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The region Wolverhampton is mainly known for its steel population and the industrial revolution. The population characteristics will be described in the study. The cause of choosing the target population can also be described in the study. The study will also highlight the important concept of improving public health. Therefore the study is going to describe the “Community-centred approaches”. These are considered as the social unity, selection of the goals within a community, positive influence on the community, good social behaviour practice within the community, and the betterment of the quality of the health and the lives of the people in the community.
The region Wolverhampton is mainly known for its steel population and the industrial revolution. The population of Wolverhampton is down with a race. The population is highly shown that the total population is more than 69%. However, in which more than 34% is the number with white British. Of the more than 18% population of South Asians, more than 8% are black and more than 3% are Chinese or other kinds of Asian. On the other side, more than 5% of people are of mixed race (Johnston et al. 2019). Moreover, it can be also stated that there are more females present than males. In this population, women make up 52% of the population. However, it has been seen that there is a large number of aged people who are in the age group of 60 and children are more than the age group of 15 and under living in the area of Wolverhampton. In the year 2022, the main population in this area within this country is more than 224379 whereas the population is more than 221757 in the year 2020. Wolverhampton mainly consisted of more than 20 wards. However, it has an estimated population of more than 254400 in the year 2015. The population density in this area has consisted of more than 600 residents per square kilometre. The overall population has been growing by 8% since 2002 and the average population age has increased by more than 1.5 years which is the same this year also (Yu et al. 2020). However, in this area, the population is highly based on black, white, mixed, and Asian. The white is more than 69%, the black rate is more than 7%, the Asian is more than 19% and the mixture is more than 5.2%. All of those are included in the population characteristic within the area of Wolverhampton.
The health status of the population in the area of Wolverhampton is very good. However, it can be also stated that the people's health in this area is generally worse than the average health condition in England. As per the statement of Sporting Equals.org.uk, (2018), the average life expectancy is more than 73 years for men and 81.3% for women. However, the obesity rate of this population in this area is much lower than young people. More than 66% of older people have faced obesity rates rather than the young people. In comparison with the children in England and this city, it can be stated that the ratio of the obesity rate among children is 29% and 20%. However, it can be also stated that the healthy development of children in the age group of 13 to 18 is running very rapidly (Harper et al. 2019). However, it can be also stated that they are also with good health and well-being activities. On the other hand, it can be unexpectedly seen that more than 87% of the younger age people are facing death due to the Covid-19 pandemic situation which is quite higher in the age group of 18 to 60 years whereas the rate of death in the case of the Covid-19 pandemic in the percentage of more than 86%. Based on this kind of evaluation, it can be rated that the health benefits are too high in the case of these kinds of age groups in the age group of 13 to 18 (Harper et al. 2019). The health approach is to well-being for the case of these kinds of people that helps in maintaining the well-being activities of those persons.
The local factors also have some major factors that make some impact on health in the area of Wolverhampton. Some of the major factors like high obesity levels, alcohol misuse, smoking, sexually transmitted level infections, poor mental health and the ageing factors, and some unhealthy population can affect the health. However, all of the local factors can influence the promotion of bad health factors. Some of the major factors have been evaluated that can impact the health factors that can impact the health issues. Mainly in the age group of 13 to 18 in this area, some of the major factors that can affect their health have been evaluated here.
The mental health condition in this area in the age group of 13 to 18 is too high. They cannot achieve the proper support that can make some changes in their behaviour. However, this poor mental health can make some negative reflections on the growth and healthier development of the children that can reduce their brain development also (Kola et al. 2021). Due to that reason, it can be stated that poor mental health can reduce the healthy development of children who belong to the age group of 13 to 18.
The population rate is too unhealthy in this area which can have a lot of negative impact on the healthy development of the people in the age group of 13 to 18 in this area. The population rate is too high which can cause hunger problems (Przybylski and Weinstein, 2019). Due to those reasons, the parents are not able to take proper care of their children, which can have many negative impacts on their healthier development. Due to that reason, it can be stated that this unhealthy population can make some negative impacts on the healthy development of the children who are in the age group of 13 to 18.
A bad lifestyle is one of the main risk factors that can reduce the healthy activity and well-being activities of children. Smoking and Alcohol abuse can have some negative impacts on healthy development. Due to that reason, it can be stated that a bad lifestyle also includes smoking and alcohol misuse (Manios et al. 2018). Due to that reason, some of the major negative factors like a bad lifestyle can easily impact the healthy development mainly in the age groups of 13 to 18. The bad lifestyle of parents also impacts the healthy development of the age groups of 13 to 18.
The target population that has been chosen here is the 13-18 age group of people. This kind of population has been chosen here because the health assessment can be easy that can impact the target population. Due to that reason, this kind of target population has been selected here.
