visitors can rent a vehicle (Woolway, et.al 2021).
  • The two largest bus companies in the area, Stagecoach, and National Express, provide services to numerous towns and villages around the area (D Dieck, et.al 2018).
  • However, the Lake District, besides being a popular tourist destination, has some negative aspects.
  • The narrow, winding roads of the place rapidly become congested, leading to traffic jams, delays, and air pollution. Also, due to the high volume of visitors, parking can be limited in some areas during peak tourist season.

Note: The Lake District, located in northwest England, offers a range of transportation and accommodation options for visitors. With its stunning natural beauty, outdoor activities, and cultural heritage, the Lake District attracts visitors from all over the world.

Accommodation Options

  • There are hotels in the Lake District for every taste and price range. There are numerous upscale hotels with first-rate services and breathtaking views of the area.
  • There are several chain hotels and budget-friendly hotels that offer cozy accommodations at reasonable prices for individuals on a limited budget.
  • Another negative aspect of the Lake District is that visitors sometimes decide to stay in bed and breakfasts, and the area is home to many attractive establishments (Hope, 2016).
  • A bed and breakfast provides a more private and intimate experience than a hotel and is frequently found in old buildings or traditional residences (Porter, 2020).

Note: There are various options accessible, whether one wants to travel to the area by vehicle, train, bus, or taxi (Hope, 2016). For those seeking greater flexibility and solitude, self-catering accommodations, such as vacation cottages, apartments, or lodges, are a fantastic choice.

Conclusion

Such amenities of the destination that attract students towards it are evaluated in the report. Further, the statistics of annual visitors and seasonal variations in the region are presented.

The Lake District has undergone significant preservation efforts in recent years, with the creation of the Lake District National Park and initiatives to promote sustainable tourism.

This has helped to maintain the region's unique ecosystem and protect its natural beauty. Transportation and accommodation options available at the destination have been evaluated at last.

In conclusion, the Lake District is a beautiful and culturally rich area of England, offering visitors a unique blend of outdoor adventure, natural beauty, and cultural heritage. Its preservation must be ensured so that the region remains an idyllic destination for years to come.

Note: The presentation, therefore, highlights that the region is a world-famous destination for activities such as trekking, rock climbing, and water sports.

References

D Dieck, T., Moorhouse, N. and Jung, T., 2018. Tourists’ virtual reality adoption: an exploratory study from Lake District National Park. Leisure Studies, 37(4), pp.371-383.

Denyer, S., 2016. The Lake District landscape: cultural or natural?.In The making of a cultural landscape (pp. 19-46).Routledge.

Donaldson, C., Gregory, I.N. and Taylor, J.E., 2017. Locating the beautiful, picturesque, sublime and majestic: spatially analysing the application of aesthetic terminology in descriptions of the English Lake District.Journal of Historical Geography, 56, pp.43-60.

Hope, D., 2016. The democratisation of tourism in the English Lake District: the role of the Co-operative Holidays Association and the Holiday Fellowship. Journal of Tourism History, 8(2), pp.105-126.

Hughes, P., Tomkins, M. and Stimson, A., 2019.Glaciation of the English Lake District during the Late-glacial: a new analysis using 10Be and Schmidt hammer exposure dating. Northwest Geography, 19(2), pp.8-20.

gov.uk, 2023.Lake District National Park (Online).<https://www.lakedistrict.gov.uk/>(accssed 16.02.2023)

Marr, J.E., 2015. The geology of the Lake District. Cambridge University Press.

May, S., 2020. Heritage, endangerment and participation: alternative futures in the Lake District. International Journal of Heritage Studies, 26(1), pp.71-86.

Porter, N., 2020. Strategic planning and place branding in a World Heritage cultural landscape: a case study of the English Lake District, UK. European Planning Studies, 28(7), pp.1291-1314.

Porter, N., 2020. Strategic planning and place branding in a World Heritage cultural landscape: a case study of the English Lake District, UK. European Planning Studies, 28(7), pp.1291-1314.

Rebanks, J., 2015.The shepherd's life: A tale of the Lake District. Penguin UK.

Time and Date AS, 2023. Climate & Weather Averages in Lake District, England, United Kingdom (Online). <https://www.timeanddate.com/weather/@2645022/climate> (accssed 16.02.2023)

VisitBritain, 2020. 2021 Tourism forecast (Online). <https://www.visitbritain.org/sites/default/files/vb-corporate/Documents-Library/documents/England-documents/destination_report_-_lake_district.pdf> accessed on 18.02.2023

Watts, G., Battarbee, R.W., Bloomfield, J.P., Crossman, J., Daccache, A., Durance, I., Elliott, J.A., Garner, G., Hannaford, J., Hannah, D.M. and Hess, T., 2015.Climate change and water in the UK–past changes and future prospects.Progress in Physical Geography, 39(1), pp.6-28.

Woolway, R.I., Jennings, E., Shatwell, T., Golub, M., Pierson, D.C. and Maberly, S.C., 2021. Lake heatwaves under climate change. Nature, 589(7842), pp.402-407.

Zwirglmaier, K., Keiz, K., Engel, M., Geist, J. and Raeder, U., 2015.Seasonal and spatial patterns of microbial diversity along a trophic gradient in the interconnected lakes of the Osterseen Lake District, Bavaria.Frontiers in microbiology, 6, p.1168.

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