Trends, age range, and gender breakdown of the population
The total population in this area is 251556. In that case, the total population is based on different kinds of ages. In the population of this area, mainly more than 25% of children have been presented in the age group of 0-19 years which is more than 4.9 % of those people (Harper et al.2019). However, 55.6 % of people are based on Christianity and 10% of people are Sikh. However, the rest of the people are Hindu and Muslim.
The main range of the population within this area is mainly based on the postcode areas were more than 178K and more than 35K people have increased it since mainly 2002. Moreover, the rate of the growth of the population is more than 10% and the age rate of the population is more than 40% and which also can be increased by the 2002 years of the average population by 1.5 years. However, it can be also stated that mainly the estimating population rate is 221753 in this area. The recent estimation within this area has been shown that the population is across 256700 which can make this population is 59th largest population.
In this area, the age group of 0-17 years of people is 53000. The age group of the people 18 to 64 years is mainly based on highly 140000 people (Ferrara et al. 2022). On the other hand, above the 65 years of people is based on more than 37000 people.
The gender population is mainly based on female and male people. Based on the estimation of the population in this area, it can be stated more than 49.6% of people are male and 50.7% of people are male (Morrissey et al. 2019). Due to that reason, it can be stated that mainly the female population is higher than the male population.
Public health and supportive intervention
Based on the annual report of public health in the year 2020-2021within this area, it can be stated that addressing the lifestyle and the proper support to the people can make a supportive and public health intervention that also helps in improving the life expectancy (Harper et al. 2020).
National and local support for the target population
With the help of local and national support, some of the major improvements in the population of the target group can be improved. Wellbeing and health activities help in improving the relevance and some national strategies and implementing some of the proper plans by the local aspects help in supporting the target population (Harper, 2022). On the other side, government bodies can be the main support for the target population that helps in improving the well-being activities in the target population.
The need is one of the important concepts for the improvement of public health. This kind of approach is mainly used in the management and planning of the services of health which mainly includes resource allocation, equity, and health improvement. However, the need is also based on a concept of multifaceted where none of the universal definitions has been evaluated. Based on the statement of Bradshaw (1972), it can be stated that need is mainly four types where the normative need, expressed need, and comparative needs have been evaluated here. All of those needs have a great significance on health improvement by applying their different kinds of approaches. All of those kinds of needs have been demonstrated here.
Based on the statement of Bradshaw (1972), it can be stated that the normative need is not an absolute need. The normative need is mainly identified as the norm of the set standard. All of those kinds of needs are highly set by the experts. A huge kind of benefits can be evaluated by the implementation of this need. Mainly the establishments of the standards are the main need for this health assessment improvement of the children in this area. However, they have evaluated some of the different standards that are highly laid down by different experts. This kind of need has no inequality. However, this kind of need is also linked with the national drivers like doctors and local drivers like the population (Taebi et al. 2020). This kind of need mainly includes vaccination, which has a lot of short and long impacts. However, this kind of need is one of the main aspects for the target population, which mainly includes the children. Due to that reason, this kind of need has been focused on here.
However, the expressed need is mainly defined as the action of the felt needs which are based on those kinds of needs which are limited by the knowledge, and perception of the services. However, mainly the counselling process can be involved here. In the case of the health assessment of the children in this area, mainly this kind of need can have a long term effect on public health. However, mainly the counsellors are the national drivers and the children are the local drivers who need that kind of need (Trezzini et al. 2019). However, this kind of need has a significant approach because this kind of need can give some major benefits in the health assessment of the children. Based on this kind of significance, this kind of need has been selected here. By the expressed needs mainly the development process can be done that can impact the mental health development. On the other hand, it can be stated that the expressed need helps in promoting healthier activity for the people and helps in monitoring their progress. Due to that reason, this kind of need is highly significant for the healthy development of the children by implementing its major approaches.
As per the analysis of the need of Bradshaw (1972), it can be stated that one of the groups of an individual with the compatible groups mainly bases the comparative need on comparing the receiver of services. However, it can be also stated that some of the major factors have been evaluated here. On the other hand, mainly some of the rural village areas have been identified here (healthknowledge.org.uk, 2022). The comparative need is mainly based on the received of services that can be set by the schools mainly. This kind of need mainly helps in receiving service from another comparative group. On the other side, some of the main long term effects have been evaluated here that make a lot of impacts on the development of the evaluation. However, it can be also stated that this kind of need is one of the main aspects of the development of the main health assessment of the factors. However, this kind of need is highly justified because the rural area is highly evaluated in these areas that can make a lot of positive impacts. Based on all of those approaches this kind of need has been evaluated here.
From the evaluation of these kinds of needs, it can be stated those needs are highly significant for the improvement of the health assessments. After the evaluations of those needs, mainly one of the following needs can make a great significance on this. In that case, it is mainly stated that the comparative need is highly justified in this health assessment because in this kind of need mainly the comparable groups have been focused. However, this kind of need is mainly focused on one type of region. Due to that reason, this kind of need is one of the main approaches for this health assessment of this meet. Based on the evaluation of this kind of need, it can be stated that the target group is mainly the children who are under the 13-18 in the area of Wolverhampton, which is situated in the UK. This kind of can help in identifying the risk factors of this kind of population and can help in improving their healthier activities. Moreover, this also can help in promoting these healthier activities (Wang et al. 2019). On the other side, mainly the best fit for the local head is the local community, local bodies, and hospitals. However, the national best-fit priorities are the governing factors. Due to that reason, this comparative need has been evaluated here that is highly significant for this target population. By implementing these needs, the healthy development of the children in this Wolverhampton area can be done. As this need is based on the service needs of different groups, due to that reason, this need can help in improving the progress of life.
The types of the “Community-cantered approaches” that are chosen to develop the health of the target population in Wolverhampton are the strengthening of the communities, approaches associated with the Volunteer and roles of the peer, the approaches associated with the Collaborations, and the partnership approaches associated with the community resource assessment.
These approaches focused on the ability of the community to develop their health practices. This approach suggests that the health of the community can be improved by strengthening the capacity of the community to bring action. The approaches can be implemented by improving the social determinants of health. The social determinants of health are the economic stability of the community, level of education in the community, assessment for the health care, and the assessment of the quality of health in the community and the community context (Soni et al. 2022). The “health promotion theory” suggests the development of community health through the effort of the individual to better their health. The “Self-Care Deficit Theory” by “Dorothea Orem suggests the development of social health and social well-being by strengthening the ability of the community by increasing the capacity of the individual in the community.
These approaches focused on the improvement of the capability of the individual of the community to deliver the advice, notification, and support the activities to develop the health of the community. The improvement of the volunteer roles improves through peer support, improvement of the peer education, and training of the health caregiver. The development of the capability of the individual to volunteer in the community is the main concern of the approaches. This capability helps to improve the overall health of the community. The theory that suggests the development of volunteerism in the community is the “Milio’s framework of prevention”.
Nancy Milio suggested the theory. The theory suggests that the healthy development of the community should be based on the core areas of the community (Fleming et al. 2021). The behaviours of the community and the individual of the population are the main determinants of the health of the community.
These approaches focused on the involvement of the community and the government and the health care sector to develop a plan of action to support the health and the wellbeing of the community. As per the approach, it has been suggested that the planning of the improvement of the community health is based on the identification of the needs of the community and analyzing the priority of the community. The planning of the health improvement needs a proper action of the implementation and the evaluation of the result of the planning. The involvement of the people leads to more suitable, unbiased, and adequate benefits(Gale et al. 2019). The theory that suggests the development of collaboration and partnership in the community is the “The Neumann Systems Model”. Nancy Milio suggested the theory. As per the theory, the healthy development of the community is considered as the holistic development process by the development of the psychological, sociocultural, and spiritual development of the community. Therefore, the holistic development of the community can be developed through collaboration and the partnership and the unity of the community.
These approaches focused on the development of the community resource assessment to develop the health of the community. The approaches suggest that the individuals of the community need to be aware of the resources of the community. . The association between immediate health supervision and society associations is critical. These approaches can be achieved by improving the way of healthy living in the community. The health development theory of Florence Nightingale was named “Nightingale’s theory of environment”. The theory suggests that the development of the health of the community is based on the healthy practices in the environment.
As per the study, the community development approach which is appropriate for the development of the community well being is Community strengthening. These approaches are based on the ability of the community to develop their health practices (Longo et al. 2020). This approach suggests that the health of the community can be improved by strengthening the capacity of the community to bring action. These will develop the health of the adult from 13 to 18 years in Wolverhampton. The key stakeholders are adults from 13 to 18 years and health care providers, and governments (Wang et al. 2020). The challenges are associated with the leadership challenge that is associated with the implementation of the approaches. The major issue is the management of the stakeholders. The stakeholders of the development project are creating several problems. Sometimes they do not follow the rules of the governments. The leadership issues can be mitigated by improving the funding of the government, improving women's empowerment, improving the interest of the young generation in the leadership system, and increasing the involvement of the youth in community projects (Woods et al. 2020). On the other hand, mainly social medical and behavioral approaches have been evaluated here through which the evaluation can be done. However, Leadership is the main challenge. For this intervention process mainly the support system needs to be implemented for improving these health assessments.
The study concluded the population characteristic within the area of Wolverhampton. The result shows that the target group is associated with poor mental health. As per the study, the population is very unhealthy. The community development approaches are beneficial for the development of the health status of the population in a community. The Community strengthening approach has been chosen to develop the health of the target population in Wolverhampton. The leadership issue was found and the study concluded some strategies to mitigate those issues.
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